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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in

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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Jun 2016, 11:08
8
3

EXPLAINATION:-
In weaken questions one must try to attack the conclusion of the argument. Because there is a logical error in the conclusion and by revealing the error, you can show that the conclusion is weak. A weak conclusion makes the entire argument invalid (if the argument is deductive) or uncogent (if the argument is inductive). Also remember in Weaken question, we can use New Information.

Lets try to do this here
The argument tells us that Plastic sleds have these qualities:- faster, bad handling (hard to steer), weak brakes (harder to slow).
"Plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow" ===> mentioned in passage
Now if something skids fast, cannot be stopped and cannot be handled, it will crash more frequently and more injuries will occur.

The argument also tells us that Plastic Sleds have been used for 10 years but the rate of accident was higher only last year.
Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular ===> mentioned in passage
The number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago. ===> mentioned in passage
Suddenly during last year the accident number has gone up? Why ? LET US INVESTIGATE.

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
This should actually cause less accident, since wooden sleds are safer. DISCARD OPTION A

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
Well, children must not be wearing protection for 10 years. Why accidents have gone up last year only. doesn't answer this question. DISCARD OPTION B

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
At first glance looks out of scope or irrelevant...BUT KEEP IT FOR LATER ANALYSIS

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
So suddenly last year many trees, many rocks and many sleds appear? No indication about that DISCARD OPTION D

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
This is reverse answer. More Wooden Sled = More injuries. So accidents should have been more 10 years ago when wooden sleds were used, not now. DISCARD OPTION E

What remains with us now is only option C which looked out of scope, or irrelevant
Now no matter, whether we like it or not it has to be the answer.

Lets Analyse it again
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

Wooden sled can only be used in good weather when snow is soft and fresh, when there is no storm, when there is no fog, when visibility is good etc etc. Also given they are safer.

Plastic sled can be used in much wider condition such as when there is snow storm, still snowing, when the snow is hard and can cause injury on impact etc etc.

So may be last year something happened that has not happened in a long time after the introduction of plastic sleds. Finally after 10 years, last year snow conditions were bad. Now if people used wooden sleds , they could not sled because their wooden sleds don't have the capability. So NO sleds = NO accidents.
But Plastic sleds can still sleds in such extreme conditions. So people being stupid, ignored the bad condition and went out and coupled with the fact that plastic sleds are injury prone, People got injured and injured again and injured again. Stupid People

AND WHY DOES THIS HAPPENED:- THE BLAME LIES ON PLASTIC SLEDS BECAUSE THEY CAN WORK IN A VARIETY OF WEATHER CONDITIONS (INCLUDING BAD CONDITIONS)

Thats what exactly option C says

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
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Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 11 Jun 2016, 00:13.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 13 Jun 2016, 11:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 02:36
The argument concludes that The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

If we read the question stem closely, it asks which option undermines the force of evidence, that is which option attacks the reason provided in the argument for increase in injuries while using plastic sled. option C clearly provides an alternative reason.

OA to this question is C only I have checked in other threads as well.

yes, "while sleding" are KEY WORDS for which to choose C.

great explanation
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2016, 14:18
1
C calls for the question that does really plastic sledges are more harmful.

Wooden sledges are used by less people than plastic ones due to its usage and hence accidents are more but not due to the quality or design of plastic sledge.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2016, 14:34
I think B is the answer. since children wear less/no safety gear, so that is wy they are getting injured, not because of plastic sledges. I might be wrong in the reasoning
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2016, 23:07
Jp27 wrote:
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

If plastic sleds can be used in a wider variety of conditions than wooden sleds can, then plastic sleds can be used more frequently. It is possible that more frequent use, rather than the sleds themselves, has led to more accidents.
The absence of protective gear would affect accidents with both kinds of sleds. Therefore, B is not the appropriate answer.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2017, 20:00
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button and post your queries – closing this request.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2017, 17:19
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
The above option provides the reason how the plastic sledges are different to those made of wood gives an alternate reason for the findings
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2017, 08:56
Its a tough call between C & E.

I guess the catch lies in the line"most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars", meaning despite majority using wooden sleds the increase in number of accidents was attributed to plastic sleds. Despite being the minority if plastic sleds contribute more to the number of accident victims then to weaken the argument we need something positive to undermine the "dangerous" argument.

That's what I think.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2017, 03:52
(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds. ( Wrong Answer : The argument is about an increase the sled related injuries.)

(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding. ( Wrong : this is not affecting the argument in any manner.)

(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can. (Right Answer : Given the fact that plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions the chances of injury gets increased alongwith the variety.)

(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled. ( wrong Answer : This is not affecting the argument since this may happen to both plastic as well as wooden sled riders)

(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.( wrong Answer : the argument’s focus is plastic sleds)
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 08:02
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According to me, Right answer has to be option (b). Because, Plastic sleds are not responsible for injuries. Children are not taking precaution, That's why, Injuries are there.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 08:42
Top Contributor
thedubey wrote:
According to me, Right answer has to be option (b). Because, Plastic sleds are not responsible for injuries. Children are not taking precaution, That's why, Injuries are there.

Hi,

Here is my understanding :
Children may not careful at using wooden sleds or plastic sleds all over the time,but it does not affect the argument.

Premise: As plastic sleds became popular ,the number of children injured was much higher last winter than it was 10 years ago when wooden sleds were popular

Conclusion: plastic sleds are more dangerous

Answer choice C correctly weakened the conclusion by providing additional information about plastic sled's wide range of usage.

Thanks
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 13:51
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2017, 18:16
KyleWiddison wrote:
Choice D is the correct answer because you want to find some information that weakens the argument. It's a classic GMAT-like argument that attempts to compare raw numbers when rates really should be compared. This issue is highlighted by choice D which states that the number of sleds (and by extension sledders) has grown significantly with the introduction of the cheaper plastic sled. This increase in sleds could lead to a higher NUMBER of accidents with a lower RATE of accidents overall, thus weakening the conclusion.

You have a valid point about the sleds not necessarily equating directly with sledders, but remember that with CR you are choosing the best answer available. Choice C doesn't provide any differentiation between now and 15 years ago. If it had (by mentioning that protective gear was used heavily 15 years ago but not anymore) then C would be a strong answer choice.

KW

Sorry I think I haven't got fully your points. My assumption is "if all those accidents were not caused by plastic sledges, it means plastic sledges are less dangerous than wooden sledges". Thus my choice was E instead of C and D, can you help detect my falsified assumption?
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2017, 20:15
Hi
No reply talks about A and I am wondered.

A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

I chose A because if the number of people using plastic is more or wood is less, that explains the discrepancy in the evidence.
Could you help me understand where I am going wrong?
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2017, 15:23
1
sarathgopinath wrote:
Hi
No reply talks about A and I am wondered.

A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

I chose A because if the number of people using plastic is more or wood is less, that explains the discrepancy in the evidence.
Could you help me understand where I am going wrong?

Quote:
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

The evidence cited is "that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago [when wooden sleds were popular]." This evidence seems to suggest that plastic sleds are more dangerous. Even if a few children still use traditional wooden sleds, if injuries have increased since plastic sleds became popular, this still suggests that plastic sleds are more dangerous.

The evidence cited does not require that ALL children use plastic sleds, so (A) can be eliminated.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2017, 02:55
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

OA B????

This question really boils down to E vs C IMO. The issue with E is that it actually kind of strengthens the argument because if a wooden sled accident ends up harming more children then how is it that the plastic sled has led to more overall accidents? This possibly means that there have been more plastic sled accidents. The thing about C means that ok well the sledders could be using it in more dangerous snow conditions such as thin ice hence the increased rate of injury.

C
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2017, 18:19
ankit0411 wrote:
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

OA B????

Are you sure the OA is ? I highly doubt the OA.

IMO the answer should be .

Anyone else any thoughts on this one ?

Thanks,
Ankit

The answer should be C. B doesn't provide the difference between the traditional and plastic. We don't know the children in the past were more likely to wear helmet or protective geat.

C provides a distinct feature of plastic, and it suggests that children may get injuries elsewhere, not necessarily from snow
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2017, 13:51
Top Contributor
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

PREMISE: In the past children used wooden sleds
PREMISE: 10 years ago plastic sleds became popular
PREMISE: Plastic sleds are faster and harder to control
PREMISE: More children injured sledding last year than 10 years ago
CONCLUSION: Plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden sleds

Let's check the answer choices While also reminding ourselves what the conclusion is...

A) This does not weaken the conclusion that plastic sleds are more dangerous. ELIMINATE
B) This does not weaken the conclusion that plastic sleds are more dangerous. ELIMINATE
C) If plastic sleds can be used in more situations, then children will go sledding a lot more often. The more children go sledding the more likely they are to injure themselves. So it's quite possible that the increase in injuries is not due to the plastic sleds themselves but rather the fact that children are able to go sledding more. This weaken the conclusion that plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden sleds.
D) This does not weaken the conclusion that plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden sleds. ELIMINATE
E) This does not weaken the conclusion that plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden sleds. ELIMINATE

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2017, 14:28
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in   [#permalink] 20 Nov 2017, 14:28

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