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In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway

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In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 23:25
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Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:13) correct 43% (01:13) wrong based on 65 sessions

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In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway accident rate increased yearly, peaking a decade ago. At that time, the speed limit on highways was set at 90 kilometers per hour (kph) (55 miles per hour). Every year since the introduction of the highway speed limit, the highway accident rate has been at least 15 percent lower than that of its peak rate. Thus, setting the highway speed limit at 90 kph (55 mph) has reduced the highway accident rate by at least 15 percent.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) In the years prior to the introduction of the highway speed limit, many cars could go faster than 90 kph (55 mph).
(B) Ten years ago, at least 95 percent of all automobile accidents in the area occurred on roads with a speed limit of under 80 kph (50 mph).
(C) Although the speed limit on many highways is officially set at 90 kph (55 mph), most people typically drive faster than the speed limit.
(D) Thanks to changes in automobile design in the past ten years, drivers are better able to maintain control of their cars in dangerous situations.
(E) It was not until shortly after the introduction of the highway speed limit that most cars were equipped with features such as seat belts and airbags designed to prevent harm to passengers.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 01:32
Akela wrote:
In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway accident rate increased yearly, peaking a decade ago. At that time, the speed limit on highways was set at 90 kilometers per hour (kph) (55 miles per hour). Every year since the introduction of the highway speed limit, the highway accident rate has been at least 15 percent lower than that of its peak rate. Thus, setting the highway speed limit at 90 kph (55 mph) has reduced the highway accident rate by at least 15 percent.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?


(A) In the years prior to the introduction of the highway speed limit, many cars could go faster than 90 kph (55 mph).
Even if many cars went faster than 90 kph, setting the highway speed limit has clearly reduced the highway accident rate.

(B) Ten years ago, at least 95 percent of all automobile accidents in the area occurred on roads with a speed limit of under 80 kph (50 mph).
"Ten year ago" means "a decay ago", in which the highway accident rate wasn't set. Thus, this choice contributes nothing to the argument

(C) Although the speed limit on many highways is officially set at 90 kph (55 mph), most people typically drive faster than the speed limit.
Even if many people drive faster than the speed limit, the effect of setting highway speed limit is undeniable.

(D) Thanks to changes in automobile design in the past ten years, drivers are better able to maintain control of their cars in dangerous situations.
Correct. This choice indicates that the decrease in the highway accident rate is because of the better automobile design, not because of the highway speed limit.

(E) It was not until shortly after the introduction of the highway speed limit that most cars were equipped with features such as seat belts and airbags designed to prevent harm to passengers.
The argument focuses on the highway accident rate, including collisions, injury and death rates. Thus,
this choice contributes nothing to the argument.

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Kudos [?]: 1016 [0], given: 61

Re: In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2017, 01:32
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In the past, when there was no highway speed limit, the highway

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