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# In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 16:46
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

84% (01:25) correct 16% (01:40) wrong based on 184 sessions

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In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped sharply due to spending by consumers in such amounts so that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time and hired new employees.

A. due to spending by consumers in such amounts so that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time
B. due to consumer spending in such amounts that retailers around the country would convert temps to full-time
C. because consumers' spending in amounts such that retailers around the country would convert temps to full-time
D. because spending by consumers in amounts so high as to make retailers around the country convert temps to full-time
E. because consumers were spending in such amounts that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time

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In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 20:03
2
Simple and straight forward...E)

Cannot use DUE TO because DUE TO is a noun modifier

We are supposed to explain why unemployment rates dropped.Hence cannot use the noun modifier DUE TO
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Re: In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 08:13
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In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped sharply due to spending by consumers in such amounts so that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time and hired new employees.

A. due to spending by consumers in such amounts so that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time (not sure, but "spending by consumers in such amounts" seems weird; also, present perfect tense seems not to make much sense as there is time marker at the beginning of the sentence)
B. due to consumer spending in such amounts that retailers around the country would convert temps to full-time (I think is right)
C. because consumers' spending in amounts such that retailers around the country would convert temps to full-time (what comes after "because" doesn't seem to be a complete clause: a verb seems to be missing)
D. because spending by consumers in amounts so high as to make retailers around the country convert temps to full-time (the same as C)
E. because consumers were spending in such amounts that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time (past simple, past continues, and present perfect don't seem quite right in this sentence)
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Re: In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 08:44
B cannot be right because st reads “unemployment rates dropped” so something in past needs to be justified in option B ‘due to x would convert’ cannot be correct as would is used for probable or in future not confirmed situations...

E on the other hand fits nicely as it connects past tense of “unemployment rates dropped” with “consumers were spending” as it shows in the past they were spending so much amount that retailers “have converted”
Usage of perfect tense to show it did happen...

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Re: In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 11:29
redskull1 wrote:
Simple and straight forward...E)

Cannot use DUE TO because DUE TO is a noun modifier

We are supposed to explain why unemployment rates dropped.Hence cannot use the noun modifier DUE TO

I second you, answer must be (E)
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In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2018, 09:51
redskull1 wrote:
Simple and straight forward...E)

Cannot use DUE TO because DUE TO is a noun modifier

We are supposed to explain why unemployment rates dropped.Hence cannot use the noun modifier DUE TO

Abhishek009

I don't agree that sentence A is wrong because of "due to". If sentence A were " In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates were dropped due to..." then I agree "due to" is wrong usage here.

As per my opinion option A is wrong because of second part of option A i.e. "spending by consumers in such amounts so that retailers around the country have converted temps to full-time". This portion of sentence says.. consumers were spending with a intention and intention was "retailers will convert temps to full-time".

Let me know if I am wrong.

as per Grammar and meaning, Only option E is correct.
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Re: In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2018, 01:55
1
ammuseeru - a simple rule for 'due to' - replace it with 'caused by'. If sentence find its meaning then it is right else not. Moreover ‘Due to’ implies causation and can modify only nouns. here is is modifies entire clause, hence its usage is wrong.

'because of' can modify an entire clause, hence its better to use 'because'. Hope It has helped you.
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Re: In the second quarter of this year, unemployment rates dropped   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2018, 01:55
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