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# In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in

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In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2006, 09:10
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In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2006, 09:57
KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation

"not by..but by" construction is needed.

C or E.

Like seems apporpriate here, as pronoun "they" is used here.

I would bet on C.
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2006, 16:26
KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation

"E" for me too

not by... but by - paralel structure
+
"as" because of the verb "has" + "been"
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2006, 20:57
I'm always confused about the "true" definition of time. In physics, time is defined as the interval between two successive events. Now that definition doesn't work for me because before you define time you need to define "events" and that is not also the end of the problem; how do you define "succession" ? The conventional definition is "well understood" by Hawking and Einstein but I'm still searching for a better answer ....

By the way, answer to this petty SC problem which has hardly any important significance is E
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2006, 21:06
Am torn between (A) and (E). Will go for (A)

(B): "Being" --> Avoid answer choices with "being" in it at all cost!
(C): What does "they" refer to? Ambiguity
(D): Akward sentence structure
(E): Unsure about the "as has been the case more recently"

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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2006, 13:15
E seems better than C .

as usage here is better than like.
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2013, 11:27
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KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude from the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation

Common words in parallelism. Here's a blog on the topic:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/common-par ... orrection/
What the sentence is trying to say ....
[subject] is not motivated by P, but is motivated by Q
The proper way to condense, dropping the common words, is:
[subject] is motivated not by P, but by Q
It is incorrect to say:
[subject] is not motivated by P, but by Q
Putting the "not" in front of the verb "motivated" implies that the contrast will be between two verbs ---- "not motivated by X, but [some other verb]" Choice (A) makes this mistake.
We need the preposition "by" in both terms of the parallelism --- choices (A) & (B) & (D) all make this mistake. Choice (B) is also in the present progressive, which makes no sense. Here's a blog about the progressive tenses:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-verbs ... ive-tense/

That leaves (C) & (E).There are two big problems with (C).
(a) "like" is used for comparing nouns, and "as" is used for comparing actions, so "like they were more recently" ---- using "like" for an action --- is unacceptable by GMAT standards. Here's a blog about this issue:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... ike-vs-as/
(b) the pronoun "they" is incorrect. The antecedent is the subject of the sentence, "the push", which is singular --- this demands a singular pronoun.

For all these reasons, the only acceptable answer is (E).

Mike
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 05:10
Just to confirm, In the sixteenth century is a verb modifier, right?

In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not motivated by ..............
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 14:51
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swati007 wrote:
Just to confirm, In the sixteenth century is a verb modifier, right?

In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not motivated by ..............

That's right. The prepositional phrase "In the sixteenth century" is a prepositional phrase that is acting as a adverbial phrase, that is to say, a verb modifier, because it answers the adverb-question "when?" See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... d-clauses/

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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 15:26
"not by..but by" construction .Hence E
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2014, 11:36
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In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

Lets break sentence into clauses:

In the sixteenth century,
the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe
The push is subject and was is verb

but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.
Practical matters is the subject and needed is the verb

The problem is Idiom : NOT X BUT Y and : can not be used to separate two clauses

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently - Correct IDIOM not used,
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation : No referent for they
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently - Meaning change and wrong IDIOM
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation - Correct , Not X bu Y is used.
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 11:41
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation -> But motivated by is required
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently
being is used for something that is occurring as we speak. it -> refers to the clause which is wrong
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
they is referring to?
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently
which refers to universe -> Wrong
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation -> Looks correct.
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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04 May 2016, 06:06
KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently being is generally wrong in GMAT
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation 'They' is referring to what?? unclear
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently The sentence should be 'Not motivated by' 'Not by complicated'... Also, Which refers to universe and nature of matter
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation correct parallelism

One question about option 'A'. In general can 'in sixteenth century' be compared with 'LIKE more recently'? or the sentence should use 'AS'
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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04 May 2016, 06:56
KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently being is generally wrong in GMAT
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation 'They' is referring to what?? unclear
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently The sentence should be 'Not motivated by' 'Not by complicated'... Also, Which refers to universe and nature of matter
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation correct parallelism

One question about option 'A'. In general can 'in sixteenth century' be compared with 'LIKE more recently'? or the sentence should use 'AS'

NO, you cannot compare in sixteenth century with either --like more recently-- or --as more recently-- BUT it should be as in more recent times
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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04 May 2016, 10:28
chetan2u wrote:
KC wrote:
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently being is generally wrong in GMAT
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation 'They' is referring to what?? unclear
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently The sentence should be 'Not motivated by' 'Not by complicated'... Also, Which refers to universe and nature of matter
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation correct parallelism

One question about option 'A'. In general can 'in sixteenth century' be compared with 'LIKE more recently'? or the sentence should use 'AS'

NO, you cannot compare in sixteenth century with either --like more recently-- or --as more recently-- BUT it should be as in more recent times

Thanks chetan2u . I got it that to maintain parallelism, we need 'in' after 'as'
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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2016, 22:54
In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude form the positions of the stars.

A. not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation
We need the preposition "by" in both terms of the parallelism - But by
B. being motivated by the practical matters of navigation, instead of complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as it has been recently
Usage of being . Parallelism issue - by preposition is needed
C. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, like they were more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation
Pronoun "they" can't refer to singular antecedent "the push"
D. motivated by the practical matters of navigation, not complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, which was the case more recently
Which refers to universe . Parallelism issue as not is not followed by -"by"
E. motivated not by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, as has been the case more recently, but by the practical matters of navigation

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Re: In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2016, 22:54
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