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# In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2006, 18:51
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.
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30 Jun 2006, 19:13
I am going with D on this one because it has nothing to do with the argument... but was thinking about C as well since you need to assume what statement really means...

Premise: In US, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt.

Conclusion: It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

(A) if people in US don't wear belts and in Europe they do, then it is wearing and not the kind of belt that is an issue
WEAKENS

(B) If drivers in Europe minimize injuries by knowing how to react and in the US they don't, then seat belt kind isn't a problem... it might be the reaction
WEAKENS

(C) If cars are stronger in Europe (passengers are safer?), than in US, then seat belt isn't an issue
WEAKENS

(D) Being involved in an accident, doesn't mean you are going to be injured and how severely the injury is... so this one has nothing to do with the conclusion

(E) US rules/laws are equal to those of Europe and no changes in injuries, then seat belts are not the cause
WEAKENS
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30 Jun 2006, 19:42
u2lover wrote:
I am going with D on this one because it has nothing to do with the argument... but was thinking about C as well since you need to assume what statement really means...

Absolutely!!! Agree it shoult be D. We always need to choose the BEST answer.
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Re: CR: european safety belts [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2006, 21:46
All except D udermine the argument that seat belt design is the deciding factor on lower accident.
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01 Jul 2006, 12:52
Yup. D.
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01 Jul 2006, 22:08
Only (D) strengthens the argument that more stringent seatbely designs need to be implemented. Trick CR.

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Re: CR: european safety belts [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2006, 14:19
sgrover wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

I think the answer should be A
I agree with the exlanation provided for all the options other than A & D.

For A: It states that Europeons are more likely to wear set-belts...this might be due to the Europeon Stringent laws.....Argument is asking US To make their standards stringent as well....thus it supports the argument

For D: It states that the US passengers are more prone to accidents than Europeon counterparts.....since there are more accidents.....there are more chances for it being severe.....hence it weakens the argument....

WELL while typing the explanation.....I got more confussed between A & D.......any comments????????
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08 Jul 2006, 10:45
A - weakens the argument. if people don't use safety belt, may be it's not the safety belt.

B - the training has nothing to do with the belt.

C - If the cars in US are not well built, the fault may be with the cars not the seat belts. But if you are driving a badly built car, you need a better safety belt for sure. Hence the ANSWER.

D - severity has nothing to do with the chances of getting involved with an accident. So weakens the argument.

E - weakens the argument. This shows that even the better safety belts won't help americans.

what is OA?
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08 Jul 2006, 12:00
I'm going with (D) on this.

What does the statistical chance of being involved in an accident has to do with the severity of injuries? Nothing. The argument is about severity of injuries, not the number of accidents. We can possibly have more accidents, but there is still a difference between crash in 20 km/h and 100 km/h.
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11 Jul 2006, 07:40
sgrover, what's the OA?
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Re: CR: european safety belts [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2006, 08:22
P. In the United States laws require a different kind of safety belt

P: Injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe.

C: It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States. W

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers. W

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market. W

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe. S

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents. W
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Re: CR: european safety belts   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2006, 08:22
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