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# In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in

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Intern
Joined: 13 Jun 2005
Posts: 28
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2007, 17:13
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20. In the United States, injuries to passengers involved
in automobile accidents are typically more severe
than in Europe, where laws require a different kind
of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United
States needs to adopt more stringent standards for
safety belt design to protect automobile passengers
better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.

Why is it (D) and not (E)
Director
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 919

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03 Jan 2007, 17:26
E weakens the argument. If the new belts don't make a difference, then the conclusion : " It is clear from this that the United
States needs to adopt more stringent standards for
safety belt design to protect automobile passengers
better." does not hold.

D on the other hand only states that US passengers are more likely to be in an accident, so the new safety belts might actually help prevent injuries.

dred wrote:
20. In the United States, injuries to passengers involved
in automobile accidents are typically more severe
than in Europe, where laws require a different kind
of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United
States needs to adopt more stringent standards for
safety belt design to protect automobile passengers
better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.

Why is it (D) and not (E)
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2006
Posts: 259
Location: California

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03 Jan 2007, 17:46
agre. it should be D.. infact D is just saying the same thing what is said in the argument.. so belts should help..

E is providing evidence that it is not the case as seen in some states..
VP
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
Posts: 1118
Location: India

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03 Jan 2007, 20:01
Clearly D.
E tends to weaken the argument by stating that there is no reduction in severity of accidents although the new design belts were incorporated, directly negating the argument drawn.
_________________

Trying hard to conquer Quant.

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2006
Posts: 349

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07 Jan 2007, 11:29
dred wrote:
20. In the United States, injuries to passengers involved
in automobile accidents are typically more severe
than in Europe, where laws require a different kind
of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United
States needs to adopt more stringent standards for
safety belt design to protect automobile passengers
better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.

Why is it (D) and not (E)

After checking the answer choices, A, B and E are out. Closer inspection of C shows us that if cars for the European mkt tend to be more sturdy than those for the US mkt then itÂ´s the cars rather than the seat belts what helps obtain the result described in the stem. So the answer is D.
Director
Affiliations: FRM Charter holder
Joined: 02 Dec 2006
Posts: 729
Schools: Stanford, Chicago Booth, Babson College

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08 Jan 2007, 02:38
One more D.
08 Jan 2007, 02:38
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