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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state

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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 11:44
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 11:56
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Its 180 degree answer - strengthener. By referring to the reduction in the %age points the argument is implying that the economy of Florida is in trouble.

If D is true - then we are moving forward in the direction of the conclusion. ie more exodus, less number of people retiring in Florida and subsequently troubled economy

If C is true - then it casts a doubt that the arg has confused actual number with %age. The actual number of people retiring has NOT gone down, even though the %age has gone down by couple of points. It does not matter since the economy is unswayed.

heygirl wrote:
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state


heygirl wrote:
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?


The argument is that percentage decline in people retiring to Florida has a negative effect on the business.

Anything that suggests that percentage decrease doesn't matter much would weaken this argument.

D actually says that more retirees LEFT Florida. It tells nothing about the influx of retirees into Florida and actually strengthens the case for impact on business, if at all.

C says that the absolute numbers have increased signifcantly, so even after a percentage decline, the sheer number can ensure that businesses do not suffer from negative impact and hence it weakens the percentage based argument the most. It doesn't matter that share of pie is slightly reduced if the Pie itself has grown dramatically.
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 12:08
Got it! :-)
Thank You guys. I confused numbers and percentages.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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The answer is straightforward C.


In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,last year than such people did ten years ago.
WRONG:- Irrelevant. We are concerned with number of people moving to florida. Distance has nothing to do with the argument.

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago.
WRONG:- Clever trap. "Likely to retire" is not equal to "definitely retired" ... I am likely to be a movie star does not translate to I am a movie star. Likely introduces a concept of uncertainty and thus cannot be taken as a proper answer.

(C)The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
CORRECT:- Earlier in US there were 1000 people who moved from one state of another after retirement. Out of these 50 % came to florida (meaning 500 people came to florida) Now there were 10,000 people move from one state to another and only 10 % comes to florida (meaning 10 % of 10,000=1000 people) that came to florida.
As you can see the % is decreasing but the actual number has gone up (from 500 people to 1000 people ; there is an increase of 500). This weaken the argument. Infant it kills and buries the argument 6 feet deep in the ground.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.
WRONG:- At best This tells one side of a story. It tells us nothing about the number of people coming to florida. At worst this option is just out of scope because our argument is concerned with retired people coming to florida and not about people leaving florida.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state[/quote]
WRONG:- Reverse answer. This strengthen the argument


heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state

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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 13:27
heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state


if more people than ever move to another state when they retire, it must be true that even with the 3% drop, more people are still coming to the state.
C works perfectly.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2016, 10:36
heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state



Premises:
- Of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years.
- many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees,

Conclusion: these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect

Note here what the question says: Of the people moving on retiring, the %age who retired to Florida has decreased. Note that the actual number of people moving to Florida might actually have increased (in case more people have been retiring over the past ten years)
Say 100 people retired in a previous year and 50% i.e. 50 moved to Florida.
Say this year 200 people retired and 47% i.e. 94 moved to Florida
Many more moved to Florida.

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
We are given that actual number of people moving has increased substantially. So this is much like the case discussed above.

Answer (C)
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2016, 22:35
heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state


In case of questions with percentages, we need to keep in mind that small percentage of a very large number can be greater than large percentage of smaller number.
And also that we should never consider change in percentage to be same as change in actual number.

In this case, its given that percentage of people moving to Florida has declined. But if the actual number of people moving from one state to other increases, then a decrease in percentage of that number might still mean greater value than before.
Eg - Earlier 100 people moved - 20% settled in FL = 20 people
Now 500 people moved - 10% settled in FL = 50 people
So net number of people settling in FL has increased.

Option C is therefore right answer.

Whenever an argument talks about inc/dec of percentage or average or ratio, we need to check the actual inc/dec of numbers before deciding anything.

Hope this helps.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2016, 12:04
beyondgmatscore wrote:
heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state


heygirl wrote:
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?


The argument is that percentage decline in people retiring to Florida has a negative effect on the business.

Anything that suggests that percentage decrease doesn't matter much would weaken this argument.

D actually says that more retirees LEFT Florida. It tells nothing about the influx of retirees into Florida and actually strengthens the case for impact on business, if at all.

C says that the absolute numbers have increased significantly, so even after a percentage decline, the sheer number can ensure that businesses do not suffer from negative impact and hence it weakens the percentage based argument the most. It doesn't matter that share of pie is slightly reduced if the Pie itself has grown dramatically.


IMHO that does not confirm people are moving to florida. It might be the case people are moving to other states and none are going to florida. also d implies that number of retirees have already reduced and that did not effect the economy. so it weakens the claim.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2016, 15:44
Okay,

basically the question looks something like this:

A certain amount of people retire in another state. The percentage of those people who retired in in Florida decreased. Conclusion: A negative effect on the economy in Florida is expected.

What is the assumption? -> Florida's economy is expected to grow slower than before, because the number of people retiring in florida declined (because the percentage decreased).

What would weaken this assumption? -> If the fall in percentage has no (or less) effect on the number of people retiring.

(C) says the total number of people who moved to another country increased significantly.
Even if the percentage of those pleople that moved to Florida fell, the number of retirees coming to Florida could still increase because there is a bigger total number of people moving!

Hope that makes sense to you;)
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2017, 16:51
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
Correct answer
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2017, 23:14
PREMISE :- In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years.

Conclusion :- Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees,these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.

weaken :- no effect on business and economy

C :- overall increase leads to no effect on business
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2017, 23:14
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