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# In the United States, of the people who moved from one state

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Intern
Joined: 09 Mar 2009
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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 03:31
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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.
(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.
(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 08:55
D is actually OOS(out of scope) as
here we have to show that local businesses in florida(all other places are OOS here)will thrive even though retired guys are down by %-age point
C says far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists -->hence will continue to flourish
hence C
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Intern
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Posts: 28
Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2010, 07:01
Clearly 'C' is irrelevant.

'D' is tricky and looks attractive but question remains what if most of the people who retires are from Florida itself? Also there is one better option available as explained below.

Answer 'A' most logically weakens the statement by saying that Florida is still a great destination for retiree. There is drop in terms of sheer numbers & percentage as well (of inflow) in last ten years, however there is no negative inflow but highest inflow in numbers than any other state. This inflow will provide supoprt to local businesses in florida than negatively affect those local businesses.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2010, 18:38
Hey All,

While plenty of people have the right idea on this one, a lot of people still sound confused. Let's walk through this step by step, in order to see why C is in fact the correct answer.

Conclusion: Declines will have a negative economic effect on business
Premise: Of retirees who move states, percentage retiring to Florida down 3% over last ten years
Assumption: The percent down means there are fewer people in Florida (it's also worth noting that the answer COULD relate to how many people FROM Florida are staying there when they retire)

(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
Problem: The distance that people travel will not affect how many people retire to Florida. Every state is some distance away from every other state. Florida is not inherently "further away" then other states, even though it's in the corner of the country. A dangerous trap, because if you see Florida as "remote", it may sound like more people might move there.

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
Problem: This would strengthen the argument, if anything, because now more people are going to NC. Remember, we want to WEAKEN the argument that business in Florida will suffer.

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly
over the past ten years.
Answer: Now we have way more people ("increased significantly") moving from one state to another in the past ten years. This means that even if the overall percentage is down 3%, the actual # of people moving to Florida has likely increased.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
Problem: This answer seemed very popular on the boards here, but this actually strengthens the argument again. We want businesses in Florida NOT to suffer. If more people are leaving Florida now than before, that means businesses will have EVEN FEWER customers.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other
state.
Problem: This doesn't change the fact that the percentage is down 3%, which we need to address in the correct answer choice.

Hope that helps!
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 10:23
Igor010 wrote:

We're not interested in any businesses other than THESE particular businesses that cater to retirees. Saying that major business won't be affected doesn't mean that business catering to retirees won't be affected. So, C is out of scope.

What C means is that the major local buisness is by the tourists so the loss by business catering to retirees will not be "noticeable". But it is mentioned in question statement that the economic impact of buisness loss will be "noticeable".
So C is directly contradicting question statement.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 08:43
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.
(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.
(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

The net idea in the argument is: decreasing percentage of retired people who move to Florida weakens local service targeted to these people.
To influence this segment of business there should be decrease in absolute number of customers.
To weaken the argument there should be the proof of increased number of customers.
A. Florida remains the leading destination for retired. (-) no information on actual number
B. People tend to leave Florida. (-) irrelevant
C. There are other market segments. (-) irrelevant
D. Number of migrating retirees has increased. (hold) this opposes relative decrease with absolute increase
E. Number of migrating retirees from Florida has increased. (-) this explains one of the reason for the percentage decrease
Of all statements only D opposes the argument
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 15:03
TommyWallach wrote:
While plenty of people have the right idea on this one, a lot of people still sound confused. Let's walk through this step by step, in order to see why C is in fact the correct answer.

[...]

(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased significantly
over the past ten years.
Answer: Now we have way more people ("increased significantly") moving from one state to another in the past ten years. This means that even if the overall percentage is down 3%, the actual # of people moving to Florida has likely increased.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
Problem: This answer seemed very popular on the boards here, but this actually strengthens the argument again. We want businesses in Florida NOT to suffer. If more people are leaving Florida now than before, that means businesses will have EVEN FEWER customers.

You've somehow jumbled up the answer choices. D was popular on the boards here because D was the right answer; it's the answer choice you've called 'C' above.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 21:49
The logic of the passage hinges on this:

-Local businesses in FL who cater to retirees are negatively affected, because the % of retirees relocating to FL has decreased over past 10 years

Thus, answer C is clearly "out of scope", because the businesses included in this logic are only these catering for the retirees.

On the other hand, answer D clearly attacks the logic of the argument, because if you say "well, even the percentage of the retirees relocating to FL has decreased, the actual number of retirees has increased significantly", you have successfully undermined the weakness in the logic.

Notice also that the number of percentage decrease is 3 %, in other words a quite insignificant number. In Answer D, it says that the total number of relocating retirees has significantly increased. This is a clear "cue" by the GMAT, that the actual number of retirees surpasses the ones lost in 3 % decrease.

Hope this helps.
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Intern
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 23:15
correct answer has to be "D". as the question is to find out options which will weaken the aurgument and option C attempts to weaken the conclusion that cannot be properly deduced... as there could be more business other than for retirees but not as profitable as those meant for retirees hence nothing can be said and it is not explicitly stated in argument or that of conclusion.

so the only way we can weaken is to negate the argument...and as we know less in % does not mean fewer numbers... so there is possiblity that though % has decreased but numbers have increased due to which economy will not suffer..

hence D
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2011, 19:38
After much thought I agree with D.

Let's say retirees went to Florida initially at 10% and that equaled 100 people that went. The next year only 7% of people are coming into Florida but the key take home is 6% of what? Since it has been a SIGNIFICANT rise we can hypothetically say 7% of 10,000 people came the next year. If more people come in and the percentage shrinks it does not necessarily mean local businesses will suffer.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2011, 19:49
In general, comparing percentage and actual number is one of GMAT's favorite tricks for 600-700 level CR questions. If this is your target GMAT score, you should be very comfortable facing these problems.

If you are a "math genius" and find the verbals more difficult, try think in this way:

-if this was a DS question, would you have concluded sufficient a statement that induces a change in actual number of people from a statement that talks about percentage?
-> Obviously, you would conclude the statement "insufficient"

The percentage/actual number trick applies for the verbals and the quants, making it even more important to master.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2011, 07:18
this question is tricky yes. but D may weaken the argument as total number of people has increased.

say 10 yrs back 100 people used to retire , and say 6 % used to settle in florida that means 6 people.
now this year 1000 people retire , and 3 % decrease means 3% settle in florida. that is 30 people.

so the conclusion is destroyed in this case.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2011, 11:11
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(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.INCORRECT - information doesn't say anything about retirees, hence irrelevant
(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years. INCORRECT - these are non retirees, hence doesn't help address affect on businesses that cater to retirees
(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.INCORRECT - this is an irrelevant comparison, how does this tell us anything about what caused the decline
(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years. - CORRECT - breaking down the causality. this could be the alternate cause to the the same effect. i.e. Say in 2001, out of 100 total retirees, 50 retired to florida (50%). Today in 2011, out of 200 total retires, 94 retired to florida (47% - 3% ppt less than before). This is an increase. Hence, authors argument fails miserably.
(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago. - INCORRECT - sort of strengthens the argument
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2012, 19:50
Posted this without noticing the two pages! My logic seems quite redundant and similar to the post above!

The reason why I chose D was because it implies that the total volume of people moving into florida may have increased, regardless of the drop of 3%. Say 100 people moved to another state for retirement 10 years ago, and 10% went to Florida, total = 10 people. But with the information provided by D, the total number of people moving has increased, so lets say 100 became 200. If the number of people who moved to Florida dropped by 3% points to 7%, the total would now b 14, and increase compared to 10 years ago.

Hope my rationale makes sense!
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 08:36

In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
WRONG:- Strengthen the argument.

(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.
WRONG:- Clever trap. The argument is about retiree. Any other subset of people (employed, semi-employed, etc etc) is out of scope

(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.
WRONG:- OUT OF SCOPE. There can be a freaking superman living in Florida for all we care. Our argument is concerned only with businesses that deals with retiree. The ratio is businesses that cater to tourist to the businesses that caters to retiree is irrelevant. Even if there is only one shop that caters to retiree, we have to think about how the decrease in retiree population will affect it. Since this Option talks nothing about whats happening to retiree .. it is out of scope.

(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
CORRECT:- Earlier in US there were 1000 people who moved from one state of another after retirement. Out of these 50 % came to florida (meaning 500 people came to florida) Now there were 10,000 people move from one state to another and only 10 % comes to florida (meaning 10 % of 10,000=1000 people) that came to florida.
As you can see the % is decreasing but the actual number has gone up (from 500 people to 1000 people ; there is an increase of 500). This weaken the argument. Infant it kills and buries the argument 6 feet deep in the ground.

(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.
WRONG:- this is a strengthener

ilhht wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
(B) The number of people who move out of Florida to accept employment in other states has increased over the past ten years.
(C) There are far more local businesses in Florida that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to retirees.
(D) The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
(E) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.

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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2016, 08:36
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