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# In the United States, vacationers account for more than half

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In the United States, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2009, 11:18
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In the United States, vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called “pure aquariums” but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which usually include a “zoo aquarium” of relatively modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo.
(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one.
(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.
(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

==
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2009, 21:28
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In the United States, vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called “pure aquariums” but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which usually include a “zoo aquarium” of relatively modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

Explanation:
---------------------
(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo. ---> This option mentions only local residents. So, discard it.

(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums. ---> Well, I could easily figure out this option as the answer by method of elimination but to provide reasoning as to why this should be correct, I referred Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (The dictionary you can trust - 30 million copies sold ), which states a vacationer as a holidaymaker (a person who is visiting a place on holiday/vacation). So, this option makes sense. If few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums, then people from other places will have to visit these areas that have pure aquariums.

(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one. ---> Inconclusive because we don’t have any idea about the number of zoos and aquariums that were present 10 years back.

(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo. ---> It only mentions likelihood (having a high probability) but not certainty. So, we can discard it.

(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby. ---> It’s comparing irrelevant information (zoo aquariums of zoos & aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby).
---------------------

My choice is option B.

Hope that helps.

Regards,
Technext
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2009, 09:42
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There are few aquariums so this explains why there are more visitors from other cities.

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Re: In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 06:12
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Quote:
In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo
Wrong Wrong direction if local residents (LRs) would be twice as likely to visit A then there would be less of them in Z. The passage supports that there are rather fewer LRs in A.

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
Correct One could conclude that people from other regions will go on vacation to visit A but not Z since they could do it at home. This would explain why the propotion of visitors to LRs is higher in A.

C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1
Wrong Out of scope. We do not care about the number of Z or A.

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.
Wrong This says nothing about the relationship of the number of visitors to LRs in A or Z.

E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

Wrong Size says nothing about the relationship between the number of visitors to LRs.
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Re: In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 21:26
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jgomey wrote:

I fell for C. My reasoning was as follows:

Since more aquariums are built, more aquariums exist compared to Zoos. This explains why more people are visiting aquariums. MY REASONING was clearly flawed, because I did not consider the possibility that more Zoos exist overall, despite the new construction.

B is the correct choice. As indicated earlier, less aquariums exist compared to the number of Zoos, so people must travel in order to visit a "Pure Aquarium."

Actually, notice another thing. You don't have to explain why more people are visiting pure aquariums (actually that may not be true. Overall, the number of people visiting pure aquariums might be lesser). You have to explain why visitors to pure aquariums are 50% vacationers (and other 50% are perhaps local people) while visitors to zoos are only 25% vacationers while other 75% are local people. The number of people visiting the pure aquarium and the number visiting the zoo are not an issue at all. The issue is the different demography: vacationers vs locals.
The reasons can be two:
- Vacationers find pure aquariums attractive for some reason (as B explains - its because there are fewer pure aquariums)
- Local people prefer zoo over pure aquarium (probably because their kids want to visit zoos and often)
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Last edited by VeritasPrepKarishma on 24 Sep 2014, 22:09, edited 1 time in total.

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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2013, 18:57
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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.

C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.

E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

Last edited by Mahmud6 on 23 Aug 2017, 21:57, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In the United States, vacationers account [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2010, 00:49
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I would go for B.
OA?
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2010, 08:07
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Ah, finally got one right.
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2010, 10:04
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"Well, I could easily figure out this option as the answer by method of elimination but to provide reasoning as to why this should be correct, I referred Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (The dictionary you can trust - 30 million copies sold ), which states a vacationer as a holidaymaker (a person who is visiting a place on holiday/vacation). So, this option makes sense. If few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums, then people from other places will have to visit these areas that have pure aquariums."

don't really understand the basis for the highlighted text..simple question why would they HAVE TO VISIT??
to some ve to extent i would have to agree with D
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2011, 21:50
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You need to find a reason as to why more vacationers are visiting pure aquariums over zoos. B argues this by stating that most cities have zoos but very few have aquariums. Therefore people are more likely to be local at their zoo and be a visiting vacationer at an aquarium.

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Re: In the United States, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2013, 04:12
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One little helpful trick here is to try and figure out an explanation even before you read the options.

Why would there be many more tourists to aquariums than to zoos? maybe because there are more zoos for the locals to visit.

If a family has one aquarium close to home and two zoos it makes sense for them to visit the aquarium one time a year, and each of the two zoos one time. Resulting in a bigger number of locals visiting zoos.

Or another explanation could be that the zoo changes animals more often so it makes more sense for locals to go visit more often.

If you scan the options and find one that s coherent with your train of thoughts (like in this case) then you are in a good spot.
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Re: In the United States, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 05:55
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TheNona wrote:
Hmmmmmmmmmm ... I still believe that B is out of scope . Can any body clarify more why B in particular ? Thanks in advance

Hi TheNona,

In the United States, vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called “pure aquariums” but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which usually include a “zoo aquarium” of relatively modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo.
(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one.
(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.
(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

The stimulus says that Vacations account of > 50% (lets say 50) of all visitors at "aquariums", this implies that the rest i.e. < 50% (50) are locals. But these same visitors account for < 25% (50) of all visitors ($$\frac{25* 50}{100}$$= 200) at) "Zoos"; this would imply that >75% (200 - 25 = 175) are locals.

If there must be more zoos than pure aquariums, then people from other areas (vacationers) will visit the places which are not available to them in their local areas.

This is a tough question and it could be difficult to answer it correctly under 2 minutes.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: In the United States, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2017, 23:04
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nitya34 wrote:
In the United States, vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called “pure aquariums” but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which usually include a “zoo aquarium” of relatively modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo.
(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one.
(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.
(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

==

Bumping for further discussion.

I still think that D is the best contender of all.

The fight here is between B and D.

(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.

Okay, this could have been the answer, and I agree that its a contender for sure. But where it goes wrong is that it assumes a lot. We are talking about the percentage of people who visit zoos and pure aquariums. While it can be contested that because there are less pure aquariums than there are zoos, there are going to be a greater proportion of vacationers that go to pure aquariums, I still think it really does not close the gap as good as D does.

(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.

This is what I chose. Here's what I think. There are vacationers who visit only zoos, only pure aquariums, and both. Now we know for sure that at least a few vacationers visit only pure aquarium, and the same is the case with only zoos. Now read the option D. It means that at least a few people who do not visit the zoo for sure visit the aquarium, but people who visit the zoo also visit the aquariums. This adds to the people visiting the aquariums.

Experts please chip in. And we do not know the source of the question. Please also comment on the quality of this question.
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2009, 19:24
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A bit tricky but here goes my explanation:

It's a numbers based question - so let's say there are 50 visitors to pure aquariums and 50 visitors to zoo aquariums. The argument says that around 30 visitors to pure aquariums are vacationers where as around 10 visitors to zoo aquariums are vacationers. How to explain this discrepancy ?

(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo.
Argument is about vacationers/tourists - not locals : Rule out
(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
Visiting metropolitan/urban areas is not mentioned in the argument - OOS
(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one.
So this essentially means there are more pure aquariums than zoo aquariums. Doesn't help to understand why more tourists are going to PA's as opposed to ZA's.
(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.
Compelling evidence : If a visitor visits a ZA and is prompted to go to a PA - he adds to the existing traffic of tourists to PA. So this contributes to more tourist traffic to PA, explaining the paradox.
(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.
OOS - the size of aquariums is irrelevant.

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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2009, 20:51
agree with D.
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2009, 23:09
Sorry but its not D
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Re: CR-Zoo Aquariums--Tricky for me [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2009, 21:50
@Technext
I Salute you
sometimes I wonder how much patience you have (while explaining CR Qs)
Yr Explanations are wonderful. I am yet to read it fully(As i am weak in logic/reasoning) but talking in general

+1 for you

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In the United States, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 20:40
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In the United States, vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called “pure aquariums” but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which usually include a “zoo aquarium” of relatively modest scope.
Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?
(A) In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo.
(B) Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few large metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
(C) Over the last ten years, newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of two to one.
(D) People who visit a zoo in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit a zoo.
(E) The zoo aquariums of zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.
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Re: In the United States, vacationers account [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2010, 17:54
very good question and i have to read the question and choices twice
My pic is B - if only few metros will have pure aquariums then visitors who are coming would like to see those rather than seeing zoo that is also present in there area as well
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Re: In the United States, vacationers account [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2010, 18:06
Good....OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: In the United States, vacationers account   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2010, 18:06

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