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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an

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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 01:41
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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers


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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 04:21
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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling
:- They had to enjoy is not parallel to the rest of the entities

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling
same as A

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling
correct. Expected to dress elegantly, expected to carry on..., expected to enjoy...

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least
"to be carry on" is awkward and not correctly used...it should be "to carry on"

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers
here meaning completely changes

Answer C
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 04:38
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A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling - parallelism error

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling - was used for plural and parallelism error

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least - to be doesn't go well with carry on ... and enjoy gambling

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 23:09
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Bunuel wrote:
In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers


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The correct answer is (C). This is the POE that I followed:

The key to the answer was to express that they need to enjoy gambling at least.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling : Here the "not least" phrase describes "them"

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling : Verb contradiction. Need plural form of verb

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling : Perfect describes the enjoyment of gambling

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least : This means that they need to do those all the three things at least

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers : Doesent make much sense introducing 3 nouns.
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 23:41
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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling :-incorrect, dress elegantly and carry on........ are not parallel to they had to enjoy. First two items in list are verbs and third one is a clause

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling :-Same as A also all need a plural helping verb

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling :-list is parallel and no SV error

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least :- first item in list is adverb, second verb and third present participle. list is not parallel

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers :- meaning is different
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 23:46
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All those is the main subject of the sentence. So it must have a Plural verb. For this reason Option B is incorrect.

The questionable portion is a list of things that the subjects are "expected to" do. So the must follow same grammatical structure, which is simple form of verb.
Only C maintain this structure. So this is the correct answer.

In B, the last element is a clause and, in E, it is adjective. We need simple form of verb here.

In D, the placement of "at least" changes the meaning of the sentence.
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2020, 03:32
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In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.


POE:
Eliminate (B) on the basis of 'was'
Now, look for parallelism. Eliminate (A) 'They had' is wrong.
Eliminate (D) & (E). 'to be' is making them un-parallel.

A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling - CORRECT

D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least

E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2020, 01:33

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.


A. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The first two items in the sentence's list are non-conjugated verbs (to dress, carry on), but the last item is a clause (they had to enjoy).

What helps us identify this question as a Parallelism question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

* A list of 3 items or more, separated by commas and and/or before the last item.

In a list of 3 or more items, all the items should be the same part of speech (all nouns, all verbs, or all adjectives).

The original sentence is also redundant because the clause they had to repeats the same idea already expressed with the words were expected to.



B. was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the Parallelism mistake in the original question. The first two items in the sentence's list are non-conjugated verbs (to dress, carry on), but the last item is a clause they had to enjoy. The original sentence is also redundant because the clause they had to repeats the same idea already expressed with the words were expected to.

In addition, by changing were to was, this answer choice introduces a new Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular verb was does not agree with the plural subject of the original sentence those who frequented a Gentleman's club.



C. were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling

This answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question and also eliminates the redundancy, by changing the clause they had to enjoy to the non-conjugated to V verb [to] enjoy.


D. were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question, by changing the list mixing two verbs (to dress, to carry on) and a clause (they had to enjoy) to a list of verbs only (to be elegantly dressed; carry on; enjoy gambling), it is stylistically flawed and changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The phrase were expected to be elegantly dressed in the corrected sentence is wordier than the original expected to dress elegantly, and is also in the passive form. At least does not have the same meaning as not least.



E. were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed and creates an unnecessary meaning change.

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question, by changing the list mixing two verbs (to dress, to carry on) and a clause (they had to enjoy) to a list of nouns (dressers, conversationalists, gamblers), it creates a new stylistic mistake and meaning change by rephrasing enjoy gambling to enjoyable gamblers.

They had to enjoy gambling means that the gentlemen had to enjoy this activity. The corrected sentence's [to be]... enjoyable gamblers, not only sounds awkward, but also illogically implies that other people had to enjoy the gentlemen gamblers.

In addition, this answer choice is stylistically flawed. The phrase were expected to be elegant dressers in is wordier than the original expected to dress elegantly, and is also in the passive form.

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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2020, 07:51
Although the correct ans is C but its structure is not correct.
In Option C their is no need to put and as non essential item.
I believe that correct structure would be
were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and ,not least, enjoy gambling
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Re: In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an   [#permalink] 10 May 2020, 07:51

In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an

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