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# In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric

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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2015, 08:39
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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

A. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904
B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops
C. Versailles treaty demanded that the numbers of the German army's troops be seven times less than in 1904; doing so, in essence, would restrict its size to no more than 100,000 troops
D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops
E. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army and demanded that, numbering no more than 100,000 troops, they be seven times smaller than in 1904

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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 22:27
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nphatak wrote:
reto wrote:
In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

A. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904
B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops
C. Versailles treaty demanded that the numbers of the German army's troops be seven times less than in 1904; doing so, in essence, would restrict its size to no more than 100,000 troops
D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops
E. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army and demanded that, numbering no more than 100,000 troops, they be seven times smaller than in 1904

Could you please post the OE. I am confused between A and D.

Here you are:

A. Wrong modifier. "In essence" should appear next to what it modifies (the terms of the versailles treaty.
B. Subjunctive Rule!
C. Numbers should idiomatically be described by "smaller"
D. Corrects the ambiguity in the original Sentence by changing the modifier demanding into a conjugated verb demanded, making it clear that it refers to the terms of the treaty of Versailles.
E. "While this answer choice corrects the original ambiguity, it is illogical. The plural pronoun they can only refer to plural noun. However, because numbering no more than 100,000 troops is between commas, the only plural noun in the main clause is terms. It is illogical to say that the terms demanded that the terms be smaller. "
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 15:14
reto wrote:
In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

A. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904
B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops
C. Versailles treaty demanded that the numbers of the German army's troops be seven times less than in 1904; doing so, in essence, would restrict its size to no more than 100,000 troops
D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops
E. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army and demanded that, numbering no more than 100,000 troops, they be seven times smaller than in 1904

Could you please post the OE. I am confused between A and D.
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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2015, 01:02
1
1
Here we go -

The fight is between option A and Option D, rest of the options are easy to eliminate

Actually the statement is talking about a past event.

Option A - 1.) demanding that its............ is a present participle.
2.) restricted is a past tense verb(PTV) and PTV and present participle can't be paralleled. Hence parallelism error
3.) Treaty of Versailles is anytime preferred and more concise that Versailles Treaty. Consider the analogy - Boston Soldiers and Soldiers of Boston.

Option B - Tense error

Option C - unnecessary wordy ----- pronoun error (its)

Option D - Correct

option E - Awkward construction - pronoun error(they)
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2016, 00:02
After 1 year !!

Hi Reto@,

Thanks for the explanation . Can you please explain subjective rule in option 2 .

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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2016, 00:12
1
D: treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops

IMO the last part does not unequivocally modify its numbers in the wake of WWI; it can also modify the numbers in 1904. Thus D is ambiguity.

tks,
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 06:59
reto wrote:
In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

A. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904
B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops
C. Versailles treaty demanded that the numbers of the German army's troops be seven times less than in 1904; doing so, in essence, would restrict its size to no more than 100,000 troops
D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops
E. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army and demanded that, numbering no more than 100,000 troops, they be seven times smaller than in 1904

I know b is wrong due to tense error but isn't option B a subjunctive structure and then to use be form after that sounds right. I was confused between B and D.
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 08:24
jamescath wrote:

I know b is wrong due to tense error but isn't option B a subjunctive structure and then to use be form after that sounds right. I was confused between B and D.

I think that it would change the meaning slightly. Subjunctive is also used to express wishes, hypotheticals and commands (hence demands might seem appropriate). But demanded is here more used descriptively, to better explain consequences of the main thing the treaty did: restrict the army size. Therefore D is more precise.

By the way, the usage of hyphen confused me in D
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 10:13
kivalo wrote:
jamescath wrote:

I know b is wrong due to tense error but isn't option B a subjunctive structure and then to use be form after that sounds right. I was confused between B and D.

I think that it would change the meaning slightly. Subjunctive is also used to express wishes, hypotheticals and commands (hence demands might seem appropriate). But demanded is here more used descriptively, to better explain consequences of the main thing the treaty did: restrict the army size. Therefore D is more precise.

By the way, the usage of hyphen confused me in D

Yea I guess you're right thanks
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2017, 06:50
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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

Elimination round 1

A. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army to no more than 100,000 troops, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904
B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops
C. Versailles treaty demanded that the numbers of the German army's troops be seven times less than in 1904; doing so, in essence, would restrict its size to no more than 100,000 troops
D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops
E. Versailles treaty restricted the size of the German army and demanded that, numbering no more than 100,000 troops, they be seven times smaller than in 1904

Versatile's treaty is a possessive modifier. "Terms" is modifying Versailles which is wrong. It should modify treaty. So it should be treaty of Versailles. "Terms" of the "Treaty" of the Versailles. Modifier touch rule.

Elimination round 2

B. treaty of Versailles demanded in essence that the German army will be seven times smaller than in 1904 and restricted its number to no more than 100,000 troops

D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops

Meaning: How can a treaty demand? It is a signed contract meaning the decision has been already taken. So it restricts now.

Hence D
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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Jan 2018, 09:12
Just want to understand what makes the right answer right and the wrong answers wrong.

Originally posted by CharliePGE on 19 Jan 2018, 17:41.
Last edited by CharliePGE on 25 Jan 2018, 09:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2018, 11:52
Hi,

Had a doubt in option D.

D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops

As German army serves as a possessive noun for size, I felt there is no antecedent for "its" and hence thought this option to be wrong. What is the mistake I'm committing here?
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2018, 14:17
In the wake of WWI, the terms of the X
restricted the size of the german army to Y, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

Isn't the Verb+ing - "demanding" an adverbial modifier modifying the restriction of the size of german army. Why is A incorrect.

In D : Restricted and demanded becomes parallel ( giving the idea that these are two separate events - not linked to each other - which is not the case here)

The restriction was qualified as demand :
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 05:49
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Novice90 wrote:
Hi,

Had a doubt in option D.

D. treaty of Versailles restricted the German army's size and, in essence, demanded that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904 - no more than 100,000 troops

As German army serves as a possessive noun for size, I felt there is no antecedent for "its" and hence thought this option to be wrong. What is the mistake I'm committing here?

A possessive pronoun can refer to a possessive noun (or a personal noun). The problem is with a personal pronoun referring to a possessive noun.
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 06:10
Leo8 wrote:
In the wake of WWI, the terms of the X
restricted the size of the german army to Y, in essence demanding that its numbers be seven times smaller than in 1904.

Isn't the Verb+ing - "demanding" an adverbial modifier modifying the restriction of the size of german army. Why is A incorrect.

In D : Restricted and demanded becomes parallel ( giving the idea that these are two separate events - not linked to each other - which is not the case here)

The restriction was qualified as demand :

Yes, the participle is a better choice in this case - there is no solid reason to select D over A.
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In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2019, 09:33
Is C wrong because it mentions "numbers" instead of "number"...as "the number" is meant to reflect "seven times"
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Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2019, 09:25
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aarondeepakjohn wrote:
Is C wrong because it mentions "numbers" instead of "number"...as "the number" is meant to reflect "seven times"

hi, yes you are right !
the phrase
1) the number's of is always INCORRECT on gmat
2 ) the number of takes singular verb
3 ) A number of takes a plural verb

hope it helps
Re: In the wake of World War I, the terms of the Versailles treaty restric   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2019, 09:25
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