GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Jul 2018, 14:25

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y)

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
Top Contributor
4 KUDOS received
CEO
CEO
User avatar
P
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 2633
Location: Canada
In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 16 Apr 2018, 12:59
4
Top Contributor
metallicafan wrote:
In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x,y) such that \(2x + 3y\leq{6}\). Is the point (r,s) in region R?

(1) \(3r + 2s = 6\)
(2) \(r\leq{3}\) and \(s\leq{2}\)


Target question: Is the point (r, s) in region R?

Given: Region R consists of all the points (x,y) such that 2x + 3y <6
So, what does Region R look like?
To find out, let's first graph the EQUATION, 2x + 3y = 6
Image

Since Region R is described as an INEQUALITY, we can choose any point on the coordinate plane to test whether or not it is in Region R. An easy point to test is (0,0).
So, does x=0 and y=0 satisfy the inequality 2x + 3y <6? YES
2(0) + (3)(0) is less than or equal to 6.
So, the point (0,0) is in Region R. More importantly, EVERY POINT on the same side of the line will also be in Region R.
Image

Statement 1: 3r + 2s = 6
The target question refers to the point (r, s)
In other words, the x-coordinate is r and the y-coordinate is s.
So, all of the points (r, s) that satisfy the above equation can be found on the line 3x + 2y = 6
In other words, statement 1 tells us that the point (r,s) lies somewhere on the red line below.
Image
As you can see, some points are in Region R, and some points are not in Region R
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: r < 3 and s < 2
There are many points that satisfy this condition.
In fact, the point (r,s) can be ANYWHERE inside the red box shown below.
Image
As you can see, some points are in Region R, and some points are not in Region R
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statements 1 and 2 combined
When we combine the statements, we are saying that the point (r,s) is on the red line (2x + 3y = 6) AND inside the red box.
Image

As you can see by the two blue points below, it's possible to have a point in Region R, and it's possible to have a point not in Region R
Image

Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT

Answer =

Cheers,
Brent
_________________

Brent Hanneson – Founder of gmatprepnow.com

Image


Originally posted by GMATPrepNow on 01 Aug 2016, 07:58.
Last edited by GMATPrepNow on 16 Apr 2018, 12:59, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 08 May 2016
Posts: 30
Location: United States
WE: Project Management (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Nov 2016, 13:48
rajarams wrote:
I tried the graph method and was right in plotting it out.

Could someone help me understand why
"(2) : r<=3 & s<=2. Again easy to see from the graph even with that constraint, the point (r,s) may lie above or below the line in question"

From the graph, we see that any point with r<=3 and s<=2 will definitely lie under the blue line. Where am I going wrong here?

I understand that if we were to substitute r and s as 3 and 2 in the original equation,we would get the solution though. Just wanted to know what am I doing wrong here


I'm having the same difficulty, in understanding why (2) is insufficient. I don't understand why any point where r<=3 and s<=2 will be above the line in question :/

Someone please help
_________________

What's your totem?

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 08 May 2016
Posts: 30
Location: United States
WE: Project Management (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Nov 2016, 13:51
shrouded1 wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) such that \(2x + 3y =< 6\) . Is the point (r,s) in region R?

(1) \(3r + 2s = 6\)
(2) \(r=< 3\) and \(s=< 2\)


Ok, the easiest way to solve this is to visualize the graph with the lines plotted on it.
2x+3y<=6, is the region below the line with X-intercept 3 and Y-intercept 2. We know it is that region, because (0,0) lies below the line and it satisfies the inequality. And all points on one side of the line satisfy the same sign of inequality. (BLUE LINE)

Image

(1) : The line 3r+2s=6 (PURPLE LINE) represents the second line shown in the figure. It can be above or below the other line. So insufficient.
(2) : r<=3 & s<=2. Again easy to see from the graph even with that constraint, the point (r,s) may lie above or below the line in question

(1+2) : the two conditions together, only take a section of the 3r+2s=6 line as a solution, but again even with r<=3, s<=2, its not sufficient to keep solutions below the 2x + 3y =< 6 line


Answer is (e)

In questions like these, once you are comfortable with graphs, you can solve in less than 30 seconds fairly easily.
Let me know if the method isn't clear


Shrouded1, I'm unable to see why your below statement holds good:
(2) : r<=3 & s<=2. Again easy to see from the graph even with that constraint, the point (r,s) may lie above or below the line in question

Can you please provide an example for a point to show that (2) is insufficient?
_________________

What's your totem?

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Nov 2016
Posts: 69
Concentration: Technology, Operations
Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Mar 2017, 18:52
Bunuel wrote:

So I'd say the best way for this question would be to try boundary values.

Q: is \(2r+3s\leq{6}\)?

(1) \(3r + 2s = 6\) --> very easy to see that this statement is not sufficient:
If \(r=2\) and \(s=0\) then \(2r+3s=4<{6}\), so the answer is YES;
If \(r=0\) and \(s=3\) then \(2r+3s=9>6\), so the answer is NO.
Not sufficient.

(2) \(r\leq{3}\) and \(s\leq{2}\) --> also very easy to see that this statement is not sufficient:
If \(r=0\) and \(s=0\) then \(2r+3s=0<{6}\), so the answer is YES;
If \(r=3\) and \(s=2\) then \(2r+3s=12>6\), so the answer is NO.
Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) We already have an example for YES answer in (1) which valid for combined statements:
If \(r=2<3\) and \(s=0<2\) then \(2r+3s=4<{6}\), so the answer is YES;
To get NO answer try max possible value of \(s\), which is \(s=2\), then from (1) \(r=\frac{2}{3}<3\) --> \(2r+3s=\frac{4}{3}+6>6\), so the answer is NO.
Not sufficient.

Answer: E.


Very good answer, very clear. To anyone else having issue with this problem, it may be because you are not understanding the question itself (like me). The question gives you a formula and asks if (r,s) can fit inside the formula. Basically, the question is asking you if you can replace (x,y) with (r,s) without any problems.

The first statement gives a new formula so that you can create your own (r,s). You are free to create any (r,s) as long as it fits this statement 1 formula. Does every (r,s) from statement 1 fit inside the main question formula? Not always. If you set (r,s) to (0,3) you can fit inside the statement 1 formula, but it does not fit into the original question formula. However, if you set (r,s) to (2,0) then it will fit in both the statement 1 formula and the original question. Since it (r,s) created by statement 1 formula can either fit or not fit in the main question formula, then statement 1 is insufficient.

The second statement is similar to the first statement, except you don't have to fit it in the formula. You just have to check for all r<=3, and s<=3. You can actually use the same points from statement 1 which are (2,0) and (0,3) to prove that this statement 2 is insufficient.

What about both? Well since (2,0) and (0,3) fit in both statements, you've already checked both. It is possible for both statements together to either fit or not fit in the main question. Thus both statements even combined are not sufficient, so answer is E. Hard question if you do not work with formulas often!
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Dec 2010
Posts: 23
In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2017, 10:27
This is a tricky question

1) Given an equation of region 2x +3y ≤ 6 i.e region R
2) Asking if point (r,s) lies in region R?

rephrasing the given:

3y ≤ 6 - 2x
y ≤ -2/3x + 2 ---> Slope = -2/3

y interecept = 2
x interecept = 3

Statement 1) This is an equation of a line. If we prove that this line passes within the region R than the point (r,s) on the line will fall under region R

3r + 2s = 6
2s = 6 - 3r
s = -3/2r + 3 ---> Slope = -3/2

y intercept = 3
x intercept = 2

Since the slope of statement 1 is greater than given for the region R, the line 3r+2s =6 will be steeper, therefore it will not completely fall under region R. Thus value of point (r,s) on line (3r+2s =6) can fall out side Region R -- (Not Sufficient)


Statement 2)

r ≤ 3 and s ≤ 2

In order for point (r,s) to be in the region of R, it should satisfy the equation (y ≤ -2/3x + 2)
case a: r=2 and s= 3, 3 ≤ -4/3 + 2 -- {NO}
case b: r=1 and s =0 , 0 ≤ -2/3 + 2 -- {YES}

Since we get a YES and NO for different values of r and s, therefore, not sufficient

Answer is E
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 May 2018
Posts: 3
Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2018, 23:38
As per my understanding, can we not compare the slopes of all the lines involved and get to a conclusion?
Please let me know if I'm correct with this approach.
Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 47037
Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2018, 23:43
dipanjan93 wrote:
As per my understanding, can we not compare the slopes of all the lines involved and get to a conclusion?
Please let me know if I'm correct with this approach.


It's not clear what you mean by "compare the slopes of all the lines involved..." but regardless, the answer is NO because the correct answer to this question is E. I hope reading previous three pages of the discussion would clear your doubts.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Re: In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y)   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2018, 23:43

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 48 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the xy-plane, region R consists of all the points (x, y)

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.