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in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of

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Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
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in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2009, 09:51
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50% (00:45) correct 50% (01:03) wrong based on 2 sessions

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in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of consumption that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain that elevate the minimum level ingestion the brain needs for satiation

b) that contained too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
c) that has a content of too much of unhealthy food, this intake will initiate changes in the brain
d) containing too much unhealthy food, their intake of this food will initiate changes in the brain
e) containing too much unhealthy food, so that their intake of this food cause changes to occur in the brain

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Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 26

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 1

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09 Sep 2009, 09:00
As per the choice D, can someone explain how "pattern of consumption" be "containing" unhealthy food?

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Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
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Location: LA

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09 Sep 2009, 09:26
Why not B? or What is wrong with B?
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Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2007
Posts: 72

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09 Sep 2009, 12:07
IMO A

in B contained is not the wright as it takes it to the past tense.
in D the "pattern of Consumption containing " doesn't seems to be right.

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Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 808

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WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)

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21 Sep 2009, 03:08
3
KUDOS
IMO D
Quote:
in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of consumption that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain that elevate the minimum level ingestion the brain needs for satiation

a) that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
- 'will contain' is incorrect here; we need present tense not future tense
b) that contained too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
- 'contained' should be in present tense.
- 'this' is required before the 'food', for it to refer to the unhealthy food.

c) that has a content of too much of unhealthy food, this intake will initiate changes in the brain
- 'this intake' has no antecedent
- intake of 'this food' is correct usage as 'this food' refers back to the unhealthy food.

d) containing too much unhealthy food, their intake of this food will initiate changes in the brain
- correct.
e) containing too much unhealthy food, so that their intake of this food cause changes to occur in the brain
- if X <present>, Y will ('will' is required) == if..then clause
- (that elevate..) is misplaced modifier, as it needs to modify the changes in brain and not the brain.

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Manager
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21 Sep 2009, 05:59
1
KUDOS
in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of consumption that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain that elevate the minimum level ingestion the brain needs for satiation
a)that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
FUTURE TENSE "WILL CONTAIN" IS INCORRECT SINCE VERB IS PRESENT TENSE "CONTINUE"..OUT
b) that contained too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
PAST TENSE "CONTAINED" IS INCORRECT SINCE VERB IS PRESENT TENSE "CONTINUE"..OUT
c) that has a content of too much of unhealthy food, this intake will initiate changes in the brain
"HAS A CONTENT" IS WORDY
"THIS" HAS NO REFERRANT ..OUT
d) containing too much unhealthy food, their intake of this food will initiate changes in the brain
CORRECT
e) containing too much unhealthy food, so that their intake of this food cause changes to occur in the brain
"IF..SO THAT " IS INCORRECT SENTENCE STRUCTURE....IF THEN(EXPLICIT OR SILENT) SHOULD BE USED..OUT

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BSchool Forum Moderator
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25 Feb 2010, 17:20
Its D

explanation given is good thanku people

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Senior Manager
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26 Feb 2010, 05:47
IMO = D because the sentence must be in present tense.

Sudeep - nice response. kudos budy.

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Manager
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04 Mar 2010, 03:48
Yup, i think its D.
E is close but the 'so that' is not required.
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Last edited by sidhu4u on 04 Mar 2010, 11:27, edited 1 time in total.

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Manager
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04 Mar 2010, 04:06
this food is awkward bu d is only choice left

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Senior Manager
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04 Mar 2010, 11:58
in time and in some cases, if people continue a pattern of consumption that will contain too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain that elevate the minimum level ingestion the brain needs for satiation

b) that contained too much unhealthy food, their food intake will initiate changes in the brain
c) that has a content of too much of unhealthy food, this intake will initiate changes in the brain
d) containing too much unhealthy food, their intake of this food will initiate changes in the brain
e) containing too much unhealthy food, so that their intake of this food cause changes to occur in the brain

It is not their in take of food that will initiate the brain changes, it is their consumption of the unhealthy food which will cause this. And this is the main difference that eliminates A, B.

so this food in D clearly refers to unhealthy food so it should win.

Take Way :

References to the proper antecedent to convey the correct meaning is as important as grammatical construction of the sentence.

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 13

Re: Parallelism   [#permalink] 04 Mar 2010, 11:58
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