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# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 00:33
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 03 Sep 2015, 11:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2011, 03:38
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

So first of all it does not sound good . If it were like

"enzymes are trying...." or like then it would have need our consideration. SO A, B are wrong and we have to use attempt.

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant (Wordy as attempt to try to...its like saying repeating again )
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it (Wordy)
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

E is clear winner and it has to be the OA.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2012, 01:55
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(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2013, 23:36
Doing vs noun, trying, attempt
Doing is used when creator of doing thi ro rang
Doing is used when there is noun,
My learning is good.

Noun is used to refer to general action. Posseive +noun is used to show the creator of action because noun is general.
if noun exist (attempt) never use possessive+doing.
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species (og problem)

pls comment
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2013, 02:31
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Expert's post
Hi thangvietnam,

In the question you mentioned correct answer is (C)

Option (B) has meaning error-- As per the sentence the imposition is on

1) Truck
2) Bus Engine's polution

Actually the imposition is on pollution by engines of both truck and bus, making (B) incorrect

Both of the modified options below are correct

(B) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting

Hope it helps.

Vercules
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2013, 09:53
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2013, 10:17
Mission2012 wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Hi Experts,

the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

Hi there,

You are correct in saying that the plural verb "are" indicates that "that" refers to enzymes. The meaning is that dioxin induces something: what does it induce? It induces the production of enzymes. These enzymes are the organism's attempt to metabolize the chemical or render it harmless. I agree that it would be more logical to infer that the production of the enzymes should be the entity being modified, but from the intended meaning of the sentence, it is clear that "that are" refers to enzymes since this part is not underlined.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 14:12
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

Meaning is key here. What is the intended meaning of the author? To tell us that the body produces something specific with the intent to protect from dioxin.

Since we have the possesive "organism's", we need to introduce our underlined part with a word that works with monkey's. "trying to/that" simply does not work. A/B gone.

C) "attempt to try to metabolize" is just weird and wordy. The "to try to" is reduntant, we already get the point if we omit the "to try". C is a contender, but a weak one. "such" at the end is superflous.

D) "attempt to try and metabolize" sounds even worse than C because and somehow implies a parallel structure, something that doesn't make sense in the context. D is gone.

E) "attempt to metabolize" is clear and concise. The chemical irritant implicitly refers to the dioxin, since "chemical irritant" acts as a pronoun for dioxin. E is correct
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2014, 13:18
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant[/quote]

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now[/quote]

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2014, 02:43
LaxmiReddy wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
Quote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

What he means to say is, since the sentence consists of "...organism's", the next word following "organism's" should be a noun. Here, "trying" is not a noun, but "attempt" is. Hope that is clear.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2015, 00:58
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

ANS - OA is E .

Lets eliminate incorrect option .

A. organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .

B. organism’s trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .
" Trying " will always take "to"
this answer has 2 mistakes .

C. organism’s attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant .
It is redundant and awkward . either it should be attempt to metabolize or try to metabolize.
both "try and attempt " at a same time redunt .

D. organism’s attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it .
Incorrect idomatic . To try and metabolize is wrong . to try to is right .

E. organism’s attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Correct .
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2015, 12:17
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Received a PM to clarify the reference of 'it' in this sentence.

'It' in choices A & D should logically refer to 'organism's' but grammatically, this reference is not possible because 'it' is a pronoun that can only refer to a noun. However, 'organism's' is not a noun. It functions as an adjective. It modifies 'attempt'. Hence, pronoun 'it' cannot refer to 'organism's'. These two choices can be eliminated on this incorrect pronoun reference.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

shouldn't the article be 'a' rather than 'the' in the correct version? We are not referring to a particular chemical irritant
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2015, 08:34
b2bt wrote:
shouldn't the article be 'a' rather than 'the' in the correct version? We are not referring to a particular chemical irritant

"a" and "the", which are called "articles" are not tested on GMAT. So, we should not base our decision based on the article.

Also, the original sentence uses "the" and so, we should change it only when it is absolutely essential.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 12:04
Hi,

Can somebody tell me whether organism's used here is singular or plural?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 11:24
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Eliminate A and B. The "-ing" form of a verb can be used as a noun (e.g. running is her favorite sport), but it is often awkward, particularly when used with a possessive, as in this case.

Eliminate C and D for redundancy: attempt to try = redundant.

E it is.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2016, 10:14
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Dear Experts,

Can "it" in option B refer to organism?

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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2017, 17:03
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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08 May 2017, 15:55
Hi,
What wrong with"it" in A
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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09 May 2017, 12:51
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What is the singular noun the pronoun 'it' stands for? There is no eligible referent. That is the problem.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 11:44
LaxmiReddy wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
Quote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now

Can someone please explain what does this sentence mean??Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

I answered this question incorrectly the first time. Whenever a present participle has a noun form ("trying" --> "attempt/try"), the noun form should be used instead of the present participle. "Attempt to try" is redundant and thus incorrect. So E is the answer.
Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species   [#permalink] 14 May 2017, 11:44

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