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# Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing

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Senior SC Moderator
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Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2019, 23:56
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (01:54) correct 64% (01:43) wrong based on 514 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 203: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

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Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2019, 04:55
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2
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

Meaning: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals into higher tax brackets.

When I read through the answer choices, I felt the contest was between A and D. Why? My reason is because of the usage of that to emphasize taxes, in A, and increase, in D. This implies that the prepositional phrase in A and the subordinate clause in D modify taxes and increase respectively. Without this emphasis with a relative pronouns that result in A and that results in D, one might think that the subordinate clauses introduced by because in B and C, and as in option E present the cause of the preceding clauses and this is not the case. Therefore we can safely eliminate B, C, and E based on this.

In addition, I later found out that the structure: because of + noun + action (verbing) is not acceptable on the GMAT. Because of as a compound preposition is expected to take a noun; this noun can be a verbing but not a noun + verbing. The whole idea is that the verbing should not suggest that the noun after the compound preposition is performing an action. For example: Because of the Prime Minister going to Paris, this week's cabinet meeting is rescheduled. This sentence is incorrect on the GMAT because of the verbing going after the noun the Prime Minister. This information can be accessed here: https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-idiom-because-vs-because-of/ Hence option A is incorrect. I read a similar post on the same magoosh webpage that suggested a similar restriction on with on the GMAT a while back.

The bottom line for me is that this is an excellent question in my view as it has helped me to understand another very important requirement on the GMAT. Kudos Sir generis I'm very grateful. I thought I will share this information with the community although I got it belated and hence could not post before the OA was revealed. I didn't know how best to explain the reason why B is incorrect, but somehow, I felt it is inferior to D so I opted for D instead.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation
##### General Discussion
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2019, 01:31
2
I think it's B.

Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate tax increase, not increasing taxes. We can't get rid of tax, but we want to eliminate the increase of tax because the increase has negative impacts on people (maybe it reduces people's purchase power). So A, C are out.
(D) "that results as" is unidiomatic --> out.

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals into higher tax brackets --> CORRECT
(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation into higher tax brackets --> I think passive voice should be avoided when an active voice like in (B) is much more direct
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Joined: 22 May 2019
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2020, 07:01
1
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

POE :

constantly increasing taxes vs constant tax increase = Latter is preferred ----> Thereby eliminating A & C

Within the choices BDE,

E can be eliminated, as the individuals being pushed by inflation which is incorrect to use

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Joined: 22 May 2016
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2019, 23:57
All correct answers that contain good explanations will be awarded ONE KUDOS.

Kudos will be awarded after the OE is posted.
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Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2019, 01:58
Re-read explanation from Tracy95 and found out that mine was wrong.
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2019, 10:11
Quote:
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

Hi,
IMO B.

Meaning: Income tax indexing is supposed to eliminate taxes that keep increasing constantly because of inflation, which pushes individuals into higher tax brackets.
Analysis: Constantly is an adverb, so it cannot modify a noun/gerund- increasing taxes. This takes care of A & C.
Quote:
(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals
(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

Quote:
(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals
(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals
(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

Now, among B,D & E, D changes the meaning of the sentence saying that taxes become inflation.
Between B & E, B is a better choice for being concise and using active voice construction.
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2019, 05:35
1
(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

because of inflation pushing individuals ? cant pinpoint what exactly wrong but seems to be unidiomatic.

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals
This sentence is idiomatic and grammatical, however doesnt make much sense logically. should be kept on hold.

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation
individuals are pushed by inflation - passive. I am suspicious

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals
Seems to be correct, as it makes sense here, constant tax increase is result of something, which is intended to be eliminated.

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

awkwardy phrase, and usage of being.
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2020, 00:10
Hey Guys... Always go for the meaning...there are two splits-
1. Eliminate Constantly ( adverb) Increasing taxes,seems as if the taxes are to be eliminated no but the increase is as per the sentence.
2. Because individuals are pushed or because inflation pushes individual seriously that does'nt make sence either with the first part so D it is the best choice.
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2020, 10:14
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 203: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

First, we should figure out the following split: constantly increasing taxes / constant tax increase. The second option makes sense, because it seems logical: clearly, we can't eliminate the tax as such because this idea is ridiculous. So we should eliminate options A and C. The option E seems bad because of passive voice and "being". We should prefer active voice in GMAT. Between B and D I've chosen B, because "that results as" seems ugly. On the other hand, option D unites two parts of the sentence and connects "tax increase" with "inflation".
Kudos to anyone who can clarify my doubts concerning "results as".
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2020, 08:28
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

understanding the meaning of the sentence...

IT indexing is intended to eliminate something...
what is it??
taxes or the increase in taxes..
per the meaning of the sentence.
it needs to eliminate the increase.
going on with the meaning of the sentence,
the increase in taxes is due to the "inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets."

per the explanation,
A and C are out..

Coming to choice B,
Quote:
(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

because is explaining the reason for the indexing to eliminate the increase..(which is wrong)
the sentence should explain reason for increase..
B is out
..

Coming to E,
Quote:
(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

this seems to explain the reason for "elimination by Income tax indexing"
E is out..

Coming to D,
Quote:
(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

this aptly gives the meaning clarity with "indexing eliminating the increase in tax and the reason for this increase" without any ambiguity.

this is the right one
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2020, 03:17
Can someone explain why E is wrong

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2020, 09:41
eakabuah wrote:
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

Meaning: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals into higher tax brackets.

When I read through the answer choices, I felt the contest was between A and D. Why? My reason is because of the usage of that to emphasize taxes, in A, and increase, in D. This implies that the prepositional phrase in A and the subordinate clause in D modify taxes and increase respectively. Without this emphasis with a relative pronouns that result in A and that results in D, one might think that the subordinate clauses introduced by because in B and C, and as in option E present the cause of the preceding clauses and this is not the case. Therefore we can safely eliminate B, C, and E based on this.

In addition, I later found out that the structure: because of + noun + action (verbing) is not acceptable on the GMAT. Because of as a compound preposition is expected to take a noun; this noun can be a verbing but not a noun + verbing. The whole idea is that the verbing should not suggest that the noun after the compound preposition is performing an action. For example: Because of the Prime Minister going to Paris, this week's cabinet meeting is rescheduled. This sentence is incorrect on the GMAT because of the verbing going after the noun the Prime Minister. This information can be accessed here: https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-idiom-because-vs-because-of/ Hence option A is incorrect. I read a similar post on the same magoosh webpage that suggested a similar restriction on with on the GMAT a while back.

The bottom line for me is that this is an excellent question in my view as it has helped me to understand another very important requirement on the GMAT. Kudos Sir generis I'm very grateful. I thought I will share this information with the community although I got it belated and hence could not post before the OA was revealed. I didn't know how best to explain the reason why B is incorrect, but somehow, I felt it is inferior to D so I opted for D instead.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

eakabuah
What's your thought on usage of RESULT and BECAUSE side by side in option A? As per me it creating redundancy error.
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Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2020, 11:33
deveshj21 wrote:
eakabuah wrote:
Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

Meaning: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals into higher tax brackets.

When I read through the answer choices, I felt the contest was between A and D. Why? My reason is because of the usage of that to emphasize taxes, in A, and increase, in D. This implies that the prepositional phrase in A and the subordinate clause in D modify taxes and increase respectively. Without this emphasis with a relative pronouns that result in A and that results in D, one might think that the subordinate clauses introduced by because in B and C, and as in option E present the cause of the preceding clauses and this is not the case. Therefore we can safely eliminate B, C, and E based on this.

In addition, I later found out that the structure: because of + noun + action (verbing) is not acceptable on the GMAT. Because of as a compound preposition is expected to take a noun; this noun can be a verbing but not a noun + verbing. The whole idea is that the verbing should not suggest that the noun after the compound preposition is performing an action. For example: Because of the Prime Minister going to Paris, this week's cabinet meeting is rescheduled. This sentence is incorrect on the GMAT because of the verbing going after the noun the Prime Minister. This information can be accessed here: https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-idiom-because-vs-because-of/ Hence option A is incorrect. I read a similar post on the same magoosh webpage that suggested a similar restriction on with on the GMAT a while back.

The bottom line for me is that this is an excellent question in my view as it has helped me to understand another very important requirement on the GMAT. Kudos Sir generis I'm very grateful. I thought I will share this information with the community although I got it belated and hence could not post before the OA was revealed. I didn't know how best to explain the reason why B is incorrect, but somehow, I felt it is inferior to D so I opted for D instead.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

eakabuah
What's your thought on usage of RESULT and BECAUSE side by side in option A? As per me it creating redundancy error.

deveshj21 I don't think the usage of result and because of create redundancy in the sentence in option A. Why? Result per the context or meaning is synonymous to occur/happen/come up/arise. Besides, in A, we are dealing with a compound preposition because of and that should be followed by a noun.
Re: Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2020, 11:33
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