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# Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less

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Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2012, 07:08
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Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2012, 09:07
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Hi,

Let us see if I can help...

Here is the full sentence for D:

Independent contractors pay higher taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

I've highlighted in red the 2 pieces that are not paralel.

The 'are' with statutory employees should be the same form as the first 3 words, and it is not so we should not have it. It's a tricky question because you have the 'are' repeated, but the first 'are' is not linked to the second one so they do not need to be the same construction.

Does that help?!
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2012, 03:34
plumber250 wrote:
Hi,

Let us see if I can help...

Here is the full sentence for D:

Independent contractors pay higher taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

I've highlighted in red the 2 pieces that are not paralel.

The 'are' with statutory employees should be the same form as the first 3 words, and it is not so we should not have it. It's a tricky question because you have the 'are' repeated, but the first 'are' is not linked to the second one so they do not need to be the same construction.

Does that help?!

Ok ...

Independent contractors pay higher taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees;

u mean both attributes (in green color )of Independent contractors are getting compared to the attributes( which are understood in this case) of Statutory employees.

did i get right ?

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2012, 11:10
I do appreciate the wrong sentence structure in D. It should be rather ‘than do statutory employees instead of ‘than are statutory employees’. But in the reported OA B, how good is it to combine a subordinate clause and a main clause with a semicolon?. The second clause is a sub - clause because of the intrusion of the conjunction ‘though” Any reason?
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2013, 21:52
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast

I think D is wrong because "in addition" and "unlike" are both connecting words and they presents 2 different functions. They shouldn't put so close like in D

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2013, 22:21
gamelord wrote:
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast

I think D is wrong because "in addition" and "unlike" are both connecting words and they presents 2 different functions. They shouldn't put so close like in D

'In addition' changes the meaning a bit because in addition is used when you want to build on a idea/situation. Whereas we need a contrast between the two.
More explained here --> http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 16857.html
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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19 May 2014, 23:42
In option B, is ellipsis in play?

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 01:40
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

Here two things are happening: one, we are talking about contractors and how they are at an disadvantage vis-avis regular employees and two, how the contractors reduce the disadvantage by the doing the same work for different businesses.

A: The list is wrong. It is trying to show a list of 3 things whereas the reality is that the list is of two things - the disadvantages faced by the contractors.
B. Correct. The list is correct and contrast is shown by showing the advantage of the contractors vis-a-vis regular employees.
C. Parallelism error across the AND - its is shown as verb versus modifier but it should be verb versus verb.
D. Incorrect comparison. Comparing noun (Independent contractor) versus verb + noun (are employees).
E. Parallelism error across the AND - its is shown as verb versus modifier but it should be verb versus verb.

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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23 May 2014, 12:25
I believe that working freely is a good thing, the first part of the sentence denotes a negative thing about the contractors and second one tells a +ve thing. These 2 segments can fit good with a "though"...

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2014, 10:34
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely
B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to
C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to
D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely
E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

Analysis:

A. Comma before 'and' says its a list, but the 3rd element has 'they' and hence it breaks parallelism. Drop A.
B. Two independent clauses joined by ; Second shows a bit contrast than first and hence uses 'though'. Hmm, okay, keep it aside.
C. Pay and paid are not llel as they are joined by ''and', same is the case in E (a quick look); Drop C and E.
D. Two independet clauses are joined by ; Grammetically its ok, but consider the meaning: here, the forst sentence says a disadvantage for Independent contractors and second sentence says opposite of it, but it begins with ' in addition' that imply continuity of thought introduced in 1st. Drop D.

Thus, OAB

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2015, 16:42
Request you to not to post your answer choices in question window. It prevents us from analysing the question with answer around

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Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 04:04
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iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast

That's a lovely question! Comparisons at their best.

(I still believe that the second part 'in addition to ...' is not a problem in D). I was only worried about the 'are' omitted in B and used in D. Since the the OA is B, i just thought that 'are' can be removed. But i just discovered that 'are' MUST BE removed.
Just wanted to share my eureka moment

Here we have two comparisons at play:
1) Independent contractors pay higher taxes than DO statutory employees
2) Independent contractors are paid less consistently that ARE statutory employees

By placing the 'are paid less consistently' part later in the sequencing, this question tricks us into thinking that ARE is missing. But this is not the case. If we put 'are' before 'statutory employees', the comparison (1) will suffer. And if we put a 'do', comparison (2) will.
Hence option B keeps both the comparisons happy by removing any pronoun.

This question goes in my error-log

Please let me know if this reasoning is correct.
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 04:12
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast

What is the verb in the 2nd sentence in option B. Introduction of ';' needs complete sentences on both the sides of ';'.
Doesnt the introduction of 'Though' make the sentence, a fragment?

I agree comparison in D is bad. But D is better than not having a verb as in B.

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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 06:15
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sagarbuss wrote:

What is the verb in the 2nd sentence in option B. Introduction of ';' needs complete sentences on both the sides of ';'.
Doesnt the introduction of 'Though' make the sentence, a fragment?

I agree comparison in D is bad. But D is better than not having a verb as in B.

No. Introduction of 'though' does not make it a fragment. A sentence is a fragment when it lacks a main clause. Here, we have two independent clauses (the second one made subordinate to the first). Please correct me if im wrong here.

Sorry, i couldn't understand your query 'I agree comparison in D is bad. But D is better than not having a verb as in B'. I see, the second part of B is complete:-
Firstly,
... unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to.
Subject: independent contractors
Verb: are free

Am i missing anything?

Secondly,
The problem of comparison in D is not bad but its incorrect. Good enough to strike that option off

Now, lets talk about the later halves of choices B and D. We agree that both of them are (supposed to be) complete sentences that can stand on their own. Now, Lets do some meaning analysis first.

Idea presented in the 1st part:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes than statutory employees and in return get lesser.
Main idea: Independent contractors are at loss and statutory employees are benefited.

Idea presented in the 2nd part:
Independent contractors are free to perform something that statutory employees aren't.
Main idea: Independent contractors are benefited and statutory employees are at loss.

Conclusion: Both parts are present contrasting information.

Now coming to B and D:

B unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to perform the same type of work for multiple businesses
subordinator: Though. Though is capable of setting up contrast. Correct usage as it is showing contrast
S-V pair. Taken care of

D in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses
coordinating conjunction: In addition. In addition is used to present similar thoughts/ideas as were presented in the earlier part of the sentence. Here, its usage is incorrect as we need to show contrast.
S-V pair: Taken care of.

Therefore B makes perfect sense and D is wrong for multiple reasons.

Please correct me if im wrong.
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 07:56
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On further research, it comes to light that the word ‘though’ can also be an adverb meaning - nevertheless, however etc-. So the second part in B is indeed n independent clause.

Indeed a high-quality topic. A real Kudo to the poster
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Re: Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2016, 19:13
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

IC pay higher taxes
IC are paid less consistently than statutory employees (ellipsis here is clear, so no need to repeat the verb)
then we have something that looks like a contrast.
IC may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely
it looks like 3 verbs are parallel to each other, and all 3 must have the same subject "IC", nevertheless, we have near the 3rd verb "they", which makes this answer choice incorrect.

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to
this one changes the structure. 2 verbs for IC then semicolon, then new independent clause. this is ok.

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to
and paid - we need are.
freely allowed - changes the meaning. it is not the same as perform freely...

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely
CAN freely -> more like a capability rather than a certainty..I eliminated this one because of the modal verb.
the repeated verb is redundant, as the comparison is clear.
in addition - doesn't present a "contrast" but rather presents something "bad" of IC, but instead we have something good - so kind of construction error here.

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to
paid - we need are paid.

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Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2016, 19:21
iamitgoyal wrote:
Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely perform the same type of work for multiple businesses.

A taxes, are paid less consistently than statutory employees, and, unlike statutory employees, they may freely

B taxes and are paid less consistently than statutory employees; unlike statutory employees, though, independent contractors are free to

C taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees, but they, unlike statutory employees, are freely allowed to

D taxes and are paid less consistently than are statutory employees; in addition, unlike statutory employees, independent contractors can freely

E taxes and paid less consistently than are statutory employees; moreover, unlike statutory employees, they are allowed to

I marked D as an answer and didnot understand the explanation given " The helping verb to be (appearing here as are) cannot be used to stand for an action verb, so the construction are statutory employees is not parallel to pay higher taxes" . Can someone explain the concept behind not using "are" before "statutory employees in option D ? Also can someone the usage of "though" if already "unlike" is there to show the contrast

A: "are paid less consistently than statutory employees" doesn't have a subject
B: "pay and are paid" is correct parallel
C: "paid taxes and paid.." incorrect parallelism
D: "in addition, unlike.., .. can freely" is too wordy!
E: "pay and paid" is incorrect parallelism.

Correct answer is B.

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Independent contractors pay higher taxes, are paid less   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2016, 19:21
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