indirect speech : GMAT Verbal Section
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indirect speech

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CEO
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11 Aug 2007, 13:55
can anyone tell me what the concept of indirect speech is?
If you have any questions
New!
VP
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12 Aug 2007, 01:41
bmwhype2 wrote:
can anyone tell me what the concept of indirect speech is?

You are fabulous - Direct speech.

She is fabulous - Indirect Speech...

Do you have any specific things to discuss on this subject. It would be easier that way ... this subject by itself is pretty broad, I think.
VP
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12 Aug 2007, 07:45
Director
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12 Aug 2007, 21:16
In indirect speech, an example of which would be:

Yesterday, she said that she went to the store and purchased a gallon of ice cream.

We use past tense.

In direct speech we use present tense.

Also, when we're referring to indirect speech, yet mention something that is true, for example the moon is round, we use present, not past.

So, for example:

She said that he was unable to stop admiring the moon, as the moon is round.
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13 Aug 2007, 07:38
is this concept tested on the GMAT test? i ran across this term somewhere on this forum.
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13 Aug 2007, 08:15
Yes, I remember a few questions that test indirect speech. However, dont remember where those questions belonged.

I ll post on this when I get home.
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13 Aug 2007, 14:19

The first thing we think of when dealing with indirect speech is to change the verb tenses one place back.
We we must take into account that if the reporting verbs are in present tenses, you must keep the same tenses in your indirect sentences, regardless of the time you´re reporting those statements. That shows that actions are still true, and not only when they were said.

Last week I visited Paris. Now I´m telling a friend of mine:
"Paris is such a wonderful city"

The following day my friend tells another person:
I saw Magg yesterday and she told me Paris is such a wonderful city.

Note:

My mum says to me every day: "You have to tidy your room"
My mother said (that) I have to tidy my room.

My teacher is telling us: "If you had studied harder, you would have passed."
My teacher said that if we had studied harder, you would have passed.

Our friends have said: "We won´t go to the party."
Our friends said (that) they won´t go to the party.
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13 Aug 2007, 14:34
Some relevant questions from SC1000 and forum, see below:

(i) http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=21280

(ii) 99. Although the manager agreed to a more flexible work schedule, he said that it must be posted on the bulletin board so that both management and labor will know what everyone is assigned to do.
(A) he said that it must be posted on the bulletin board so that both management and labor will know what everyone is
(B) he said it had to be posted on the bulletin board so that both management and labor knows what everyone is
(C) he said that they would have to post the assignments on the bulletin board so that management and labor knew what everyone was
(D) he said that the schedule would have to be posted on the bulletin board so that both management and labor would know what everyone was
(E) saying that the schedule had to be posted on the bulletin board so that both management and labor would know what everyone had been

(iii) 147.At a recent session, the French government has decided that Paris needs a second, larger opera house to complement the famous Paris Opera.
(A) has decided that Paris needs
(B) decided that Paris needs
(C) has decided that Paris will need
(D) decided that Paris has a need of
(E) has decided that Paris needed

(iv) 962.Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950’s and early 1960’s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
13 Aug 2007, 14:34
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