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# Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano

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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Sep 2016, 10:23
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63% (00:44) correct 37% (00:40) wrong based on 164 sessions

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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Originally posted by deepti1206 on 23 May 2012, 12:24.
Last edited by Abhishek009 on 06 Sep 2016, 10:23, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined relevant part and used spoiler
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 13:16
the meaning of the sentence requires present tense. B, D, E Out. In C "which" is referring "month". wrong. A stays.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 13:46
y present tense is required ..?
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 23:34
4
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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24 May 2012, 00:19
thanks daagh..it was a gud explanation ...
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 18:25
1
I would go with A.

has killed is the correct form of verb here.
And C uses wrong modifier 'which has'

A is correct.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 13:54
Present perfect tense is used if something starts in the past and continuous till the present or its affect is still present in the present. In this sentence the volcano has killed people and the effect is an emergency which is in present. Hence only A and C remains. In C which is used incorrectly. A wins.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 05:35
1
Sachin9 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.

What is wrong with B mate?

"Since" indicates a continued action on the other hand "killed" indicates a past action. Hence b which uses a past action with since is incorrect. Present perfect has killed is the right combination here with since.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 13:29
deepti1206 wrote:
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Most often Present perfect continuous is wrong.
Choose present perfect over perfect continuous.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 20:11
gmatverbalPrep wrote:
deepti1206 wrote:
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Most often Present perfect continuous is wrong.
Choose present perfect over perfect continuous.

Can't be generalized I believe. There may be traps set.
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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2014, 10:09
2
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last
month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading
to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead
to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to
the declaring of an emergency in the country.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2014, 12:03
i selected A because rest are having some flagrant mistakes but i am not convinced about A either !!
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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2014, 02:04

Quick way to solve this:
- Must be HAS KILLED as the action is still going on (since) - keep A and C

- WHICH should not modify month - keep A
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2014, 06:23
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. Correct

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. “Present perfect tense” is better, bec the "since"

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. "which" can't refer to the entire sentence.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. past perfect tense wrong.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to
the declaring of an emergency in the country. “has been killing..." feel wrong, don't know the reason
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2016, 06:21
when since is used as a reason use any tense

when since is used as a timeline use Present perfect . //
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 03:56
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 05:55
1
RMD007 wrote:
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?

Dear RMD007,

I believe that this question slightly confused your basics.

Let's use another example to help you understand the basic concept that's confused you at the moment
1. I moved to Manhattan in 1990 - should be in simple past because that action got over all for once! I moved and then done!
2. I have worked with Google in Manhattan ever since - I still am working with Google from 1990 (perfect way to use present perfect tense)

So how do you put these 2 facts together?

I have worked with Google in Manhattan since I moved to Manhattan in 1990.

Did you see what happened?
Both the present perfect tense and the past tense are in perfect harmony and are describing my situation right now.
I started working with Google in 1990 when i moved to Manhattan and I still am working with Google.

I hope this cleared your confusion.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 08:53
Top Contributor
Awesome explanation, Alok322!

And for any beginners who are reading this (not you, RMD007 -- you already know what's up), you'll want to avoid the common misconception that verb tenses always have to "match" within the same sentence. Verb tenses don't even need to "match" in a parallel structure: if two actions happened at different times, there's no problem using two different verb tenses.

But the GMAT does really, really love to test you on the logic underneath those verb tenses. If the sentence uses more than one verb tense, does the sequence of events logically match those changing verb tenses? Here's a classic pain-in-the-arse: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-an-effort ... 83910.html
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 09:07
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country.

Whenever Since is used in context of the time frame present perfect always makes perfect sense.
so B and D are out
Also in E has been killing 191 people means that it started killing those 191 people and still killing them only.Out of sense
In C which is not correct as it refers to the month

So A is the best answer
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2017, 09:07
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