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# Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began

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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 15 Nov 2018, 02:15
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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Originally posted by deepti1206 on 23 May 2012, 11:24.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Nov 2018, 02:15, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 22:34
7
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 12:54
2
Present perfect tense is used if something starts in the past and continuous till the present or its affect is still present in the present. In this sentence the volcano has killed people and the effect is an emergency which is in present. Hence only A and C remains. In C which is used incorrectly. A wins.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 12:16
1
the meaning of the sentence requires present tense. B, D, E Out. In C "which" is referring "month". wrong. A stays.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 17:25
1
1
I would go with A.

has killed is the correct form of verb here.
And C uses wrong modifier 'which has'

A is correct.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 04:35
1
Sachin9 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.

What is wrong with B mate?

"Since" indicates a continued action on the other hand "killed" indicates a past action. Hence b which uses a past action with since is incorrect. Present perfect has killed is the right combination here with since.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 04:55
1
RMD007 wrote:
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?

Dear RMD007,

I believe that this question slightly confused your basics.

Let's use another example to help you understand the basic concept that's confused you at the moment
1. I moved to Manhattan in 1990 - should be in simple past because that action got over all for once! I moved and then done!
2. I have worked with Google in Manhattan ever since - I still am working with Google from 1990 (perfect way to use present perfect tense)

So how do you put these 2 facts together?

I have worked with Google in Manhattan since I moved to Manhattan in 1990.

Did you see what happened?
Both the present perfect tense and the past tense are in perfect harmony and are describing my situation right now.
I started working with Google in 1990 when i moved to Manhattan and I still am working with Google.

I hope this cleared your confusion.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 12:46
y present tense is required ..?
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2014, 11:03
i selected A because rest are having some flagrant mistakes but i am not convinced about A either !!
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2014, 01:04
Answer is A

Quick way to solve this:
- Must be HAS KILLED as the action is still going on (since) - keep A and C

- WHICH should not modify month - keep A
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2014, 05:23
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. Correct

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. “Present perfect tense” is better, bec the "since"

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. "which" can't refer to the entire sentence.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. past perfect tense wrong.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to
the declaring of an emergency in the country. “has been killing..." feel wrong, don't know the reason
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2016, 05:21
when since is used as a reason use any tense

when since is used as a timeline use Present perfect . //
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 02:56
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 07:53
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Awesome explanation, Alok322!

And for any beginners who are reading this (not you, RMD007 -- you already know what's up), you'll want to avoid the common misconception that verb tenses always have to "match" within the same sentence. Verb tenses don't even need to "match" in a parallel structure: if two actions happened at different times, there's no problem using two different verb tenses.

But the GMAT does really, really love to test you on the logic underneath those verb tenses. If the sentence uses more than one verb tense, does the sequence of events logically match those changing verb tenses? Here's a classic pain-in-the-arse: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-an-effort ... 83910.html
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 08:07
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country.

Whenever Since is used in context of the time frame present perfect always makes perfect sense.
so B and D are out
Also in E has been killing 191 people means that it started killing those 191 people and still killing them only.Out of sense
In C which is not correct as it refers to the month

So A is the best answer
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2020, 04:27
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

deepti1206 wrote:
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

Choice A: This answer choice maintains proper tense use and preserves the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice B: This answer choice uses the simple past tense verb "killed" to refer to an event taking place in the present. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: In this answer choice, the modifying phrase "which has lead..." incorrectly modifies the noun "last month". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice uses the past perfect verb "had killed" to refer to an event taking place in the present. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice uses the present perfect continuous tense verb "has been killing", leading to an illogical meaning. The phrase "has been killing 191 people" implies that the volcano has been killing 191 people, gradually. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, A is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Simple Tenses on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):

To understand the concept of "Past Perfect Tense - Use of Had on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):

To understand the concept of "Present Perfect Continuous Tense on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):

All the best!
Experts' Global Team
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2020, 04:27
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