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Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that

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Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 13:01
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34% (01:44) correct 66% (01:44) wrong based on 154 sessions

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Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment, and its land originally erupting as a result of major geological activity.

A. that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and its land originally erupting

B. that has indicated the archipelago formed from a volcanic sediment, its land originally erupting

C. indicating that the archipelago had formed from a volcanic sediment with its land originally erupted

D. to indicate that the archipelago had formed from a volcanic sediment and its land originally erupted

E. to indicate that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and that its land originally erupted


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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Feb 2020, 08:49
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Abhi
First thing: Please look into the underlining. The phrase'that indicates' should also be underlined.
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Originally posted by daagh on 03 Feb 2020, 07:12.
Last edited by daagh on 03 Feb 2020, 08:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2020, 08:48
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Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment, and its land originally erupting as a result of major geological activity.

Not a very impressive question, IMHO. What one knows of verb tenses is that there should not be unnecessary shifts of tense while presenting reported speeches, not withstand that one can use different tense forms as per the logical demand of the context. However, this topic would fail that tenet. Non-natives might find it difficult to grasp the real intent of this topic.

A. that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and its land originally erupting --- 1. ‘That’ parallelism is missing; 2. What is the point in stating that the archipelago is formed in simple present, when it was formed at least thousands of years ago? What further confuses is that the simultaneous act of the eruption is described in a past tense.

B. that has indicated the archipelago formed from a volcanic sediment, its land originally erupting---In written communication, the standard practice is to present whatever is indicated in a separate subordinate clause started by the connector ‘that’. However, this choice is reluctantly acceptable as somewhat sensible..

C. indicating that the archipelago had formed from a volcanic sediment with its land originally erupted--- had formed is active voice while erupted is passive voice. Perhaps if it was used with a subordinate conjunction such while, or as, it would be more acceptable.

D. to indicate that the archipelago had formed from volcanic sediment and its land originally erupted --- had formed is past perfect and erupted is simple past. The distinction between the formation and eruption is not clear.

E. to indicate that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and that its land originally erupted—The reason for the use of the present tense for the formation and the past tense for the eruption is unclear.
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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2020, 10:08
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Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment, and its land originally erupting as a result of major geological activity.

It should be evidence that indicates or evidence to indicate.
The land has already been erupted so the correct usage is erupted.
Also the newly found evidence suggests that the archipelago is formed. "is formed" should be used.

A. that indicates that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and its land originally erupting

"that indicates that" structure is redundant and that land has already been erupted, so the correct usage is erupted.

B. that has indicated the archipelago formed from a volcanic sediment, its land originally erupting

C. indicating that the archipelago had formed from a volcanic sediment with its land originally erupted

D. to indicate that the archipelago had formed from a volcanic sediment and its land originally erupted

E. to indicate that the archipelago is formed from a volcanic sediment and that its land originally erupted

"to indicate" is used, "is formed" is used and "erupted" is used. So E is the correct answer.
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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2020, 10:25
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daagh wrote:
Abhi
First thing: Please look into the underlining. The phrase'that indicates' should also be underlined.

Although i went with E (best of the lot) , i am still struggling with the usage of [/u] to indicate [u] . DOes this not mean that the scientists had a purpose to find the evidence. Is that fine on GMAT actual exam ?
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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2020, 18:20
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Meaning is the key here.
A. Parallelism issue. evidence that indicates that X and Y. Here X and Y are not parallel.
B. Tense issue. Present perfect is used when an action started in the past and finished in the present. For instance, I have just completed my work. For research findings, this may not be the apt tense. Nevertheless, 'its' land creates ambiguity. If you want to stay conservative, hold on to B.
C. Volcanic sediments form after eruption. It's illogical to use past perfect for volcanic sediments. Eruption had occurred, and then the sediments are fined.
D. Same as C
E. The answer. No flaws

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Re: Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2020, 18:20

Indonesian geologists have discovered evidence that indicates that

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