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# Industrialized nations

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07 Jul 2010, 13:42
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (03:01) correct 44% (01:48) wrong based on 64 sessions

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In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

9. Which of the following inferences about industrialization is best supported by the passage above?
(A) People in advanced industrialized societies have more leisure time than those in nonindustrialized societies.
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization.
(C) Industrialization involves a trade-off between tedious, monotonous jobs and the benefits of increased leisure.
(D) It is likely that the extended workday of an industrializing country will eventually be shortened.
(E) As industrialization progresses, people tend to look for self-fulfillment in leisure rather than work.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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08 Jul 2010, 07:21
metallicafan wrote:

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

9. Which of the following inferences about industrialization is best supported by the passage above?
(A) People in advanced industrialized societies have more leisure time than those in nonindustrialized societies.
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization.
(C) Industrialization involves a trade-off between tedious, monotonous jobs and the benefits of increased leisure.
(D) It is likely that the extended workday of an industrializing country will eventually be shortened.
(E) As industrialization progresses, people tend to look for self-fulfillment in leisure rather than work.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.

It's D.

Why D :given in the argument :" shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization".

Why not B: Long hours may be peculiar to early as well as Not So early stages..!!
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15 Jul 2010, 09:26
I agree with above its D and not B
because it does not state when the drop off occurs, the prompt only states that at some stage work changes from heavy to light so it is improper to assume that the prompt means early stage.
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15 Jul 2010, 10:12
its D:
others can be eliminated

A: even non industrialized societies have more leisure time
B:nothing mentioned about the stage of industrialization with respect to long hours
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17 Jul 2010, 04:20
source ?
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17 Jul 2010, 09:05
One more :

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.
Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?
(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
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17 Jul 2010, 09:13
metallicafan wrote:

why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.

The catch is the time reference - how early or when?
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization. ----> this cannot be inferred without getting questioned.
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11 Apr 2016, 19:18
metallicafan wrote:

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

9. Which of the following inferences about industrialization is best supported by the passage above?
(A) People in advanced industrialized societies have more leisure time than those in nonindustrialized societies.
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization.
(C) Industrialization involves a trade-off between tedious, monotonous jobs and the benefits of increased leisure.
(D) It is likely that the extended workday of an industrializing country will eventually be shortened.
(E) As industrialization progresses, people tend to look for self-fulfillment in leisure rather than work.

oh man..this one requires a lot of time to read alone...not mentioning comprehending the meaning...
conclusion: short work day is not peculiar to industrialized societies, but rather different stages of industrialization, as progressed, allow people to do smth in a shorter period of time.

A. it is refuted by the argument, so clearly can't be A.
B. close but no. primitive peoples of today do not need to work longer hours, so B is out.
C. benefits/drawbacks is out of the scope.
D. aha, so as the country is being more and more industrialized, the work day will get shorter and shorter. looks good.
E. self-fulfillment is out of scope.

D it is.
Re: Industrialized nations   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2016, 19:18
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