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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2020, 22:02
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 274

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through

https://www.nytimes.com/2003/08/09/business/fuel-prices-move-higher-and-trend-is-expected-to-persist.html

Fuel prices have risen over the last two weeks, and analysts warn that the increase may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than usual through the end of the year, in large part because of chronically low stockpiles of crude oil and petroleum products in the United States.


Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through

IMO E
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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2020, 04:42
(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through

Splits

The non-underlined portion already uses "may". Therefore, the usage of possibility is redundant. A&B are gone.
Usage of "usually". Correct idiomatic usage is "higher than usual". C eliminated.
Usage of "throughout" in D is incorrect.
E is the right choice. No error in E. (Sanity check!)
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2020, 07:25
isn't this sentence a subjunctive mood and use of could is needed?
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2020, 08:41
1
lakshya14 wrote:
isn't this sentence a subjunctive mood and use of could is needed?

Hello, lakshya14. It is funny, I answered a question similar to this recently, but the question type was not even SC. You have to be careful in how you interpret these long-winded sentences. Examine the sentence shell:

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal... the end of the year.

Before you latch onto may be and decide anything about the verb tense, consider the placement and meaning of signal. A signal can still indicate something definitively, even if the outcome of a recent trend is indefinite. Choice (E) conveys this meaning succinctly and clearly:

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through the end of the year.

Notice, too, that (E) avoids the confusion of throughout at the end of the underlined portion. To what time period are the analysts referring here? Throughout would indicate just the end of the year, whereas the forecast seems to be that the prices will stay higher through the end of the year, or from the recent rise to the last turn of the calendar to close out the year.

I hope that helps. If you have further questions, feel free to ask.

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2020, 07:42
jayarora wrote:
Hi Expert @e-gmat GMATNinja

Snippet from Manhattan:
The conditional tense is formed by combining would with the base form of
the verb: would provide. This construction expresses the future from the point
of view of the past.
The typical sequences for these types of sentences are either Present + Future
or Past + Conditional:
Right: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WILL BE
wonderful.
Present Future
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WOULD BE
wonderful.
Present Conditional
Right: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WOULD BE
wonderful.
Past Conditional
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WILL BE
wonderful.
Past Future

Why is option E correct?

Analysts SAID that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil WILL stay higher than usual through the end of the year

Thanks in advance


Hi Jay

The conditional associated with the past tense verb "said" is "may be" and not "will stay". This indicates uncertainty as to the future course of events, as opposed to "would be", which indicates certainty.

The "will stay" is a part of the future events which are uncertain. The answer to the question "what did the analysts say?" is not that "prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher" but that "the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal..".

Hope this clarifies.
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2020, 02:43
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 274

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through



Fuel prices have risen over the last two weeks, and analysts warn that the increase may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than usual through the end of the year, in large part because of chronically low stockpiles of crude oil and petroleum products in the United States.


Question already indicates possibility by introducing "may" in the sentence so adding "possibility" or "possibly" repeats the idea.

So eliminate A, B, and C.

D uses "could" again indicating possibility.

E is the correct answer.
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2020, 06:22
1
jayarora wrote:
Hi Expert @e-gmat GMATNinja

Snippet from Manhattan:
The conditional tense is formed by combining would with the base form of
the verb: would provide. This construction expresses the future from the point
of view of the past.
The typical sequences for these types of sentences are either Present + Future
or Past + Conditional:
Right: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WILL BE
wonderful.
Present Future
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WOULD BE
wonderful.
Present Conditional
Right: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WOULD BE
wonderful.
Past Conditional
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WILL BE
wonderful.
Past Future

Why is option E correct?

Analysts SAID that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil WILL stay higher than usual through the end of the year

Thanks in advance

For one thing, none of the options have "would", so we already know for sure that "would" is not necessary! Remember, GMAT SC isn't about rigidly applying a black and white set of rules. Instead, it's about picking the BEST option out of the five available options.

True, the verb "said" is in the past tense. But let's look at the rest of the sentence:

    "The recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through the end of the year."

Notice that the verb "may be" is actually in the present tense. If that's confusing, consider this slightly altered version:

    "The recent rise in fuel prices IS an early signal that prices will stay higher..."

In both of these examples, we have a present tense verb followed by a future tense verb. The only difference in choice (E) is that we have an additional "reported speech" layer ("Industry analysts said that...").

But again, rather than splitting hairs over the conditional tense, let the answer choices do the work for you. None of the options use "would", so we know that "would" is not necessary. So whatever "rule" you thought might apply here can be thrown out the window while doing your POE. :)

lakshya14 wrote:
isn't this sentence a subjunctive mood and use of could is needed?

Subjunctive mood is not needed here. The sentence is a factual report of something that the analysts said... and that something is an uncertain prediction, as indicated by the verb "may be".

I hope this helps!
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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2020, 22:37
Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
"Possibility"- this is redundant given that "may" already infers uncertainty. "Usually"- idiomatically incorrect, should be higher than usual.

(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
"Possibility"- this is redundant given that "may" already infers uncertainty. "Could"- again, redundant given the use of "may" earlier on.

(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
"Possibly"- redundant given that "may" already infers uncertainty. "Usually"- idiomatically incorrect, should be higher than usual.

(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
"Could"- redundant given the use of "may" earlier on, indicating uncertainty. "They usually are"- grammatically correct, however wordy

(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through
CORRECT
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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e   [#permalink] 26 May 2020, 22:37

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