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Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...

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Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Jul 2013, 02:25
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Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.

The information above provides the most support for which one of the following?

A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance

B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit

D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits

E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two

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Originally posted by vomhorizon on 06 Jul 2013, 02:21.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 06 Jul 2013, 02:25, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2013, 22:54
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Good question. A is correct.

First of all, this is “MUST BE TRUE” question. The most important thing of this type of question is NO NEW information accepted”. A correct answer MUST pass the “Fact test”.
There are only 2 types of correct answer:
(1) Paraphrase (re-write parts of the stimulus in other way but keep the same meaning)
(2) Combination (combine two or more parts of the stimulus to make an inference)

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact #1: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes
Fact #2: The pump is on, inertia causes the mass water takes time to reach full speed.
Fact #3: The pump is off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual.
Fact #4: The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance
Correct. This is a combination of fact#1 and fact#4: flow of water is affected by inertia; inductance affects electrical flows in the similar way as inertia does ==> Flow of electrical current is affected by inductance.

B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia
Wrong. “Flow of electrical current is affected by inductance, not inertia”; In addition, “require” differs from “affects” ==> out immediately

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit
Wrong. No direct link between “inertia in the flow of water” and “inductance in pump’s circuit” ==> Out immediately.

D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits
Wrong. Nothing about “engineers try to minimize the effect of inductance” ==> Out immediately.

E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two
Wrong. SHELL GAME. Fact #3 just says: inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. Thus, E is wrong because:
(1) The stimulus does not mention how long a water pump continues to pump.
(2) You cannot infer “decrease in the water flow to be gradual” = 1 or 2 seconds. It may be 3 seconds, or even a minutes, who knows?


TAKEAWAY:

In "Must be true" question:
(1) No new info accepted.
(2) A correct answer MUST pass the fact test.


Hope it helps.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2013, 05:04
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Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.
The information above provides the most support for which one of the following?
A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance - Correct

B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia
- We know that inductance effects flow of current in electrical circuits but we don't know whether circuit requires inertia or not. Incorrect

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit
- Nowhere it's mentioned What causes Inertia. This option assumes that inductance causes inertia but such assumption is not justified. Incorrect

D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits
- We don't know whether Inductance results in positive or negative effect & to assume that Inductance results in Negative effect is unjustified. Incorrect.

E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two
- Very close contender but it may be that when a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water only for 1 MILLI second. Incorrect.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:10
vomhorizon wrote:
Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.

The information above provides the most support for which one of the following?

A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance

B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit

D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits

E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two



Lets proceed option wise

A. Try to negate this option and u see the argument falls apart,seems a good option, hold this one.

B. This one is mixing two different phenomena/terms..so can be easily eliminated.

C. Same as B

D. Out of scope

E. This one is a close contender, but is too specific and falls on the logical aspect..it could be very well possible that the water continues to flow for 3 secs or maybe half a second..the time duration for which the water continues to flow cannot be determined.

Hence, A is the correct answer.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 14:33
This is an inference question so the correct answer must be something that can be proven true based soley on the facts in the argument. In this case we know:
1) Inertia affects the flow of water pumped in a closed system
2) a pump takes some time to reach full spead adn some time to completely decrease the flow of water.
3) Inductance effects electrical circuits in a similar way to how inertia affects pumps.
vomhorizon wrote:
Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.

The information above provides the most support for which one of the following?

A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance
Yes, becuase inductance is similar to inertia and inertia affects the flow
B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia
This is not said anywhere in the argument

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit
The paragraph said that inertia and inductance are similar in different situations, we don't know anything about electric water pipes. This answer is far beyond the subject matter of the paragraph.
D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits
we don't know anything at all about Electric engineers - quickly eliminate answers in which the subject is not ever mentioned in the paragraph.
E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two

We know the decrease happens gradually, but we do not know the actual time frame of the decrease
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 21:58
Another new forma introduction. This question would have been considered inelegant by the previous generation as it leaves yous half way. Inductance actually does not affect flow of current per se but as the aragraph mentions adds a delay to the initial flow and a delay after switching off during which the current peters down to 0
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 04:45
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:
This is an inference question so the correct answer must be something that can be proven true based soley on the facts in the argument. In this case we know:
1) Inertia affects the flow of water pumped in a closed system
2) a pump takes some time to reach full spead adn some time to completely decrease the flow of water.
3) Inductance effects electrical circuits in a similar way to how inertia affects pumps.
vomhorizon wrote:
Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.

The information above provides the most support for which one of the following?

A. The rate at which electrical current flows is affected by inductance
Yes, becuase inductance is similar to inertia and inertia affects the flow
B. The flow of electrical current in a circuit requires inertia
This is not said anywhere in the argument

C. Inertia in the flow of water pumped by an electrically powered pump is caused by inductance in the pump's circuit
The paragraph said that inertia and inductance are similar in different situations, we don't know anything about electric water pipes. This answer is far beyond the subject matter of the paragraph.
D. Electrical engineers try to minimize the effects of inductance in electrical circuits
we don't know anything at all about Electric engineers - quickly eliminate answers in which the subject is not ever mentioned in the paragraph.
E. When a water pump is switched off it continues to pump water for a second or two

We know the decrease happens gradually, but we do not know the actual time frame of the decrease




Hi, Doesnt Answer A bring in outside information.The Initial Paragraph does not even talk about electric current at all.It says the inductance affects circuits the same way as the mass of water.It doesnt say that the inductance affects the "current flowing" .Is this question correct?
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2013, 12:08
Hi Pjaseem,

I'm not sure you're correct. Here is how I break down the paragraph, and I'll show where I think the answer (A) becomes logical...

Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. This is the initial statement - the main point if you will

When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. This is simply an explanation of the initial statement - it's 'fluff' we don't actually need to understand it to answer the question.

The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes. This is a comparison to the iniital statement.

SO - we have 2 statements, the second being compared to the first. Looked at in this way we can see that A, logically follows the comparison. Because inertia affects flow, we know inductance is similar to inertia, so it makes sense that inductance affects flow as well

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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 01:06
I do not agree with option a
It says that inductance affects the rate of electric current flow, but inductance does not actually limit or increase the rate after the initial delay or before the final pause.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:08
plumber250 wrote:
Hi Pjaseem,

I'm not sure you're correct. Here is how I break down the paragraph, and I'll show where I think the answer (A) becomes logical...

Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. This is the initial statement - the main point if you will

When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. This is simply an explanation of the initial statement - it's 'fluff' we don't actually need to understand it to answer the question.

The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes. This is a comparison to the iniital statement.

SO - we have 2 statements, the second being compared to the first. Looked at in this way we can see that A, logically follows the comparison. Because inertia affects flow, we know inductance is similar to inertia, so it makes sense that inductance affects flow as well

James


Hi Plumber250,


I agree Inductance affects the flow of something as per the passage.That something could be "voltage" for all we know (yes an engineer would find that stupid! :shock: ).
The paragraph never talks about "current" or "flow of current" in circuits. Aren't we bringing in outside information ? :!:
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2013, 12:26
pjaseem wrote:
plumber250 wrote:
Hi Pjaseem,

I'm not sure you're correct. Here is how I break down the paragraph, and I'll show where I think the answer (A) becomes logical...

Inertia affects the flow of water pumped through a closed system of pipes. This is the initial statement - the main point if you will

When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual. This is simply an explanation of the initial statement - it's 'fluff' we don't actually need to understand it to answer the question.

The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes. This is a comparison to the iniital statement.

SO - we have 2 statements, the second being compared to the first. Looked at in this way we can see that A, logically follows the comparison. Because inertia affects flow, we know inductance is similar to inertia, so it makes sense that inductance affects flow as well

James


Hi Plumber250,


I agree Inductance affects the flow of something as per the passage.That something could be "voltage" for all we know (yes an engineer would find that stupid! :shock: ).
The paragraph never talks about "current" or "flow of current" in circuits. Aren't we bringing in outside information ? :!:



Analogy used in the last sentence: The effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes.
Now, the effects of inertia in water pipes are as follows:
a) When power is on, rate of water is increased.
b) When power is off, rate of water is decreased.
So, its logical to conclude that inertia is affecting the rate of water flowing through the pipes. Similarly, inductance will affect the rate of current flowing through the electrical circuits.

Moreover, current only seems logical to infer to flow through the circuits,for electrons and other sub-atomic particles would be too scientific terms :)
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2014, 20:50
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IMO A... Option D cant be the answer as the stimulus is saying that the speed of water flow decreases after pump is switched off... nothing is said about the decrease in water passing through the pump. So D is out of scope.
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 07:44
Bumping for discussion. Not a hard LSAT question, but one that can help you pay attention!
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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 08:01
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Inertia affects the flow of water in pipes -> effects of inductance in electrical circuits are similar to the effects of inertia in water pipes -> therefore inductance must affect the flow of electricity in circuits

If you have any confusion about "the rate at which" - this part is confirmed by the description of what happens when a pump is switched on & off.
Since we have been given that inductance in circuits is analogous to inertia in water pipes, if inertia is affecting the rate at which water flows - inductance must also affect the rate at which electricity flows. This is exactly what is given by the lines "When the pump is first switched on, the water, which has mass, takes time to reach full speed. When the pump is switched off, inertia causes the decrease in the water flow to be gradual." Thus inertia definitely affects the rate of flow of water.

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Re: Inertia affects the flow of water pumped...   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2018, 08:01
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