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# Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
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14 Sep 2007, 11:34
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92% (00:38) correct 8% (01:05) wrong based on 224 sessions

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428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents

Please explain your answers. I want to understand the concept here. Specifically, I would like to know how you can eliminate (C), if at all you can.
Thanks.

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Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2007
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14 Sep 2007, 13:05
eyunni wrote:
428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents

Please explain your answers. I want to understand the concept here. Specifically, I would like to know how you can eliminate (C), if at all you can.
Thanks.

It has to be between C and D.

B) parents 'had' lived not 'did'
C) Possible
D) Possible
E) again usage of did.
now between C and D, it should be C for the sake of parellism. is it not C ??

as an aside, you should not have put that disclaimer about C, people might get biased not to choose C (unless it was a trick of yours )

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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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14 Sep 2007, 13:37
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DE are wrong because the semicolon denotes an independent clause.

A is wrong. although it is omitting the action verb and keeping the auxiliary verb, it is not parallel. there is no auxiliary verb & action verb in the first place.

C is wrong. Same reason as A.

Therefore B is correct.

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Manager
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15 Sep 2007, 09:19
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eyunni wrote:
428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents

Please explain your answers. I want to understand the concept here. Specifically, I would like to know how you can eliminate (C), if at all you can.
Thanks.

B seems correct to me.
You want to live as someone "did".

Not as someone "had lived" or someone has lived.

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CEO
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15 Sep 2007, 20:15
eyunni wrote:
428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents

Please explain your answers. I want to understand the concept here. Specifically, I would like to know how you can eliminate (C), if at all you can.
Thanks.

Honestly I would have guessed C if it were not for your statement after the question... owell.

Elim DE right away, these cause sentence fragments.

Still don't quite understand why C is not correct, but can elim A.

B.

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Director
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15 Sep 2007, 20:46
Agree with B.

Essentially, it appears to be the purest replacement for "expect to live better than their parents lived"

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Intern
Joined: 30 Aug 2007
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16 Sep 2007, 07:17
cruiser wrote:

B seems correct to me.
You want to live as someone "did".

Not as someone "had lived" or someone has lived.

I was a bit confused between the choice of "did" or "had".

But I think it is correct to use the simple past rather than the Past perfect simple.

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Senior Manager
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16 Sep 2007, 08:02
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428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have (have lived=>wrong)
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did (lived=>OK)
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had (had lived=>we do not need past perfect here=>wrong)
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had (had lived=>we do not need past perfect here+still expecting wrongly modifies the whole preceding clause=>wrong)
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents (still expecting wrongly modifies the whole preceding clause)

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Senior Manager
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29 May 2010, 10:46
eyunni wrote:
428. Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their assumptions about the future; they still expect to live better than their parents have, but not so well as they once thought they could.
(A) they still expect to live better than their parents have
(B) they still expect to live better than their parents did
(C) they still expect to live better than their parents had
(D) still expecting to live better than their parents had
(E) still expecting to live better than did their parents

Please explain your answers. I want to understand the concept here. Specifically, I would like to know how you can eliminate (C), if at all you can.
Thanks.

After semicolon an independent sentence should follow. So DE out.

than their parents have and than their parents had both of them have auxiliary verbs but not the action verb. but not so well as they once thought they could used could - a past tense.

So in B - than their parents did looks good.

_________________

Cheers,
SD

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Intern
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29 May 2010, 11:00
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B is correct.

The missing verb is "live", which should retain the form for parallellism and is assumed where ever the verb is missing.

For e.g. in choice B, if you fill in the missing verb:
they still expect to "live" better than their parents "did live", but not so well as they once thought they "could live".

In no other option does the verb "live" fit in as it does in this choice.
In choices A & C ... the verb expected is "lived" as in "have lived" and "had lived". The verb live cannot be changed to lived. That's why these options are wrong.

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25 Oct 2013, 21:33
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22 Feb 2014, 11:59
I am not sure why the answer can not be A? Why do we need a past tense (did/ had) in this answer?

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21 Mar 2015, 05:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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23 Mar 2015, 19:14
Kingscrest wrote:
I am not sure why the answer can not be A? Why do we need a past tense (did/ had) in this answer?

Answer A omits the main verb *live* and keep the auxiliary verb *have*, assuming that *they still expect to live better than their parents have lived*.

You can only use auxiliary verb to replace the main verb when the two tenses in the sentence are the same.

In this case,
- *still expect to live* -> Present tense
- *have* -> present perfect tense

Answer A would be correct if it use *their parents have lived*

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16 Dec 2017, 14:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Inflation has made many Americans reevaluate their   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2017, 14:36
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