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Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive

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Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 06:56
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Project SC Butler: Day 39: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were still about 50 percent greater than the rate of price increases for other items included in the consumer price index.

(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they
were

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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 07:09
Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were still about 50 percent greater than the rate of price increases for other items included in the consumer price index.

(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were( Subject verb agreement error)

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was( correct)

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were( subject verb agreement error)

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was( changes the meaning)

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they were(what does the subject they refer to?)

Will go with choice B

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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 11:14
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 39: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were still about 50 percent greater than the rate of price increases for other items included in the consumer price index.

(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they
were

The best/excellent answers get kudos. There can be no best answer, or a few excellent answers!


There is a subject-verb agreement error in this sentence. As "inflation" is singular, singular verb must be used.
Options A, C and E use "were" and hence they are eliminated.
Option D is incorrect because it makes 1986 as the subject of the sentence. This is awkward as "was still about 50 percent greater than . . ." illogically modifies 1986.
Correct answer should be B.
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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 11:31
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 39: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were still about 50 percent greater than the rate of price increases for other items included in the consumer price index.

(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they


Correct OA should be B
Read the sentence carefully, inflation is the subject here,2nd part of statement is talking about inflation


a) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were -A is wrong as inflation is singular , use of were is incorrect here

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was- B is correct here

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were-use of were is incorrect, so c is out

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was ,modifier error as 1986 was , distorts the original meaning of sentence

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they
were -again modifier error, incorrect placement of inflation


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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 19:18
Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were still about 50 percent greater than the rate of price increases for other items included in the consumer price index.

(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they
were

Inflation is singular, so the word "but" should be followed by was. Eliminate (A), (C), and (E)
(D) is saying the year "1986" was still about 50 percent greater. This is incorrect

(B) is your answer, Inflation slowed ... but was

Ans: (B)
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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2018, 04:53
(A) Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive year but were

(B) Inflation in medical costs slowed for the fifth consecutive year in 1986 but was

(C) In 1986 inflation in medical costs were slowed for the fifth consecutive year but were

(D) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year in which inflation in medical costs slowed but was : here subject of "was" is year there wrong

(E) 1986 was the fifth consecutive year that inflation in medical costs were slowed, but they
were
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Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2018, 07:15
Official Explanation :

Correct answer choice should have "Subject-verb Agreement + Logical " construct.
Since, “Inflation” is singular, therefore, singular verb “was” will be used for it.

Hence, choice A, C, and E are incorrect because “were” violates subject-verb agreement.

Choice D, incorrectly suggests that “medical costs” slowed, and stating is not true, because “inflation” slowed instead.

Choice B is the best option, because it states “Inflation slowed but was…” and maintains subject-verb agreement.
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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 10:44
1
sudarshan22 wrote:
Official Explanation :

Choice A is incorrect because have cannot function as the auxiliary of live; i.e., have live is ungrammatical.

Choice B, which substitutes did for have, is correct and logically places the parents' action in the past.

In choice C and D, had places the parents' action in the past but is wrong as an auxiliary, just as have is in A.

Choices D and E are faulty because neither is the independent clause that is needed to complete a grammatical sentence.


sudarshan22 - It seems that the above OE is of a different question.
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Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 11:17
Skywalker18 wrote:
sudarshan22 - It seems that the above OE is of a different question.

Skywalker18 keyword search can be dubious at times :? , if that covers the blunder :( .

Thank you for spotting and helping me rectify the issue. :) :thumbup:
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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 22:30
“Inflation” is singular; therefore, singular verb “was” will be used for it.
Hence, A, C, and E are incorrect because “were” violates subject-verb agreement.
D: Incorrectly suggests that “medical costs” slowed. Actually “inflation” slowed.
B: “Inflation slowed but was…” maintains subject-verb agreement. Hence, B is the answer.
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Re: Inflation in medical costs slowed in 1986 for the fifth consecutive &nbs [#permalink] 17 Dec 2018, 22:30
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