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# Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the

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Manager
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2011, 23:40
Nice question.....
Though i would have initially gone with C...after reading the posts now i go with B
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Kaustubh

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2011, 00:41
Oops Tough one . B and C too close. Careful examination can find u the way !
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2011, 19:10
Would go with b

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2011, 23:29
I just realized D doesn't weaken the plot because when only few are willing to pay significantly higher prices, the farmers could still make money with THE EXISTING HIGH PRICES.

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 10:05
B for me.. Good question.
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petrifiedbutstanding

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 10:17
B is correct.

D seems tempting but it is a trap. Classic distortion. Even few high price paying customers will help cotton planters take advantage of the high price.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 21:04
D says: "significantly higher prices", but farmers are actually tempted by the current prices. They don't expect prices to grow further.
So I went with B.

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 21:36
B.+1
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2012, 09:33
jatinrai wrote:
kaushikb wrote:
ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B

Same reasoning can be given for D. As customers are unwilling to pay more, the demand will fall & hence prices will also fall.

Just because customers are not willing to pay higher prices, prices will not fall down unless those low prices still yield profits for farmers. If that is the case (i.e., farmers get profits with low prices), they will continue with growing cotton and earn money; otherwise they exit business. Hence D is ruled out.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2012, 02:26
answer is B.The primary reason for the cotton prices to be more is due to the insect infestations.Now since there is a new pesticide available which is a remedy to the solution .The prices are ought to be down .Hence answer B.
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Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 10:37
2
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Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans, the price of which has long been stable and to begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most calls into question the reasoning on which the plan is based?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infected the cotton crops.

C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton, and for goods made out of cotton.

D. Many consumers consider cotton cloth a necessity rather than a luxury and would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are currently paying

E. The species of insect that has infested the cotton plants has never been known to infest soybean plants

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Here reasoning are 1.Insect infestations brought dramatic change 2.cotton plants grow quickly and is of high price
conclusion is : Farmers had stopped growing soyabean and to gain more profit started growing cotton

Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Apr 2017, 05:35, edited 3 times in total.
dramatic increase in the price of cotton - added missing words
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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 12:50
15
KUDOS
Expert's post
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Farmers want to replace soybean crops with cotton crops to take advantage of the increase in cotton prices worldwide. The increase in cotton prices has resulted from an insect infestation of cotton crops, which has led to the destruction of cotton crops and thus the increase in prices.

The farmers' plan would not work if the cotton price returned to normal. Which one of the following answers gives a reason that cotton prices could drop?

(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infected the cotton crops.

Here we have a reason the price of cotton crops could return to normal. Pesticides would kill of the insects. Without the insects destroying cotton crop the price would return to normal.

Hope that helps
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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 23:06
monikaleoster wrote:
Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases of cotton on the world market. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans, the price of which has long been stable and to begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly over the next several years.

No reasoning gap in the statements.Hence an external element has to be brought in to weaken the claim made.

Which of the following, if true, most calls into question the reasoning on which the plan is based?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb. -- Supports. POE.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infected the cotton crops. -- Weakens. Hold
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton, and for goods made out of cotton. -- Neutral and mentions a condition prior. POE.
D. Many consumers consider cotton cloth a necessity rather than a luxury and would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are currently paying -- Supports. POE.
E. The species of insect that has infested the cotton plants has never been known to infest soybean plants -- Neutral. POE.

Here reasoning are 1.Insect infestations brought dramatic change 2.cotton plants grow quickly and is of high price
conclusion is : Farmers had stopped growing soyabean and to gain more profit started growing cotton

hence B, Pesticides will be used ---> Infestation may be cured ---> farmers may be at a loss,after all.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 04:29
The correct answer is B because

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

is irrelevant with cotton.

(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.

(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

The prices are already on the upward trend, so nullified

(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

is irrelevant.

Please give kudos if the reasoning makes sense
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 05:38
I am still not sure of the OA. I went with C and to me both B and C look like good choices.
The weakner has to give the farmers a reason why they should not go for Cotton.

Choice B means that the new inseciticide will stop the spoilage of cotton and ultimately support the supply, which ultimately will soften the prices and make getting into the market an unprofitable proposition.

Choice C says there hasn't been an increase in demand for Cotton or goods made of cotton.So farmers getting into the market would support the supply, again softening the prices and make getting into the market an unprofitable proposition.

The reason how the supply would increase is different for the two but the end result is similar.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 07:26
this confused me. I thought the best choice was E because the farmers switching from SOY -> COTTON would face the same exact problems that cotton farmers were facing (so there wouldn't be a viable reason to switch).

I'm overthinking. the correct answer is definitely B but this was a good question.
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GMAT Date: 07-27-2014
Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 12:18
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

The whole point author is trying to drive here is that significant income growth will be seen by switching to cotton crops instead of soy. Its not much about demand. So that's D doesn't fit good.
And cotton crops are being sold for extra because insect infestations are bringing down the throughput and shooting up the prices. So if new pesticide works a mentioned in B then it will weaken plan's (Switching to Cotton for extra income instead of Soy) chances for success.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 02:55
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

Why is C wrong..???
if there has been no demand in the past, then even after producing the cotton, what is the guarantee that cotton will be sold at high price???
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 03:12
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Expert's post
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

[/quote]

jaituteja wrote:
Why is C wrong..???
if there has been no demand in the past, then even after producing the cotton, what is the guarantee that cotton will be sold at high price???

Choice C says, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton. That does not imply that the demand has fallen down. Soybean farmers can still make more money by selling cotton at higher prices to cater current demand.

Choice B directly attacks the conclusion. According to B, newly developed pesticide, which is inexpensive, will soon be used by cotton growers globally, resulting in increased supply of cotton, which will affect the current high prices of cotton
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2013, 03:48
I came very close, i was between B & C but choice B doesn't state anything about the cost of the insecticide. This leaves a gap on the reasoning whether it could be purchased inspite of being available in the market... Wat makes my claim wrong??
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2013, 03:48

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