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# Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 04:19
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 11:05

I actually chose c, but on a second thought B is a better choice than C.

vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 18:01
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shriramvelamuri wrote:

I actually chose c, but on a second thought B is a better choice than C.

vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans as long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Hi shriramvelamuri, and the rest of the GC community,

GMAT Prep questions are always especially valuable. Let's take a look at this question together:

Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

Question Type: Weaken
Missing Information: The argument magically assumes that the plan is actually likely to work
Goal: We need to find the option that destroys the chances that the plan to grow cotton will boost income

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

If these farmers were otherwise going to grow soybeans, and soybeans turn out to be more expensive to grow, this option actually strengthens the idea that switching to cotton will boost income.

B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.

This option introduces the news that there are tests that seem to show that there is be a cure to treat the infestation plaguing cotton. If that were true, then it would significantly weaken the idea that there is a profit opportunity to grow cotton instead of soybeans. The time-frame between when this insecticide leaves testing and when it's available for commercial application could raise an ambiguity though. We always need to check all 5 options, and here that added confirmation would be valuable to determine whether the time-frame of testing to release ambiguity is a big enough concern. All of the other options subsequently prove wrong, so this is the only option that clearly damages the notion that switching to cotton presents an income boosting opportunity.

C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.

This option does nothing for us because for all we know the current demand for cotton is plenty sufficient to support the profitable shift from growing soybeans to cotton. This option just doesn't supply us enough information to know that the current demand for cotton will be problematic. Also notice that option says that "there has been no SHARP increase". That could actually still mean that the demand for cotton is on the rise. In that sense, this option could actually strengthen the proposal.

D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

Prices of cotton HAVE ALREADY increased, and the income boosting opportunity from cotton already exists with prices at current levels. If prices can’t increase further, would that weaken the proposal? No. The prices could be fine enough as they are for the opportunity to still exist. Accordingly, this option does not clearly weaken the likelihood of a boost in income for those who switch to cotton.

E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

This option has absolutely no relevance to a shift from soybeans to cotton. The infestation either could or could not impact soybeans in the future and the move to grow cotton could still be more profitable than growing soybeans has been.
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Last edited by EMPOWERgmatMax on 29 Apr 2015, 20:27, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 19:12
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They have replaced Option D in other link of the same qsn in GMAT Club

Search in google and open that to realize the answer is clearly Option B

But here in this link , there is an clash between B and D

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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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17 May 2015, 06:15
monikaleoster wrote:
Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases of cotton on the world market. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans, the price of which has long been stable and to begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most calls into question the reasoning on which the plan is based?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infected the cotton crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton, and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Many consumers consider cotton cloth a necessity rather than a luxury and would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are currently paying
E. The species of insect that has infested the cotton plants has never been known to infest soybean plants

Here reasoning are 1.Insect infestations brought dramatic change 2.cotton plants grow quickly and is of high price
conclusion is : Farmers had stopped growing soyabean and to gain more profit started growing cotton

B.It attacks he premise on which argument is based.

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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2015, 21:37
Why not E? The soyabean growers assume that their cotton plants will not be infested

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 21:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2016, 12:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Insect Infestations in certain cotton growing regions of the [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 05:24
Hi JarvisR,

The question says that which option calls the reason given into question rather than the argument/plan into question. So, I thought that there might be different reason because of which farmers chose to go with cotton than growing prices. Shouldn't the question explicitly write if it wants to call plan into action?
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 12:16
D is wrong because it addresses a situation in which the price will get even higher than what it is now.
The soy farmers don't expect the price to get even higher, It is already profitable for them to switch into cotton in current prices and actually if they will eventually supply will rise and prices are even expected to get down a bit.

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2017, 10:45
I was stuck between B and E actually...

B is a very plausible answer, and i should have picked it based on simplicity (see below), but i was scared off because it was introducing new information not related to the reasoning stated in the paragraph...

E is still plausible (and makes this a broken question to some extent IMO) because the insects have infected multiple regions and there is no reason to think the same insects arent also living in Ortovia and will cause the same problems. E gives us more reason to believe this, since the farmers might not realize the insects are native to their area since they never attacked their plants before.

Not sure why people were considering C or D... C just means you wont be serving an expanding market, but the whole idea here is that you're replacing production that has died off, so there is still in theory room for your new cotton in the market. D doesnt call your reasoning into question, it helps the plan by validating the higher prices your plan is based on

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 04:05
B.

I was stuck with D then because the business of cotton isn't the only place where cotton can be sold.
If inexpensive pesticides are available then the price of cotton wont go up.

Thus the plan of the farmers to earn profits wont be successful because of the low price of cotton.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 22:39
Hello Experts,

I too have the same questions as NickHalden here. Why are we ruling out E here? Can someone please evaluate E for me?

NickHalden wrote:
Why not the option E ?
The species of insect are not known to infest Soyabean.
With this assumption the farmer grows cotton. But what if the cotton is infested ?
This is a complete loss for the farmer! Isn't it ?
The farmer is assuming that since the soyabean wasn't affected, cotton won't be affected either.

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2017, 02:46
[quote="KASSALMD"]The consumers are already paying a high price for cotton. This is what is prompting soy growers to take up cotton-growing. Whether the consumers will be willing to pay still higher prices is not the question. The question is, whether there will still be shortage of cotton when the soy growers switch to cotton-growing. After all, it was the shortage of cotton due to insect problem that drove the price of cotton up. If this problem is taken care of, then there will no more be any shortage and the price of cotton will come down. Choice B addresses this issue. A new and inexpensive and effective pesticide will increase the yield of cotton.
For me, it is B.[/q

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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2017, 08:38
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.It only talks about soybeans, Irrelevant
(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops. If a cheap cure for insect infestation is found there would be abundance of cotton thus prices will decrease.

(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.Talks about the past several years Not relevant

(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.Quite vague-Irrelevant

(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.
Out of scope

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2017, 08:06
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.

(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.

(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

Looking to weaken the argument that raising cotton will increase profits for the farmers.

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
Eliminate-strengthens argument in that it gives a reason to switch to raising cotton as opposed to soybeans
(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
Keep- gives a reason why farmers should not make the switch to growing cotton because eliminating the infestation will bring prices back down thus not increasing profits for the farmers.
(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
Eliminate-statement tells us that demand is steady which would not lead to a rise in profits for the farmers.

(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
Eliminate-prices are already high so customers increased willingness to pay would not weaken the farmers' plan to grow cotton.

(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.
Eliminate because we are specifically interested in weakening the argument about growing cotton and this information is irrelevant in evaluating the argument

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 08:06

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