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# Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the

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Director
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 07:34
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

(A) The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

(B) Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.

(C) In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.

(D) Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

(E) The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 07:46
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i went for C, thought Im not sure. My reasoning is that since the demand has not increased at all, then all that is going to result is a glut of cotton on the market, which means that supply is very high and the farmers will not necessarily get the revenue they expect.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 07:48
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops. looks good..but i think this is a trap, remember we have to weaken the conclusion

C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
demand is steady , but supply is lower so this one is out
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants. irrelevant

I found it really tough between B and D. B initially looks good, but we are trying to weaken the conclusion that High Price of cotton would mean bonanza for farmers. With D we know that with high price, the demand will go down and therefore this won't be as profitable for the farmers as they think.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 11:07
i feel B is best..

i was also stuck between B and D

if i have to weaken the argument, i somehow have to weaken its assumption..and assumption is that cotton prices have gone up due to shortage of supply and that is due to infestation..

so B directly weakens that..

D while correct..what if cotton has other uses other than consumer market? maybe its used for cotton seed extraction oil that is used as a bio-fuel??
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 12:03
I would select C on a d-day but after reading other peoples reasoning I m confused .
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 12:15
The plan is to grow cotton and make money / profit out of it

option D directly attacks the main purpose of making money ......

B only attacks at the supply position of cotton

so to me out of B and D , D is more appropriate

whats the OA
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2008, 13:10
maulikmajithia wrote:
The plan is to grow cotton and make money / profit out of it

option D directly attacks the main purpose of making money ......

B only attacks at the supply position of cotton

so to me out of B and D , D is more appropriate

whats the OA

C says that there is no sharp increase in Demand. So lets say this is true. Two things however effect price. supply and demand. this question is all bout supply and that fact that its low,,ie prices are extremely high. So I ruled this one out since it doesn't weaken at all. If on the other hand C said that there has been a sharp decrease in Demand, i'd go for it.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 22:48
OA is B
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2008, 23:43
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I agree with OA,

Clearly the fight is between B and D

one inportant point against D - it says there'll be few customers willing to pay "significantly" higher prices than today's price. Question stem clearly says that even today's cotton prices are on a higher side. So even if farmers dont get "significant" increase from today's price, they'll still be making profits.... they Key here is "significant".

Last edited by durgesh79 on 18 Jun 2008, 21:33, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 00:06
Late but I'd say its B. If a pesticide will fix cotton infestation, then the prices will drop over the next few years. Hence the conclusion is weakened.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2008, 12:56
prasannar wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.

B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.

C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.

D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.

E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

Will gow with B here as the pesticide may eradicate the insects infesting cotton crops soon and the prices will again drop pretty soon and hence the plan might not reap the expected benefits.
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2008, 19:32
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2008, 19:59
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Need to find premise(s) for argument and its conclusion. Conclusion is soybean growers wants to change for getting higher profit or income by growing cotton. And premise given is its price is higher and matures quickly.

Only D provides a weakening statement, saying that no customers want to pay for the higher price, the case where the changers would not get higher income. By attacking the weak point of the premise and conclusion relationship, we could get a right answer for this kind of question.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 01:58
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 08:34
The consumers are already paying a high price for cotton. This is what is prompting soy growers to take up cotton-growing. Whether the consumers will be willing to pay still higher prices is not the question. The question is, whether there will still be shortage of cotton when the soy growers switch to cotton-growing. After all, it was the shortage of cotton due to insect problem that drove the price of cotton up. If this problem is taken care of, then there will no more be any shortage and the price of cotton will come down. Choice B addresses this issue. A new and inexpensive and effective pesticide will increase the yield of cotton.
For me, it is B.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 08:52
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Looks like the answers are all over the place. The conclusion is Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

IMO D is wrong because Farmers don't deal with consumers of cotton goods.

B makes sense to me but the environmentally safe part made me feel out of scope. C does not tell us if the pest problem is gone or not to say that there will be more supply than demand.

B looks better than C as B says effective and inexpensive pesticide and every one will do it causing demand to come down and prices to drop making it less profitable
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 09:29
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ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 11:09
kaushikb wrote:
ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B

Same reasoning can be given for D. As customers are unwilling to pay more, the demand will fall & hence prices will also fall.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world hav [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 11:21
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Insect infestations have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market and soybean growers plan begin raising cotton to take advantage of the high price of cotton and to increase their income. Only "B" weakens the assumption of soybean raiser by stating that inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops. Hence ans is B
OA Is B
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2010, 07:33
I went with C but, after reading the reasoning , I agree with OA
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2010, 07:33

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