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# Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the

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Senior Manager
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2008, 19:32
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?
If you have any questions
New!
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24 Sep 2008, 19:59
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Need to find premise(s) for argument and its conclusion. Conclusion is soybean growers wants to change for getting higher profit or income by growing cotton. And premise given is its price is higher and matures quickly.

Only D provides a weakening statement, saying that no customers want to pay for the higher price, the case where the changers would not get higher income. By attacking the weak point of the premise and conclusion relationship, we could get a right answer for this kind of question.
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25 Sep 2008, 01:58
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

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25 Sep 2008, 08:34
The consumers are already paying a high price for cotton. This is what is prompting soy growers to take up cotton-growing. Whether the consumers will be willing to pay still higher prices is not the question. The question is, whether there will still be shortage of cotton when the soy growers switch to cotton-growing. After all, it was the shortage of cotton due to insect problem that drove the price of cotton up. If this problem is taken care of, then there will no more be any shortage and the price of cotton will come down. Choice B addresses this issue. A new and inexpensive and effective pesticide will increase the yield of cotton.
For me, it is B.
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25 Sep 2008, 08:52
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Looks like the answers are all over the place. The conclusion is Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.

IMO D is wrong because Farmers don't deal with consumers of cotton goods.

B makes sense to me but the environmentally safe part made me feel out of scope. C does not tell us if the pest problem is gone or not to say that there will be more supply than demand.

B looks better than C as B says effective and inexpensive pesticide and every one will do it causing demand to come down and prices to drop making it less profitable
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25 Sep 2008, 09:29
ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B
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25 Sep 2008, 11:09
kaushikb wrote:
ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B

Same reasoning can be given for D. As customers are unwilling to pay more, the demand will fall & hence prices will also fall.
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25 Sep 2008, 11:21
vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Insect infestations have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market and soybean growers plan begin raising cotton to take advantage of the high price of cotton and to increase their income. Only "B" weakens the assumption of soybean raiser by stating that inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops. Hence ans is B
OA Is B
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13 Jan 2012, 10:33
jatinrai wrote:
kaushikb wrote:
ANSWER - B, the wider ramification of the arguement is that with a cheaper and enviromentally safe pesticide, usage of the same shall go up. This will lead to the fall of prices of cotton and hence the supply demand eqn will square off.

Hence IMO - B

Same reasoning can be given for D. As customers are unwilling to pay more, the demand will fall & hence prices will also fall.

Just because customers are not willing to pay higher prices, prices will not fall down unless those low prices still yield profits for farmers. If that is the case (i.e., farmers get profits with low prices), they will continue with growing cotton and earn money; otherwise they exit business. Hence D is ruled out.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2012, 03:26
answer is B.The primary reason for the cotton prices to be more is due to the insect infestations.Now since there is a new pesticide available which is a remedy to the solution .The prices are ought to be down .Hence answer B.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 05:19
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 12:05

I actually chose c, but on a second thought B is a better choice than C.

vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

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Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.

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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 19:01
shriramvelamuri wrote:

I actually chose c, but on a second thought B is a better choice than C.

vivektripathi wrote:
Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.

Question is realy tricky, can some explain how to crack these kind of CR questions?

Hi shriramvelamuri, and the rest of the GC community,

GMAT Prep questions are always especially valuable. Let's take a look at this question together:

Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic
increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans
has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean
growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead,
thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly,
at least over the next several years
.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the plan’s chances for success?

Question Type: Weaken
Missing Information: The argument magically assumes that the plan is actually likely to work
Goal: We need to find the option that destroys the chances that the plan to grow cotton will boost income

A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several
years and is expected to continue to climb.
If these farmers were otherwise going to grow soybeans, and soybeans turn out to be more expensive to grow,
this option actually strengthens the idea that switching to cotton will boost income.

B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both
environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton
crops.
This option introduces the news that there are tests that seem to show that there is be a cure to treat
the infestation plaguing cotton. If that were true, then it would significantly weaken the idea that there is a profit opportunity
to grow cotton instead of soybeans. The time-frame between when this insecticide leaves testing and when it's available for
commercial application could raise an ambiguity though. We always need to check all 5 options,
and here that added confirmation would be valuable to determine whether the time-frame of testing to release
ambiguity is a big enough concern. All of the other options subsequently prove wrong, so this is the only option
that clearly damages the notion that switching to cotton presents an income boosting opportunity.

C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for
cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
This option does nothing for us because for all we know the current demand for cotton is
plenty sufficient to support the profitable shift from growing soybeans to cotton. This option just doesn't
supply us enough information to know that the current demand for cotton will be problematic. Also notice
that option says that "there has been no SHARP increase". That could actually still mean that the demand
for cotton is on the rise. In that sense, this option could actually strengthen the proposal.

D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton
goods than they are now paying.
Prices of cotton HAVE ALREADY increased, and the income boosting opportunity from cotton
already exists with prices at current levels. If prices can’t increase further, would that weaken the proposal? No.
The prices could be fine enough as they are for the opportunity to still exist. Accordingly, this option does not
clearly weaken the likelihood of a boost in income for those who switch to cotton.

E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to
attack soybean plants.
This option has absolutely no relevance to a shift from soybeans to cotton. The infestation either could or
could not impact soybeans in the future and the move to grow cotton could still be more profitable than
growing soybeans has been.

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Last edited by EMPOWERgmatMax on 29 Apr 2015, 21:27, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 20:12
1
KUDOS
They have replaced Option D in other link of the same qsn in GMAT Club

Search in google and open that to realize the answer is clearly Option B

But here in this link , there is an clash between B and D

Re: Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2015, 20:12
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