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Is k2 odd? (1) k - 1 is divisible by 2. (2) The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k.

Question Is k^2 odd?

Stmt1: k-1 is divisible by 2.

(k-1)/2 = m where m is some integer k-1 = 2m k = 2m+1. Now this is the equation of any odd number

Hence k is odd. Therefore k^2 is odd. Sufficient.

Stmt2: The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k sum = k(k+1)/2 Sum/k = m where m is some integer k(k+1)/2k = m (k+1)/2 = m k=2m-1. This again represents odd number.

Hence k is odd. Therefore k^2 is odd. Sufficient.

OA D

Both statements imply that k is an integer.

Is k^2 odd?

(1) k - 1 is divisible by 2 --> \(k-1=even\) --> \(k=even+1=odd=integer\) --> \(k^2=odd^2=odd\). Sufficient.

(2) The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k. Here k must be a positive integer because otherwise the statement does not make sense.

Properties of consecutive integers: • If n is odd, the sum of n consecutive integers is always divisible by n. Given \(\{9,10,11\}\), we have \(n=3=odd\) consecutive integers. The sum is 9+10+11=30, which is divisible by 3. • If n is even, the sum of n consecutive integers is never divisible by n. Given \(\{9,10,11,12\}\), we have \(n=4=even\) consecutive integers. The sum is 9+10+11+12=42, which is NOT divisible by 4.

The statement says that the sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k, which, according to the above means that k is odd, therefore \(k^2=odd^2=odd\). Sufficient.

Ah, you are right. I have omitted one additional step.

Group the a's together and group the numbers together to get: ka + k(k-1)/2 Factor out a k. k(a+ (k-1)/2) For this to be divisible by k, (a + (k-1)/2) must be a integer. So therefore k must be odd, otherwise the (k-1)/2) term would be a fraction...

Is k2 odd? (1) k - 1 is divisible by 2. (2) The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k.

Question Is k^2 odd?

Stmt1: k-1 is divisible by 2.

(k-1)/2 = m where m is some integer k-1 = 2m k = 2m+1. Now this is the equation of any odd number

Hence k is odd. Therefore k^2 is odd. Sufficient.

Stmt2: The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k sum = k(k+1)/2 Sum/k = m where m is some integer k(k+1)/2k = m (k+1)/2 = m k=2m-1. This again represents odd number.

Hence k is odd. Therefore k^2 is odd. Sufficient.

OA D
_________________

My dad once said to me: Son, nothing succeeds like success.

I would like to point out a small possible improvement in your analysis, which is otherwise on track.

The sum of k consecutive integers is not k(k+1)/2. This is the expression for the sum of the first k natural numbers. Example: The sum of three consecutive integers 50,51,and 52 is not 3(3+1)/2.

The expression for the sum of k consecutive integers is ak + k(k-1)/2, where a is the first number and k is the number of terms. In this question, you may have assumed that k consecutive integers can also be n consecutive natural numbers and so used the expression k(k+1)/2.

The OA is (D) as explained by cellydan
_________________

Is k2 odd? (1) k - 1 is divisible by 2. (2) The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k.

Question Is k^2 odd?

Stmt1: k-1 is divisible by 2.

(k-1)/2 = m where m is some integer k-1 = 2m k = 2m+1. Now this is the equation of any odd number

Hence k is odd. Therefore k^2 is odd. Sufficient.

Stmt2: The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k sum = k(k+1)/2 Sum/k = m where m is some integer k(k+1)/2k = m (k+1)/2 = m k=2m-1. This again represents odd number.

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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_________________

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

Here we need to get i k is even/odd Statement 1 (k-1)/2=integer hence k-1=2m for some integer m k=2m+1=> odd hence sufficient Statement 2 Here we can use a simple Rule =>

SUM OF N CONSECUTIVES IS DIVISIBLE BY N FOR N BEING ODD AND NEVER DIVISIBLE BY N FOR N BEING EVEN

Hence K must be odd Alternatively, Since consecutives inters form an AP mean = median It is given that mean = integer so median => integer too hence number of terms must be odd hence K is odd

(1) k - 1 is divisible by 2. (2) The sum of k consecutive integers is divisible by k.

FROM STATEMENT - I( SUFFICIENT )

Since, k - 1 is divisible by 2 ; k must be Odd because -

Odd - 1 = Even ( Which is divisible by 2 )

FROM STATEMENT - II( SUFFICIENT )

Test using numebrs...

Sum of 2 consecutive integers is 3 ( which is not divisible by 2 ) Sum of 3 consecutive integers is 6 ( which is divisible by 3 ) Sum of 4 consecutive integers is 10 ( which is not divisible by 4 ) Sum of 5 consecutive integers is 15 ( which is divisible by 5 )

So, we can safely conclude k = Odd...

And \(Odd^2\) = Odd Thus, EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked, answer will be (D).... _________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

PROMPT ANALYSIS K is a natural number of the form 2n (even) or 2n+1 (odd)

SUPERSET The answer will be either YES or NO.

TRANSLATION In order to find the value, we need: Exact value of k. Any equation to solve for k. Any characteristics of k.

STATEMENT ANALYSIS

St 1: if k is 2n, k-1 is 2n -1 which odd and hence cannot be divisible by 2. If k is 2n+1, k-1 is 2n, which is even, hence divisible by 2. Therefore k is odd. SUFFICIENT. Hence option b, c, e eliminated.

St 2: let us take the following set:a, a+1, a+2,a+3 ………. a+k -1. Sum is equal to ka + k(k-1)/2 When sum is divided by k we get a +(k-1)/2. For the expression to be an integer, k-1 has to be even, hence k is odd. SUFFICIENT, hence option a is rejected.