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[x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an in

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[x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2018, 05:01
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:34) correct 43% (01:11) wrong based on 37 sessions

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[GMAT math practice question]

[x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an integer, what is the value of [x]?

1) The greatest integer less than x is 1
2) The nearest integer to x is 0

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Re: [x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2018, 08:16
1
To find the value of [x]

Statement 1

The greatest integer less than x is 1

=> The range of x is 1 < x < 2

=> [x] is 2

Statement 1 is sufficient

Statement 2

The nearest integer to x is 0

x can be -0.1 => [x] = 0

x can be 0.1 => [x] = 1

Statement 2 is not sufficient

Hence option A
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Re: [x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 01:24
=>
Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each of the conditions on their own first.

[x] can be defined in the following way:
If n – 1 < x ≤ n, where n is an integer, then [x] = n.

Condition 1)
We have 1 < x < 2.
Thus, [x] = 2.
Condition 1) is sufficient, since we have a unique solution.

Condition 2)
If x = 0.1, then [x] = 1.
If x = -0.1, then [x] = 0.
Since we do not have a unique answer, condition 2) is not sufficient.

Therefore, A is the answer.

Answer: A
Normally, in problems which require 2 equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E.
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Re: [x] is the least integer greater than or equal to x. If x is not an in &nbs [#permalink] 20 Jul 2018, 01:24
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