Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 26 Mar 2017, 08:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a

Author Message
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2756
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 898 [0], given: 4

is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 May 2007, 22:38
This topic is locked. If you want to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum.

is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a number? let's say 28 squared...
Senior Manager
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 271
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 May 2007, 22:41
i'd just multiply it 28*28 it's a pretty quick method
Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2007
Posts: 217
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 May 2007, 22:45
there is no shortcut to success ..

but for few squares there is
9998^2

(10000-2)^2 now apply a^2+b^2-2*a*b

any other inputs
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2005
Posts: 1145
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 198 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 May 2007, 00:20
apache wrote:
there is no shortcut to success ..

but for few squares there is
9998^2

(10000-2)^2 now apply a^2+b^2-2*a*b

any other inputs

nice ! thanks apache.

Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 903
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

16 May 2007, 00:28
bmwhype2 wrote:
is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a number? let's say 28 squared...

= (30 - 2)^2
= 900 - 120 + 4= 784
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2756
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 898 [0], given: 4

### Show Tags

18 May 2007, 17:30
Himalayan wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a number? let's say 28 squared...

= (30 - 2)^2
= 900 - 120 + 4= 784

nice. but its more tedious than multiplying 28x28.
Current Student
Joined: 22 Apr 2007
Posts: 1097
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 May 2007, 21:59
Funny. Yesterday I was telling my wife how I calculated 97 x 97 in my mind (For a problem she was trying to solve). I obviously used (a-b)^2. But when I told how it's done, my wife said .. she'd rather multiply 97s
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 903
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 May 2007, 22:45
bmwhype2 wrote:
Himalayan wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
is there a shortcut to quickly calculate a square of a number? let's say 28 squared...

= (30 - 2)^2
= 900 - 120 + 4= 784

nice. but its more tedious than multiplying 28x28.

what is the square of 57?

1. 3212
2. 3230
3. 3241
4. 3244
5. 3249

in this case you can easily pick 5 because 7 x 7 (unit digits) is 9. so we can take the clue like this. but if answer choices are all or some are with 9 as unit digits, then it is really time consuming and we should follow either formula or multiplication.....
Intern
Joined: 08 Oct 2006
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

19 May 2007, 06:09
Hi,
This can be done using Vedic mathematics( though not required for GMAT) nevertheless please see below.

Example : Suppose we have to multiple 12 by 13

1. We multiply the left hand most digit 1 of the multiplicand vertically by the left hand most digit 1 of the multiplier , get their product as 1 and set it down as the left-hand-most part of the answer;
2. We then multiply 1and 3, and 1 and 2 cross-wise , add the two, get 5 as the sum and set it down ad the middle part of the answer ; and
3. We multiply 2 and 3 vertically , get 6 as their product and put it down as the last right-hand-most part of the answer.

Thus 12 x 13 = 156

12
13
___________
1:3+2:6=156

Coming back to the problem at hand we need 28 x 28

Answer is (2*2+ carry forward from prev) : (2*8 +2*8+ carry forward from prev): ( 8x8)

which is (4+carry):(16+16+6):4
or (4+3):84
or 784
Attachments

File comment: Vedic Math - multiplication
Vedic_math_multiplication.doc [30 KiB]

VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2005
Posts: 1145
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 198 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

19 May 2007, 06:22
wow !

thanks for sharing manish.gmat

http://tinyurl.com/3dzeyb

Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 903
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

19 May 2007, 09:56
manish.gmat wrote:
Hi,
This can be done using Vedic mathematics( though not required for GMAT) nevertheless please see below.

Example : Suppose we have to multiple 12 by 13

1. We multiply the left hand most digit 1 of the multiplicand vertically by the left hand most digit 1 of the multiplier , get their product as 1 and set it down as the left-hand-most part of the answer;
2. We then multiply 1and 3, and 1 and 2 cross-wise , add the two, get 5 as the sum and set it down ad the middle part of the answer ; and
3. We multiply 2 and 3 vertically , get 6 as their product and put it down as the last right-hand-most part of the answer.

Thus 12 x 13 = 156

12
13
___________
1:3+2:6=156

Coming back to the problem at hand we need 28 x 28

Answer is (2*2+ carry forward from prev) : (2*8 +2*8+ carry forward from prev): ( 8x8)

which is (4+carry):(16+16+6):4
or (4+3):84
or 784

KillerSquirrel wrote:
wow !

thanks for sharing manish.gmat

http://tinyurl.com/3dzeyb

both are wonderful. thanks.
GMAT Forum Moderator
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 356
Schools: Wharton Class of 2011
Followers: 24

Kudos [?]: 90 [0], given: 14

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2007, 07:30
There is one method that yields accurate results for all numbers. It is especialy applicable to numbers less than 30, you can solve their squares without paper. For numbers over 30 it requiers just one multiplication with multiples of 10 which is quite straightforward. Here we go:

28^2 = (28+8)*20 + 8^2
= 36*20 + 64
= 720+64 = 784

Another example:

57^2 = (57+7)*50 + 7^2
= 64*50 + 49
= 3200 + 49 = 3249

And one more:

97^2 = (97+7)*90 + 7^2
= 104*90 + 49
at this point you may need a paper and pencil, but calculation is very straightforward since you have to multiply 1040 with 9
= 9360 + 49 = 9409

The strongest points of this technique are its simplicity and ability to calculate even most complicated numbers, even 13 or 14 digit numbers which i have to doubt anyone will ever see on actual test.
SVP
Joined: 01 May 2006
Posts: 1797
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 152 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2007, 07:37
Pathfinder_77 wrote:
There is one method that yields accurate results for all numbers. It is especialy applicable to numbers less than 30, you can solve their squares without paper. For numbers over 30 it requiers just one multiplication with multiples of 10 which is quite straightforward. Here we go:

28^2 = (28+8)*20 + 8^2
= 36*20 + 64
= 720+64 = 784

Another example:

57^2 = (57+7)*50 + 7^2
= 64*50 + 49
= 3200 + 49 = 3249

And one more:

97^2 = (97+7)*90 + 7^2
= 104*90 + 49
at this point you may need a paper and pencil, but calculation is very straightforward since you have to multiply 1040 with 9
= 9360 + 49 = 9409

The strongest points of this technique are its simplicity and ability to calculate even most complicated numbers, even 13 or 14 digit numbers which i have to doubt anyone will ever see on actual test.

Interesting ... Welcome to the GMATClub !

To me... well... I prefer to do 57 * 57 by the usual way of calculating by hand .... I mean I don't feel that I'm going less fast than by doing your technic
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1381
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2007, 20:19
All set and one one has to practice really hard to master the techniques. Other they may prove to counter your accuracy.
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2491
Followers: 69

Kudos [?]: 760 [0], given: 19

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2007, 21:04
Thanks everybody for your methods and certainly it is nice to know new methods of calculation.

I liked this one because it is easy to multiply integers by 100: 97^2
= (100-3)^2
= 100^2 - 2x100x3 + 3^2
= 10,000 - 600 + 9
= 9,400 + 9
= 9,409
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2756
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 898 [0], given: 4

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2007, 04:41
GMAT TIGER wrote:
Thanks everybody for your methods and certainly it is nice to know new methods of calculation.

I liked this one because it is easy to multiply integers by 100: 97^2
= (100-3)^2
= 100^2 - 2x100x3 + 3^2
= 10,000 - 600 + 9
= 9,400 + 9
= 9,409

http://www.gmatclub.com/forum/t55624
18 Nov 2007, 04:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by