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# Is x>0? 1) x+1>0

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
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21 Nov 2017, 17:18
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62% (01:43) correct 38% (01:48) wrong based on 111 sessions

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[GMAT math practice question]
Is $$x>0$$?

1) $$x+1>0$$
2) $$|x+4| < |x-2|$$

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"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course" "Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test" "Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself" ##### Most Helpful Community Reply Intern Joined: 30 Sep 2017 Posts: 38 Location: India Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management Schools: IIM Udaipur '17 GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V37 GPA: 3.7 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities) Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Nov 2017, 18:40 7 I have a different approach to view Statement 2. Please see and confirm my understanding is correct. Bunuel wrote: Raksat wrote: chetan2u MathRevolution My query is : Can we always square both the sides in an inequality involving modulus on both the sides as it is in this question. And why will the sign remain same after squaring ? 1. We can raise both parts of an inequality to an even power if we know that both parts of an inequality are non-negative (the same for taking an even root of both sides of an inequality). For example: $$2<4$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$2^2<4^2$$; $$0\leq{x}<{y}$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$x^2<y^2$$; But if either of side is negative then raising to even power doesn't always work. For example: $$1>-2$$ if we square we'll get $$1>4$$ which is not right. So if given that $$x>y$$ then we cannot square both sides and write $$x^2>y^2$$ if we are not certain that both $$x$$ and $$y$$ are non-negative. 2. We can always raise both parts of an inequality to an odd power (the same for taking an odd root of both sides of an inequality). For example: $$-2<-1$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$-2^3=-8<-1=-1^3$$ or $$-5<1$$ --> $$-5^3=-125<1=1^3$$; $$x<y$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$x^3<y^3$$. Check for more here: Manipulating Inequalities (adding, subtracting, squaring etc.). 9. Inequalities For more check Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread Attachments WhatsApp Image 2017-11-26 at 08.06.42.jpeg [ 50.4 KiB | Viewed 1078 times ] _________________ If you like my post, motivate me by giving kudos... ##### General Discussion Manager Joined: 20 Feb 2017 Posts: 166 Location: India Concentration: Operations, Strategy WE: Engineering (Other) Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Nov 2017, 07:19 1 From statement 1 : x>-1 so x could be -0.5,-0.8,0 1,5 ,7 .... hence insufficient from statement 2 x<-1 (sufficient) explanation : we have 3 cases to check : (x>2),(-4<x<2) and (x<-4) when x>2 x+4-x+2>0 - no solution when -4<x<2 x+4-(-(x-2))<0 => x<-1 when x<-4 -x-4-(-(x-2))<0 again no solution Hence B is the answer _________________ If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than$)

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2017, 07:45
1
(1) First statement is obviously insufficient because x+1 > 0 tells us that x > -1. So x could lie between 0 and -1 or it could be >0.

(2) |x+4| > |x-2|
One way of looking at this statement is as follows:

|x-(-4)| < |x-2|

This tells us that 'Distance between x and -4' on the number line is lesser than 'Distance between x and 2'. Now which number lies exactly in the middle of -4 and 2 ? That number is -1 (3 steps away from -4 and 3 steps away from 2).
So, all numbers to the right of -1 will have the property that their distance from -4 will be greater than their distance from 2. So they wont satisfy the condition given in this statement.
But, all the numbers to the left of -1 will have the property that their distance from -4 will be less than their distance from 2. All these numbers are the only numbers which will satisfy the given inequality in this statement.

Thus on the basis of second statement alone we can conclude that x lies to the left of -1 on the number line. So x must be negative and hence cannot be >0. We get NO as the answer.

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2017, 07:52
Raksat wrote:
From statement 1 :
x>-1
so x could be -0.5,-0.8,0 1,5 ,7 .... hence insufficient
from statement 2
x<-1 (sufficient)
explanation : we have 3 cases to check : (x>2),(-4<x<2) and (x<-4)
when x>2
x+4-x+2>0 - no solution
when -4<x<2
x+4-(-(x-2))<0
=> x<-1
when x<-4
-x-4-(-(x-2))<0 again no solution

Good solution Raksat. May I point out though that in the last step we get -2 < 0, which is TRUE. This means all the values of x which are less than -4 will satisfy the given inequality. So x < -1, YES, and it also includes all values which are less than -4.

I think you already know this, I just thought writing 'no solution' probably doesnt fit in here. Hence pointing it out
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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2017, 08:13
amanvermagmat wrote:
Raksat wrote:
From statement 1 :
x>-1
so x could be -0.5,-0.8,0 1,5 ,7 .... hence insufficient
from statement 2
x<-1 (sufficient)
explanation : we have 3 cases to check : (x>2),(-4<x<2) and (x<-4)
when x>2
x+4-x+2>0 - no solution
when -4<x<2
x+4-(-(x-2))<0
=> x<-1
when x<-4
-x-4-(-(x-2))<0 again no solution

Good solution Raksat. May I point out though that in the last step we get -2 < 0, which is TRUE. This means all the values of x which are less than -4 will satisfy the given inequality. So x < -1, YES, and it also includes all values which are less than -4.

I think you already know this, I just thought writing 'no solution' probably doesnt fit in here. Hence pointing it out

yes... any value less than -4 will satisfy the given inequality and in turn answer the question stem.
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If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than $) Intern Joined: 22 Nov 2017 Posts: 1 Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Nov 2017, 09:12 Explanation for |x+4|<|x−2|: Can there be any number to which we add 4 and it becomes less than the number that we get after subtracting 2 from it? NOT POSSIBLE. This is only possible when x is negative and we compare absolute values. Thus, x has to be negative or x < 0. Its good to solve the inequality and arrive at the conclusion methodically. But even if we don't do that, we can address the sufficiency question. Math Expert Joined: 02 Aug 2009 Posts: 7039 Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Nov 2017, 09:56 1 MathRevolution wrote: [GMAT math practice question] Is $$x>0$$? 1) $$x+1>0$$ 2) $$|x+4| < |x-2|$$ Hi.. Just for those who would be looking for ranges in statement II.. 1) x+1>0 x>-1... So x could be 0.... Ans NO X could be 3.... ANS Yes Insuff 2) |x+4|<|x-2| Square both sides.. $$x^2+8x+16<x^2-4x+4......12x<-12.....x<-1$$ Ans NO Suff B _________________ 1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372 2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html 3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html GMAT online Tutor Manager Joined: 20 Feb 2017 Posts: 166 Location: India Concentration: Operations, Strategy WE: Engineering (Other) Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Nov 2017, 10:14 chetan2u wrote: MathRevolution wrote: [GMAT math practice question] Is $$x>0$$? 1) $$x+1>0$$ 2) $$|x+4| < |x-2|$$ Hi.. Just for those who would be looking for ranges in statement II.. 1) x+1>0 x>-1... So x could be 0.... Ans NO X could be 3.... ANS Yes Insuff 2) |x+4|<|x-2| Square both sides.. $$x^2+8x+16<x^2-4x+4......12x<-12.....x<-1$$ Ans NO Suff B i dont think we can square here . consider x= 1 then 5^2>1^2 -3<x<5 squaring 0<x^2<25 _________________ If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than$)

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22 Nov 2017, 10:56
Raksat wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
MathRevolution wrote:
[GMAT math practice question]
Is $$x>0$$?

1) $$x+1>0$$
2) $$|x+4| < |x-2|$$

Hi..
Just for those who would be looking for ranges in statement II..

1) x+1>0
x>-1...
So x could be 0.... Ans NO
X could be 3.... ANS Yes
Insuff

2) |x+4|<|x-2|
Square both sides..
$$x^2+8x+16<x^2-4x+4......12x<-12.....x<-1$$
Ans NO
Suff

B

i dont think we can square here .
consider x= 1 then 5^2>1^2
-3<x<5
squaring
0<x^2<25[/quote]

Sorry I have not understood your query..
The equation is |x+4|<|x-2|

So x=-2 means |-2+4|<|-2-2|......2<4..
.ok
Test all values
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

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Updated on: 23 Nov 2017, 11:54
1
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
$$x + 1 > 0$$
$$x > -1$$
Since the range of the question does not include the range of the condition, this is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
$$|x+4| < |x-2| ⟺|x+4|^2 < |x-2|^2 ⟺(x+4)^2 < (x-2)^2 ⟺x^2 + 8x + 16 < x^2 -4x + 4 ⟺8x + 16 < -4x + 4 ⟺12x < -12$$
$$⟺x < -1$$
By CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, ‘no’ is also an answer.
This is sufficient.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

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"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course" "Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test" "Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself" Originally posted by MathRevolution on 22 Nov 2017, 18:41. Last edited by MathRevolution on 23 Nov 2017, 11:54, edited 1 time in total. Manager Joined: 20 Feb 2017 Posts: 166 Location: India Concentration: Operations, Strategy WE: Engineering (Other) Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Nov 2017, 20:59 chetan2u MathRevolution My query is : Can we always square both the sides in an inequality involving modulus on both the sides as it is in this question. And why will the sign remain same after squaring ? _________________ If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than$)

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2017, 23:45
1
Raksat wrote:
chetan2u MathRevolution
My query is : Can we always square both the sides in an inequality involving modulus on both the sides as it is in this question. And why will the sign remain same after squaring ?

Hi Raksat

I think we can square here because both sides are under modulus. Modulus of anything can never be negative. Lets say you are given that a non negative quantity a is less than a non negative quantity b. Since both are non-negative, we can safely say that square of a will be less than square of b. (you can take any two non negative quantities whether integers or fractions and check)
Now |x+4| is < |x-2|. Since both |x+4| and |x-2| are non negative (since they are absolute values) we can safely square both sides.
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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2017, 23:50
1
3
Raksat wrote:
chetan2u MathRevolution
My query is : Can we always square both the sides in an inequality involving modulus on both the sides as it is in this question. And why will the sign remain same after squaring ?

1. We can raise both parts of an inequality to an even power if we know that both parts of an inequality are non-negative (the same for taking an even root of both sides of an inequality).
For example:
$$2<4$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$2^2<4^2$$;
$$0\leq{x}<{y}$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$x^2<y^2$$;

But if either of side is negative then raising to even power doesn't always work.
For example: $$1>-2$$ if we square we'll get $$1>4$$ which is not right. So if given that $$x>y$$ then we cannot square both sides and write $$x^2>y^2$$ if we are not certain that both $$x$$ and $$y$$ are non-negative.

2. We can always raise both parts of an inequality to an odd power (the same for taking an odd root of both sides of an inequality).
For example:
$$-2<-1$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$-2^3=-8<-1=-1^3$$ or $$-5<1$$ --> $$-5^3=-125<1=1^3$$;
$$x<y$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$x^3<y^3$$.

Check for more here: Manipulating Inequalities (adding, subtracting, squaring etc.).

9. Inequalities

For more check Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 19:03
1
Dear Bunuel, MathRevolution
As per the Statement 1: x>-1 ahile Statement 2 ,x< -1. Doesnt it makes the question inconsistent.

Regards
MathRevolution wrote:
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
$$x + 1 > 0$$
$$x > -1$$
Since the range of the question does not include the range of the condition, this is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
$$|x+4| < |x-2| ⟺|x+4|^2 < |x-2|^2 ⟺(x+4)^2 < (x-2)^2 ⟺x^2 + 8x + 16 < x^2 -4x + 4 ⟺8x + 16 < -4x + 4 ⟺12x < -12$$
$$⟺x < -1$$
By CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, ‘no’ is also an answer.
This is sufficient.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 19:25
Barui wrote:
Dear Bunuel, MathRevolution
As per the Statement 1: x>-1 ahile Statement 2 ,x< -1. Doesnt it makes the question inconsistent.

Regards
MathRevolution wrote:
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
$$x + 1 > 0$$
$$x > -1$$
Since the range of the question does not include the range of the condition, this is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
$$|x+4| < |x-2| ⟺|x+4|^2 < |x-2|^2 ⟺(x+4)^2 < (x-2)^2 ⟺x^2 + 8x + 16 < x^2 -4x + 4 ⟺8x + 16 < -4x + 4 ⟺12x < -12$$
$$⟺x < -1$$
By CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, ‘no’ is also an answer.
This is sufficient.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

I am no expert in quants but as far as I could understand.. The question stem is

*IS X<0* and we need a definite answer to this question.

Statement A does not give us a definite answer....
Whereas
Statement B gives us a definite answer....

That's what I could understand.

Correct me if I am wrong

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 22:04
Hi Barui

Barui wrote:
I have a different approach to view Statement 2.
Please see and confirm my understanding is correct.

Bunuel wrote:
Raksat wrote:
chetan2u MathRevolution
My query is : Can we always square both the sides in an inequality involving modulus on both the sides as it is in this question. And why will the sign remain same after squaring ?

1. We can raise both parts of an inequality to an even power if we know that both parts of an inequality are non-negative (the same for taking an even root of both sides of an inequality).
For example:
$$2<4$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$2^2<4^2$$;
$$0\leq{x}<{y}$$ --> we can square both sides and write: $$x^2<y^2$$;

But if either of side is negative then raising to even power doesn't always work.
For example: $$1>-2$$ if we square we'll get $$1>4$$ which is not right. So if given that $$x>y$$ then we cannot square both sides and write $$x^2>y^2$$ if we are not certain that both $$x$$ and $$y$$ are non-negative.

2. We can always raise both parts of an inequality to an odd power (the same for taking an odd root of both sides of an inequality).
For example:
$$-2<-1$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$-2^3=-8<-1=-1^3$$ or $$-5<1$$ --> $$-5^3=-125<1=1^3$$;
$$x<y$$ --> we can raise both sides to third power and write: $$x^3<y^3$$.

Check for more here: Manipulating Inequalities (adding, subtracting, squaring etc.).

9. Inequalities

For more check Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread

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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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06 May 2018, 19:21
chetan2u ,amanvermagmat

As per St1: x> -1
As per St2: x< -1

Is that possible for a GMAT question?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0  [#permalink]

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07 May 2018, 09:54
gmatbusters wrote:
chetan2u ,amanvermagmat

As per St1: x> -1
As per St2: x< -1

Is that possible for a GMAT question?

Posted from my mobile device

Hello

As per my understanding, its not possible. Going by the posts of various experts (like Bunuel), the information in two statements should be consistent with each other.
Re: Is x>0? 1) x+1>0 &nbs [#permalink] 07 May 2018, 09:54
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