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Is x^2 - x > 0?

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Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 02:14
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[GMAT math practice question]

Is \(x^2-x>0\)?

(1) \(x>0\)
(2) \(x^3+x>0\)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Jan 2018, 21:50, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and the OA.
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 02:50
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How is statement 1 sufficient? Given x= positive

If x= 1 then x^2-x = 0
and when x= 2, x^2-x >0
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 10:17
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MathRevolution wrote:
[GMAT math practice question]

Is \(x^2-x>0?\)

\(1) x>0\)
\(2) x^3+x>0\)


Is x^2 - x > 0 OR Is x(x-1) > 0
Well, x(x-1) will be greater than zero:-
Either when both x > 0 and x-1 > 0; which will happen when x > 1
OR when both x < 0 and x-1 < 0; which will happen when x < 0
So given condition will be true either if x > 1 or if x < 0

(1) x > 0 but we dont know if x > 1 or not. Not sufficient.

(2) x^3 + x > 0 Or x*(x^2+1) > 0
Now x^2+1 will always be positive, no matter what the value of x. The above condition will be thus true only when x > 0
So in effect we are given that x > 0 but we dont know whether x > 1 or not. Not sufficient.

Combining the two statements, still we get the same information that x > 0 but we dont know whether x > 1 Or 0 < x < 1. So we cant say whether x^2 - x > 0 or not.
Not sufficient.

Hence E answer

(can you please check the OA, its mentioned as D)
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 21:41
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Can you please check the OA? Because if x is between 0 and 1 both inequalities are not satisfied
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 21:50
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Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 05:48
MathRevolution wrote:
[GMAT math practice question]

Is \(x^2-x>0\)?

(1) \(x>0\)
(2) \(x^3+x>0\)


we can use critical point method

critical points are x=0 or x=1

The question is valid according to the number line

............correct zone.....0......Wrong zone...1........correct zone........

(1) \(x>0\)

If x=\(\frac{1}{2}\)....Answer is No

If x=2...Answer is Yes

According to above number line it is insufficient.

(2) \(x^3+x>0\)

If x=\(\frac{1}{2}\)....Answer is No

If x=2...Answer is Yes

According to above number line it is insufficient.

Combine 1 & 2 using same examples above...No conclusive answer

Answer: E
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 07:42
MathRevolution wrote:
[GMAT math practice question]

Is \(x^2-x>0\)?

(1) \(x>0\)
(2) \(x^3+x>0\)


Statement I:

\(x = \frac{1}{2}\).. \(x^2-x<0\)
\(x =2\).... \(x^2-x>0\).... So, Insufficient.

statement II:

\(x(x^2+1) > 0\)... So, its basically saying \(x > 0\).. Same as A.
So, Insuuficient.

Combining both we get,\(x> 0\)

So, E.
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Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2018, 00:32
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

In inequality questions, the law “Question is King” tells us that if the solution set of the question includes the solution set of the condition, then the condition is sufficient

Modifying the question:
\(x^2-x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x-1) > 0\)
\(⇔ x < 0\) or \(x > 1\) by the “LLGG” rule.

Condition 1): \(x > 0\)
Since the solution set of the question does not include the solution set of condition 1), condition 1) is not sufficient.

Condition 2):
\(x^3+x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x^2+1)>0\)
\(⇔ x>0\), since \(x^2+1 > 0\) is always true.
Since the solution set of the question does not include that of the condition 2) either, this is not sufficient.

Condition 1) & 2):
The set satisfying both conditions together is \(x > 0\).
Since the solution set of the question does not include that of both conditions together, they are not sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is E.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

Answer: E
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Last edited by MathRevolution on 05 Feb 2018, 14:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2018, 00:39
MathRevolution wrote:
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

In inequality questions, the law “Question is King” tells us that if the solution set of the question includes the solution set of the condition, then the condition is sufficient

Modifying the question:
\(x^2-x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x-1) > 0\)
\(⇔ x < 0\) or \(x > 1\) by the “LLGG” rule.

Condition 1): \(x > 0\)
Since the solution set of the question includes the solution set of condition 1), condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2):
\(x^3+x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x^2+1)>0\)
\(⇔ x>0\), since \(x^2+1 > 0\) is always true.
Condition 2) is equivalent to the question, so it is sufficient.
Therefore, the answer is D.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

Answer: D

How first condition can be sufficient.

X>0, lets assume x is 1

X^2-x ---> 1-1 = 0

So when x is 1 we get the value as zero so statement A is insufficient

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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2018, 07:24
MathRevolution wrote:
=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

In inequality questions, the law “Question is King” tells us that if the solution set of the question includes the solution set of the condition, then the condition is sufficient

Modifying the question:
\(x^2-x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x-1) > 0\)
\(⇔ x < 0\) or \(x > 1\) by the “LLGG” rule.

Condition 1): \(x > 0\)
Since the solution set of the question includes the solution set of condition 1), condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2):
\(x^3+x>0\)
\(⇔ x(x^2+1)>0\)
\(⇔ x>0\), since \(x^2+1 > 0\) is always true.
Condition 2) is equivalent to the question, so it is sufficient.
Therefore, the answer is D.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

Answer: D

Not able to comprehend what you are trying to explain. In my approach I tried to fit values and found that both are insufficient hence E.
Please explain

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Re: Is x^2 - x > 0?   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2018, 07:24
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