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Is x greater than 1?
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06 Jun 2012, 21:20
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65% (02:01) correct 35% (02:07) wrong based on 217 sessions
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Is x greater than 1? (1) 1/x >−1 (2) 1/x^5 > 1/x^3
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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07 Jun 2012, 16:53
sandal85 wrote: Is x greater than 1?
(1) 1/x >−1
(2) 1/x^5 > 1/x^3 Question is \(x>1\)? (1) \(\frac{1}{x}> 1\) > \(\frac{1+x}{x}>0\), two cases: A. \(x>0\) and \(1+x>0\), \(x>1\) > \(x>0\); B. \(x<0\) and \(1+x<0\), \(x<1\) > \(x<1\). We got that given inequality holds true in two ranges: \(x>0\) and \(x<1\), thus \(x\) may or may not be greater than one. Not sufficient. (2) \(\frac{1}{x^5}> \frac{1}{x^3}\) > \(\frac{1x^2}{x^5}>0\), two cases: A. \(x>0\) (it's the same as \(x^5>0\)) and \(1x^2>0\), \(1<x<1\) > \(0<x<1\); B. \(x<0\) and \(1x^2<0\), \(x<1\) or \(x>1\) > \(x<1\); We got that given inequality holds true in two ranges: \(0<x<1\) and \(x<1\), ANY \(x\) from this ranges will be less than \(1\). So the answer to our original question is NO. Sufficient. Answer: B. Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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06 Jun 2012, 22:03
I go for E. Both statements are not sufficient to answer the question
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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07 Jun 2012, 00:12
Hi,
Is x > 1?
Using option (1) \(1/x > 1\) or \(1/x + 1 >0\) or \((1+x)/x > 0\) => \(x <1\) or \(x >0\), Not sufficient.
Using option (2) \(1/x^5 > 1/x^3\) or \(1/x^5  1/x^3 >0\) or \((1x^2)/x^5 >0\) or \((1x)(1+x)/x^5>0\) => \(x <1\) or\(0<x< 1\), and we have the answer to question "Is x > 1?" as NO
Hence, answer is (B)
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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07 Jun 2012, 16:32
How did you factor the second statement like that? 1/x^5 > 1/x^3 or 1/x^5  1/x^3 >0 or (1x^2)/x^5 >0 or (1x)(1+x)/x^5>0 => x <1 or0<x< 1, and we have the answer to question "Is x > 1?" as N



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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07 Jun 2012, 16:57
Yes now I got it! Thanks! (i was simply cross multiplying for the statement 2 the first time!)



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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07 Jun 2012, 20:18
Bunuel Sorry for asking this again, but I have been trying to do these type of sums only and not getting anywhere. How can we have these 2 cases for an equation like (1+x)/x>0. In the post out here it is mentioned isxbetween0and11x2islessthanx2x3is104280.html#p1094206 that the signs should be different i.e. one should be > and the other lesser <. Now in this sum both the cases have the same sign. I did not get this. The other thing also which I would like to ask is once we have an equation like this (1+x)/x >0 can we automatically write the 2 cases as (1+x) > 0 and x>0 and the other in opposite sign. Is this by rule. It would be helpful if you could point me to some reading material on these type of sums where we get 2 cases for the root of the equation. Thanks in advance. Rahul Goel



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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08 Jun 2012, 03:32



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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14 Jun 2012, 07:11
By looking at condition 2, I think this condition is only feasible if x<0, for x>0 it will never be true, for example, x=2; thus from condition 2, we get x<0, thus the question whether x>1 is answered .. NO.



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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14 Jun 2012, 07:18



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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09 Feb 2014, 02:21
Question is x>1?
(1) (1/x)> 1 > (1+x)/x>0, two cases: (understood)
A. x>0 and 1+x>0, x>1 (understood) > x>0; (how do you get to this step?)
B. x<0 and 1+x<0, x<1 > x<1. (understood)



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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09 Feb 2014, 02:24



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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09 Feb 2014, 10:38
Bunuel wrote: Catcat wrote: Question is x>1?
For A, we have that x>0 AND x>1, whcih is the same as x>0 (intersection (common range) for x>0 and x>1 is x>1).
Hope it's clear. Got it! Thank you for the clarification



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 09:52
I don't understand Case B for statement 1 (why did you set x<0 when the equation sets it to greater than 0, \(\frac{1+x}{x}>0\) ?)
The same applies for Case B in statement 2.
I understand how the equation is constructed, but not why the inequality sign flips.
ALSO – can I confirm that multiplying both sides by x^2 for statement one and x^6 for statement two is possible (as regardless if x is negative, it will be positive as it has been squared?)
Thanks all, apologies if these are straightforward concepts.



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 10:13
Judy1389 wrote: I don't understand Case B for statement 1 (why did you set x<0 when the equation sets it to greater than 0, \(\frac{1+x}{x}>0\) ?)
The same applies for Case B in statement 2.
I understand how the equation is constructed, but not why the inequality sign flips.
ALSO – can I confirm that multiplying both sides by x^2 for statement one and x^6 for statement two is possible (as regardless if x is negative, it will be positive as it has been squared?)
Thanks all, apologies if these are straightforward concepts. Hi, If you have both numerator and denominator, they both are interlinked to give the SIGN to the fraction... let me tell you by a easy example... \(\frac{3}{4} >0\)....... it could be that the denominator is ive and therefore numerator will also be ive, so \(\frac{3}{4}> 0.\)... here we are dealing with variable so we cannot say anything about the type of integer it is... \(\frac{1+x}{x}>0\) ..... so first case is when both numerator and denominator are positive : +/+ = +>0... second is when both are negative / = + >0...
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 10:44
Great, thank you that actually makes sense!
Can you comment re: multiplying both sides by an even square? (eg. x^2)
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 18:03
Let's consider the following scenarios : X is positive then 1/x will always be greater than 1. (any positive number is greater than anything negative number) X is a negative number whose absolute value is greater than 1 also satisfies (1). ( if X = 2 then 1/X = 0.5 which is greater than 1) (2) 1/(x^5) > 1/(x^3) Consider this : X is and number greater than 1 then X^5 is greater than X^3, therefore, 1/(X^5) is less than 1/(X^3). X is a positive number less than 1, then X^5 is less than X^3, therefore 1/(X^5) is greater than 1/(X^3) X is a negative number less 1 then X^5 is less than X^3, therefore, 1/(X^5) is greater than 1/(X^3). As you can see, the only values that satisfy (2) are the ones in which X<1, therefore (2) is sufficient. We know with absolute certainty that X IS NOT GREAT THAN 1. answer is B. Sent from my Z988 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 19:42
Judy1389 wrote: Great, thank you that actually makes sense!
Can you comment re: multiplying both sides by an even square? (eg. x^2)
Posted from my mobile device Hi, yes you are correct... Both ways it will amount to same.. 1+x/x>0..... same x>0, 1+x>0 OR x<0, 1+x<0.............. multiply by x^2.... (1+x)*x>0... same cases will come up same x>0, 1+x>0 OR x<0, 1+x<0..............
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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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27 May 2016, 20:56
This question requires logical reasoning instead of mathematical manipulation. Statement 1: 1/x > 1. Let's multiply both sides by positive number, say x^2, then we get x>(x^2). This is true for all positive numbers, since ((x^2)) is negative. It's also true for all negative numbers whose absolute value is less than the absolute value of its square. Statement 1, therefore, is insufficient. Statement 2: let's multiply both sides by x^4, we get 1/x > x, if x>1, then 1/x must be less than 1, but that's impossible because x>1. So, the only possible values for x are less than 1. Statement 2 is sufficient. Sent from my Z988 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



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Re: Is x greater than 1?
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17 Apr 2018, 09:03
sandal85 wrote: Is x greater than 1?
(1) 1/x >−1
(2) 1/x^5 > 1/x^3 Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution. Since we have 1 variable and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each of the conditions on their own first. Condition 1) \(1/x > 1\) \(⇔ x >  x^2\) by multiplying by \(x^2\) \(⇔ x^2 + x > 0\) \(⇔ x( x + 1 ) > 0\) \(⇔ x < 1\) or \(x > 0\) In inequality questions, the law “Question is King” tells us that if the solution set of the question includes the solution set of the condition, then the condition is sufficient Since the solution set of the question does not include that of condition 1), it is not sufficient. Condition 2) \(1/x^5 > 1/x^3\) \(⇔ 1 > x^2\) \(⇔ x^2  1 < 0\) \(⇔ (x+1)(x1) < 0\) \(⇔ 1 < x < 1\) The answer is "no". Since ‘no’ is also a unique answer by CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, the condition 2) is sufficient. Therefore, B is the answer. If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
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Re: Is x greater than 1? &nbs
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