Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 22 Mar 2017, 19:32

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Dec 2010
Posts: 334
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 215 [14] , given: 33

Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 08:58
14
KUDOS
42
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

15% (01:58) correct 85% (01:05) wrong based on 3086 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jul 2013, 09:02, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
If you have any questions
New!
Intern
Joined: 13 Nov 2012
Posts: 6
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.78
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: -23 [6] , given: 2

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 10:05
6
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
vibhav wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

Hi Vibhav. This doesn't make sense. Can you please post the source of it?

A) that is missing ( indicate that is correct)
C) parallelsim error. daughter of a gentleman, and not (of) a maid servant is correct phrasing
D)that is missing
E)that is missing
Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Dec 2010
Posts: 334
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 215 [0], given: 33

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 10:06
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
arjamidhun.. I was equally surprised. The source has been marked as Veritas prep.
Manager
Status: Prep Mode
Joined: 25 Apr 2012
Posts: 163
Location: India
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 150 [2] , given: 69

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 11:55
2
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I got the below OE from BTG http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-14-year-old-girl-t238966.html. Sounds logical and perfect.

Solution: A

Explanation: The easiest way to eliminate several possibilities in this problem is to focus on the overall structure at the end. The logical meaning is: she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably was this type of person, not this type person. It is illogical to say that she was this type of person, AND not this type of person (as if she was both - a person and not a person?). For instance you say: John bought a VW, not a Toyota. You would not say: John bought a VW, and not a Toyota (which means he bought a VW and bought “not a Toyota” While there are other errors to consider in (B), (C) they are both wrong for this reason. (D) delivers an illogical timeline and tacks on the random “she had not been a maidservant” at the end, which means she did something before she was a daughter. (E) also has illogical past perfect after thereby and incorrectly uses the possessive at the end, creating a structure that is not parallel. Only (A) correctly conveys the logical meaning and uses the proper structures required by the sentence.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 10 Oct 2012
Posts: 630
Followers: 82

Kudos [?]: 1147 [15] , given: 136

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 12:10
15
KUDOS
Gian wrote:
I got the below OE from BTG http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-14-year-old-girl-t238966.html. Sounds logical and perfect.

Solution: A

Explanation: The easiest way to eliminate several possibilities in this problem is to focus on the overall structure at the end. The logical meaning is: she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably was this type of person, not this type person. It is illogical to say that she was this type of person, AND not this type of person (as if she was both - a person and not a person?). For instance you say: John bought a VW, not a Toyota. You would not say: John bought a VW, and not a Toyota (which means he bought a VW and bought “not a Toyota” While there are other errors to consider in (B), (C) they are both wrong for this reason. (D) delivers an illogical timeline and tacks on the random “she had not been a maidservant” at the end, which means she did something before she was a daughter. (E) also has illogical past perfect after thereby and incorrectly uses the possessive at the end, creating a structure that is not parallel. Only (A) correctly conveys the logical meaning and uses the proper structures required by the sentence.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/scien ... 04h7qUpDfQ

Please go through the 4th paragraph,last 3 lines. The lack of veracity,both for the source of this question, along with the OA makes this a dubious question.
_________________
Intern
Joined: 24 May 2013
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 11

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2013, 11:25
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The ans is A as the correct structure is......

of x, not y

incorrect would be- of x, and not y
Intern
Status: Preparing...
Joined: 25 Mar 2013
Posts: 29
Location: United States
Sat: V
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT Date: 07-22-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 14

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2013, 10:06
Gian wrote:
I got the below OE from BTG http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-14-year-old-girl-t238966.html. Sounds logical and perfect.

Solution: A

Explanation: The easiest way to eliminate several possibilities in this problem is to focus on the overall structure at the end. The logical meaning is: she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably was this type of person, not this type person. It is illogical to say that she was this type of person, AND not this type of person (as if she was both - a person and not a person?). For instance you say: John bought a VW, not a Toyota. You would not say: John bought a VW, and not a Toyota (which means he bought a VW and bought “not a Toyota” While there are other errors to consider in (B), (C) they are both wrong for this reason. (D) delivers an illogical timeline and tacks on the random “she had not been a maidservant” at the end, which means she did something before she was a daughter. (E) also has illogical past perfect after thereby and incorrectly uses the possessive at the end, creating a structure that is not parallel. Only (A) correctly conveys the logical meaning and uses the proper structures required by the sentence.

I think they need to add the fact that "had eaten" takes on a significantly different meaning from "ate".
Had Eaten indicates she probably had just eaten some protein food before she died and hence it can be concluded that she could be the daughter of a gentleman. Having said that I could not find a reason to rule out C based on the use of "that". Would C have been correct if maidservant's were not used?
Intern
Joined: 06 Apr 2012
Posts: 12
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: Anderson '15
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V40
GPA: 3.88
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 5

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2013, 17:59
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1153
Location: United States
Followers: 265

Kudos [?]: 2956 [8] , given: 123

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2013, 18:09
8
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
crackgmat13 wrote:
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..

Hi crackgmat13
Welcome to Gmatclub!

You're right, after reporting verb, that is required. But, "indicate" is not reporting verb. You may think "indicate that" is correct, because you see this idiom more often. However, after verbs such as say, tell, think, believe, indicate, etc..."that" is OPTIONAL.

For example: the high fever indicates a serious problem.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2013
Posts: 123
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 17

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2013, 22:36
Hi Pghai,

"Indicate" is a reporting verb and should therefore ideally take "that".

Refer MGMAT SC, Chapter 11.

The book explains that it is necessary to put a "that" between a reporting verb and the thought. It uses a similar example as used by you to point out that by omitting "that", the meaning gets confusing...Thus in your example, it would mean that the fever is simply pointing out the problem.

Regards

Argha
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2012
Posts: 149
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 41

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2013, 06:20
vibhav wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

Can someone explain the usage of "had"..

WHat is the sequence of events happening..??

IMO: "had" should not be used with "high-protein diet" because that cannot be the 1st event(earlier event)...

Can someone help as the OA is A.

Thanks,
Jai
_________________

MODULUS Concept ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalities-158054.html#p1257636
HEXAGON Theory ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/hexagon-theory-tips-to-solve-any-heaxgon-question-158189.html#p1258308

Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 842
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Followers: 60

Kudos [?]: 1337 [0], given: 197

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2013, 06:26
jaituteja wrote:
vibhav wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

Can someone explain the usage of "had"..

WHat is the sequence of events happening..??

IMO: "had" should not be used with "high-protein diet" because that cannot be the 1st event(earlier event)...

Can someone help as the OA is A.

Thanks,
Jai

PRIOR EVENT: GIRL ATE HIGH PROTEIN DIET.
LATER EVENT: RECENTLY EXCAVATION DONE==>this is later past

so we are using HAD with first one...

hope it helps..
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2013
Posts: 91
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [1] , given: 30

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2013, 14:06
1
KUDOS
guys one thing we missed here; how can it be A, as the sentence is subjunctive not indicative then how come "was" as helping verb not were.

B suits the best as it satisfies all conditions of subjunctive case and also the time sequence of past events as well as the " indicate that.." sequence.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2012
Posts: 149
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 41

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Dec 2013, 22:38
vibhav wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

In A, shouldn't it be ",so she was" instead of ",so" as per FANBOYS.??
We are connecting two independent clauses here...
_________________

MODULUS Concept ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalities-158054.html#p1257636
HEXAGON Theory ---> http://gmatclub.com/forum/hexagon-theory-tips-to-solve-any-heaxgon-question-158189.html#p1258308

Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2012
Posts: 12
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 6

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Dec 2013, 04:38
pqhai wrote:
crackgmat13 wrote:
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..

Hi crackgmat13
Welcome to Gmatclub!

You're right, after reporting verb, that is required. But, "indicate" is not reporting verb. You may think "indicate that" is correct, because you see this idiom more often. However, after verbs such as say, tell, think, believe, indicate, etc..."that" is OPTIONAL.

For example: the high fever indicates a serious problem.

Hope it helps.

Hi pqhai,
Acctually, I think that we need "that" in this case because after "indicate" we have full clause. It differs from "indicates a serious problem". I think:
indicate + Noun
indicate that S+V
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 May 2013
Posts: 472
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 134

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Dec 2013, 11:34
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

Here is my reasoning: (A)

Answer choices b and c contain "that" before "she" which is unnecessary wordage. It doesn't offer up anymore information or clarity to the sentence than "she had" does. On the GMAT, we want the most simplistic and concise form of the sentence so long as it doesn't change or loose meaning. Therefore, choices c and b are out. This leaves us with a, d and e.

in d, "she ate" a high protein diet refers to what she had consumed in the past, but note that unlike "she had eaten" which refers to an even that started and ended in the past, "she had eaten" is an event that started in the past with no definitive end.

in e, "thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant's" sounds clumsy and awkward.

I'll be honest, I partially went with A simply because of the way it sounded. 's indicates possession so in this case, wouldn't the daughter be the possession of the maidservant? "not a maidservant’s." sounded wrong but what what is the rule that makes it wrong?
Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 182
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 324 [0], given: 56

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Dec 2013, 20:51
WholeLottaLove wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.

a. she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
b. that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
c. that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
d. she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
e. she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s.

Here is my reasoning: (A)

Answer choices b and c contain "that" before "she" which is unnecessary wordage. It doesn't offer up anymore information or clarity to the sentence than "she had" does. On the GMAT, we want the most simplistic and concise form of the sentence so long as it doesn't change or loose meaning. Therefore, choices c and b are out. This leaves us with a, d and e.

in d, "she ate" a high protein diet refers to what she had consumed in the past, but note that unlike "she had eaten" which refers to an even that started and ended in the past, "she had eaten" is an event that started in the past with no definitive end.

in e, "thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant's" sounds clumsy and awkward.

I'll be honest, I partially went with A simply because of the way it sounded. 's indicates possession so in this case, wouldn't the daughter be the possession of the maidservant? "not a maidservant’s." sounded wrong but what what is the rule that makes it wrong?

Just for the sake of 'that', an option shouldn't be eliminated.

pt.1 Consider - She was the daughter of the minister and not a secretary's. It means that the dad was a minister for sure, but her mom isn't the secretary.
She was the daughter of the minister, not a secretary. It means that the dad was a minister, not a secretary.

We are worried about the girl's origins. Eating something can prove her nobility. But eating something cannot prove that her dad is a noble and her mom is a servant, right?

Going by this logic, eliminate 'C'

Pt.2 She had been his daughter ....
Had been means that the action continued till another past action took over. She had been his daughter and suddenly, she's someone else's daughter? Cannot happen.

eliminate 'B' & 'E' ('E' can be eliminated in many other ways)

Pt. 3 In 'D' 'had not been a maid servant' implies the similar causal relationship as seen in pt.2. We are discussing something in 2013. And we are talking about something that happened in (say) 1300. What all can we be sure of? She was a daughter of someone. She belonged to a certain role etc. So, define such things in simple past.

Alternately, "She had eaten something and the consequence of which are her roles" is the proper grammatical construction.
So, 'A' satisfies this, and 'D' is wrong.
_________________

What are modifiers ??

Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Dec 2013, 01:04
"had eaten" gives the indication of it being her last meal and the deduction is based on only that.
"ate" indicates the type of food she ate throughout her life and therefore I think that should be the determining factor

So, A, C & E are off because they change the meaning.

Between B & D, which is correct?

In D, "had not been a maidservant" takes on the meaning that even though she was a daughter of a gentleman, she had not served in the capacity of a maidservant. But the original meaning is she was a daughter of a gentleman and not a maid servant.

So B looks best.
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Intern
Joined: 16 Oct 2012
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Feb 2014, 10:55
Following is the right sentence from NY Times

Isotopes in her bones indicate that she had eaten a high-protein diet, so she was probably not a maidservant but the daughter of a gentleman.
Current Student
Joined: 02 Apr 2012
Posts: 77
Location: United States (VA)
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 155

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2014, 06:40
pqhai wrote:
crackgmat13 wrote:
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..

Hi crackgmat13
Welcome to Gmatclub!

You're right, after reporting verb, that is required. But, "indicate" is not reporting verb. You may think "indicate that" is correct, because you see this idiom more often. However, after verbs such as say, tell, think, believe, indicate, etc..."that" is OPTIONAL.

For example: the high fever indicates a serious problem.

Hope it helps.

Hi, INDICATE is a reporting verb. Page 217, chapter 11, MGMAT SC 5th Edition.
However, It does not say that it is wrong to omit the "THAT". it says that using "that" after the reporting verb "INDICATE" is better.
The book gives this example:
Too short: "The study INDICATES the problem has vanished"
Better: "The study INDICATES THAT the problem has vanished"
_________________

Encourage cooperation! If this post was very useful, kudos are welcome
"It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task which, more than anything else, will affect It's successful outcome" William James

Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2014, 06:40

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 36 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 The cowboy found some bones 4 02 Jan 2017, 06:56
16 #Top150 SC: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old 21 21 Sep 2015, 11:14
Recent excavations suggest that the ancient people of Italia 2 01 Feb 2014, 00:08
1 Until scientists invented the artificial isotopes, carbon ex 9 23 Aug 2013, 13:07
1 Recent excavations suggest that the ancient peoples of the 3 26 Feb 2008, 06:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by