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# It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United

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Director
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
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It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2011, 11:27
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:56) correct 34% (01:17) wrong based on 275 sessions

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It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax
revenues is at least \$20 billion a year.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least \$20
billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least \$20 billion a year because of lost industrial
output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least \$20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) \$20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of
illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least \$20 billion a year because of
illiteracy
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Baten80 on 16 Jul 2011, 12:29, edited 1 time in total.
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17 Jul 2011, 00:06
2
KUDOS
This is a good one.

Three options (A, B, D) can be ruled out immediately if one can see simultaneous use of "annual" and " year".
Between C and E, E is changing the intention (I don't think meaning is changing) of the sentence by shifting the emphasis to "lost industrial output and tax revenues cost" from "illiteracy".

So we remain with C
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16 Jul 2011, 11:55
Ru sure on E? E changes the meaning..isnt it. Because of illiteracy is awkward for me
I wud go with C . its the best answer ...
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16 Jul 2011, 12:29
sudhir18n wrote:
Ru sure on E? E changes the meaning..isnt it. Because of illiteracy is awkward for me
I wud go with C . its the best answer ...

Yes OA is C.
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16 Jul 2011, 19:16
Man these meaning questions kill me. I was evenly torn between C and E. Now I am OK with C. Tough question!
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16 Feb 2013, 07:27
anordinaryguy wrote:
This is a good one.

Three options (A, B, D) can be ruled out immediately if one can see simultaneous use of "annual" and " year".
Between C and E, E is changing the intention (I don't think meaning is changing) of the sentence by shifting the emphasis to "lost industrial output and tax revenues cost" from "illiteracy".

So we remain with C

Agree ... had to eliminate E for the reason mentioned above ...
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Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2013, 06:29
Baten80 wrote:
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax
revenues is at least \$20 billion a year.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least \$20
billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least \$20 billion a year because of lost industrial
output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least \$20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) \$20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of
illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least \$20 billion a year because of
illiteracy

Why "the" United States? This threw me off...We wouldn't say the Spain or costs the USA.
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Joined: 11 Oct 2013
Posts: 32
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2013, 08:11
Skag55 wrote:
Why "the" United States? This threw me off...We wouldn't say the Spain or costs the USA.

Yes that's a very good observation. Perhaps this is just the way it is. By the way, I have not heard "the America", but it looks like "the United States" is accepted.

Thankfully this concept does not seem to be tested in this question.
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Joined: 08 Apr 2013
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Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2013, 09:30
I redo this question many times, each time I want to understand it more.

what should be the subject of verb "costs". I think there is only one logic thing, "illiteracy" which can be that subject.

this is the way of thinking for solving this question, I think
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Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2013, 09:59
vietmoi999 wrote:
I redo this question many times, each time I want to understand it more.

what should be the subject of verb "costs". I think there is only one logic thing, "illiteracy" which can be that subject.

this is the way of thinking for solving this question, I think

You're right. "What costs? Illiteracy.". There's the subject your verb refers to.
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Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 09:17
Baten80 wrote:
sudhir18n wrote:
Ru sure on E? E changes the meaning..isnt it. Because of illiteracy is awkward for me
I wud go with C . its the best answer ...

Yes OA is C.

E is PASSIVE.... while C is Active.. so prefer C
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Posts: 10155
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2016, 20:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2016, 20:31
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