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# It has long been noted that there is a much higher incidence

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It has long been noted that there is a much higher incidence [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2010, 18:54
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96% (02:10) correct 4% (01:14) wrong based on 48 sessions

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It has long been noted that there is a much higher incidence of cirrhosis of the liver among alcoholics than among people who do not drink. Beyond this fact it is now the opinion of medical researchers, after nearly 50 years of studies, that even moderate drinking can cause liver damage. A series of laboratory tests on rats who were injected with moderate amounts of alcohol over a period of months indicate damage to internal organs and most often a hardening of wall tissue, or cirrhosis, of the liver.

The argument above about the dangers of moderate drinking assumes that

alcoholics probably cause damage to other organs of the body as well as to their livers

one glass of wine before dinner is not considered harmful

there is little difference between moderate and heavy drinking in terms of damage to internal organs

the effects of moderate drinking on human and experimental animals are similar

people often enjoy a lifetime of moderate drinking without apparent effects
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by shrive555 on 21 Oct 2010, 16:48, edited 1 time in total.
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20 Oct 2010, 21:07
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I don't agree with OA. D for me.

The argument above about the dangers of moderate drinking assumes that

A) alcoholics probably cause damage to other organs of the body as well as to their livers
Author is specifically concerned with effects of moderate drinking on the liver. Could have been 2nd best answer.

B) one glass of wine before dinner is not considered harmful
Irrelevant

C) there is little difference between moderate and heavy drinking in terms of damage to internal organs
The author does not assume this. This is an opinion stated by the medical researchers.

D) the effects of moderate drinking on human and experimental animals are similar
The author uses experimental tests done on rats to make his point about the dangers of moderate drinking. In other words he assumes that the effects of moderate drinking on human and experimental animals are similar. Correct answer for me.

E) people often enjoy a lifetime of moderate drinking without apparent effects
Irrelevant.
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20 Oct 2010, 21:38
My immediate answer was D, but now I need someone to confirm if the OA is C and I would appreciate if someone can explain.....?
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20 Oct 2010, 22:12
IMO D.
Can someone explain why C is correct.
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20 Oct 2010, 23:08
i fell for D
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21 Oct 2010, 11:13
D wins for me
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21 Oct 2010, 16:50
sorry guys !!! OA = D ( edited )
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27 Oct 2010, 12:08
+1 D
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02 Nov 2010, 02:25
Straight D
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Re: alcoholics   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2010, 02:25
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