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# It is a mistake to give post office employees individual

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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 07:18
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:21) correct 48% (01:18) wrong based on 735 sessions

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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
* Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
* Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
* The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
* There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
* Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.

Source <v05>
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 07:22
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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
A Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
B Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
C The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
D There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
E Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.

Source <V05>
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20 Nov 2010, 08:45
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IMO E.

Explanation::

Conclusion: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Premise: If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

Possible assumptions:
A strict protocol is already in place.
Employees are not allowed to open the packages unless they follow a strict protocol
All packages will seem suspicious
Employees in general are curious
Options:
A) Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages. - Apply negation, service managers are not the only ones allowed to open packages, this does not affect the conclusion.
B) Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package. - Not associated with main conclusion. Even if the two types can be identified, behavior of the employees is not going to change.
C) The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected. - Out of scope.
D) There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages. - Using negation, there is a protocol in place, it in fact strengths the argument. This can not be an assumption.
E) Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity - Using negation, employees are not curious therfore will not open the package, destroys the argument. This is the correct option.

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20 Nov 2010, 12:46
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BellTheGmat wrote:
It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
* Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
* Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
* The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
* There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
* Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.

For assumption questions, we want to deconstruct the argument: paraphrase the conclusion and evidence. Once we have done so, we then identify the missing link between the two.

In this case, the author concludes that it's a mistake to allow postal workers discretion regarding inspecting packages. Why? Because (so here comes the evidence...) curiousity and boredom will lead to all packages being opened.

What does the author have to be assuming to reach his conclusion based on his evidence? That postal workers do, in fact, want to know what's inside the packages.

So, armed with that prediction, we attack the choices looking for a match.

A) nothing about motivation to open packages - eliminate.
B) nothing about motivation to open packages - eliminate.
C) nothing about motivation to open packages - eliminate.
D) nothing about motivation to open packages - eliminate.
E) aha! Here's exactly what we predicted, we know (E) is correct.

Kaplan's denial test can be a very useful tool for assumption questions. If we weren't already convinced that (E) is correct, we'd consider the opposite of (E):

Quote:
Postal workers do not desire to open packages out of curiousity.

Well, if postal workers aren't curious, the author's argument makes no sense at all. Since the denial of (E) destroys the argument, (E) must be an essential element, the exact definition of an assumption.

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21 Nov 2010, 05:06
And what is the official answer ?

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21 Nov 2010, 05:29
OA E
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2012, 13:48
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Between B & E
Premise: If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol,
Conclusion1: it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.
Conclusion2: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Premise --> conclusion1 needs assumption B and no necessarily E.

B Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package. if the packages are indistinguishable then employees are allowed to open all packages.
E Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity. This is certainly an assumption but it's not an assumption on which argument depends - It doesn't imply that all packages will be opened due to some employee's curiosity. B direclty connects with argument that all packages would be opened coz they cannot distinguish.

Note: Conclusion1 is more of inference than conclusion because it's direct consequence of 'IF' premise.

OA given is E, but I feel this questions is either wrong or at best ambigous.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2012, 22:32
E, postal service officials desire to open packages out of curiosity that's why author wants to propose stricter protocols.

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2012, 22:29
E

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2012, 21:43
Initially I thought D should be the answer. Later realized, even giving employees individual discretion is also a policy and hence D is not valid.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2012, 00:46
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IMO B,

Agree with SyedSan.Whats is the source of this question?

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2012, 01:17
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SyedSan wrote:
Between B & E
Premise: If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol,
Conclusion1: it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.
Conclusion2: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Premise --> conclusion1 needs assumption B and no necessarily E.

B Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package. if the packages are indistinguishable then employees are allowed to open all packages.
E Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity. This is certainly an assumption but it's not an assumption on which argument depends - It doesn't imply that all packages will be opened due to some employee's curiosity. B direclty connects with argument that all packages would be opened coz they cannot distinguish.

Note: Conclusion1 is more of inference than conclusion because it's direct consequence of 'IF' premise.

OA given is E, but I feel this questions is either wrong or at best ambigous.

I do not see anything wrong with the question and answer. (BTW, source is GMATClub, AFAIK)

Let us think that we need to decide to setup a police station at a town. What would be the basis?
Is it enough to find that whether or not people at that town know what is crime and what is not crime?
Or is it required to know the crime rate?

Obviously the answer is to know the crime rate which is the measure of people behavior not their knowledge.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2012, 16:47
Quote:
It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

As per the original sentence, if the workers are allowed to open suspicious packages, there is a fear that almost all of the packages at the recipients will be found as opened. Thus it assumes that the postal workers have a tendency to open packages out of curiosity.

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2012, 21:11
Man i feel so lame. One of the main things i learnt is in CR i shld read all answer choices. I tried to answer this without even reading E. how lame of me?

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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29 Feb 2012, 23:20
It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Negate choice E
E Postal employees DO NOT desire to open packages out of curiosity. => not all of the packages will be opened, so the new protocol is not mistake. The conclusion is broken.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 03:45
the desire to open the the packages is already stated in the argument. How can that be an assumption??

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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 14:38
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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

A. Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
B. Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
C. The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
D. There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
E. Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.

Last edited by broall on 27 Jul 2017, 19:10, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted question

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 15:23
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ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

The wording is quite convoluted, but the main idea is:

Hypothesis: Individual employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol probably because of postal employee’s idle curiosity.
KEY word: “without first following a strict protocol” because: although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still want open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Make sense
Conclusion: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Assumption: The first reason postal employees open suspicious packages is that they are curious. Or no other reasons make postal employees want to open suspicious packages.
Negate the assumption to confirm: postal employees are not curious when they decide to open suspicious packages. ==> Cannot say “it’s a mistake to give them rights to open suspicious packages”.

ANALYZE EACH OPTIONS:

-Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about the right of “service managers”.

-Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
Wrong. The fact that suspicious packages are indistinguishable or distinguishable does not affect “curious” employees, who want to open all suspicious packages (does not matter the packages are distinguishable/indistinguishable). Thus, B is not the assumption.

-The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “the efficiency”.

-There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
Wrong. TEMPTING because of the wording, not of the meaning.
The stimulus only says employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol because of their curiosity. Let rephrase, although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Therefore, If there is no protocol, we do not know they are curious or not.. Hence, D cannot be the assumption.

-Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.
Correct. As stated above.

Hope it helps.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 16:37
Even there is no protocol in place, employee might not open the package if they are not curious. So this assumption does not add value to conclusion.

Hope this help

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 20:17
Hi,

I have a question on option E, which I presume is the OA.

A basic tenet of Assumption question is "it" being not explicitly mentioned in the passage.

Curiosity as a trait is mentioned in the passage as the reason which leads to opening of suspicious packages.

How can then option E be correct?

Regards

Argha

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2013, 20:17

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