It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound

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Manager
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It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 15:21
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It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
If you have any questions
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Director
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 15:32
C

The passage said that great works of literature are produced "ONLY in conditions of profound societal instability"

So during peace time, no great literature can be produced.
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 16:09
C for me.

A further explanation is justified for this interesting question +1 to the poster.

lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome. <-- the premise is that "only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced." This doesnt mean that literature will definitely be produced in such times.

B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D. <-- artwork is not the same as literature

C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome. <-- bingo

D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action. <-- maybe, but too farfetched

E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome. <-- we're talking about quality not quantity
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 17:47
This question is all about choices A & C. My pick is C.
"uniterrupted peace/stability" gurantees that it was not "conditions of profound societal instability"

"Almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval" - I dont think this translates 100% to "conditions of profound societal instability"

lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
>> we only know about literature.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.

D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
>> Nothing about emotions is given.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
>> decrease in literary prod is not stated.
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 18:21
yavasani wrote:
This question is all about choices A & C. My pick is C

A is for assumption question, not for Reference question, I think so!

C
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 18:56
Thanks for the explanations. The OA is C. I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer.
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 19:10
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 19:26
bkk145 wrote:
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.

Yeah, you are right! This is conditional reasoning!

lucyqin wrote:
I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer

Try this way!

only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced
1.
first primise: If A, then B
second premise: A
---------------------------
correct Assume that: B

2.
first premise: if A, then B
second premise: B
---------------------------
WRONG assume that: A

The case here belongs to the second.

From If A, then B, you will have two CORRECT reference
1. if not B, then not A
2. repeated from: if A, then B

You should recognize the two WRONG reference:

1. if not A, then not B
2. if B, then A

Let apply to the case here!
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Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 19:47
sondenso wrote:
bkk145 wrote:
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.

Yeah, you are right! This is conditional reasoning!

lucyqin wrote:
I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer

Try this way!

only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced
1.
first primise: If A, then B
second premise: A
---------------------------
correct Assume that: B

2.
first premise: if A, then B
second premise: B
---------------------------
WRONG assume that: A

The case here belongs to the second.

From If A, then B, you will have two CORRECT reference
1. if not B, then not A
2. repeated from: if A, then B

You should recognize the two WRONG reference:

1. if not A, then not B
2. if B, then A

Let apply to the case here!

yep, C
Re: CR: societal instability and great literature   [#permalink] 19 May 2008, 19:47
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