Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 May 2017, 16:44

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 21 Mar 2008
Posts: 81
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 16:21
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (01:02) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
Director
Joined: 23 Sep 2007
Posts: 787
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 192 [0], given: 0

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 16:32
C

The passage said that great works of literature are produced "ONLY in conditions of profound societal instability"

So during peace time, no great literature can be produced.
CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2959
Followers: 61

Kudos [?]: 601 [0], given: 210

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 17:09
C for me.

A further explanation is justified for this interesting question +1 to the poster.

lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome. <-- the premise is that "only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced." This doesnt mean that literature will definitely be produced in such times.

B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D. <-- artwork is not the same as literature

C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome. <-- bingo

D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action. <-- maybe, but too farfetched

E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome. <-- we're talking about quality not quantity
Manager
Joined: 28 Apr 2008
Posts: 130
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 0

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 18:47
This question is all about choices A & C. My pick is C.
"uniterrupted peace/stability" gurantees that it was not "conditions of profound societal instability"

"Almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval" - I dont think this translates 100% to "conditions of profound societal instability"

lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
>> we only know about literature.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.

D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
>> Nothing about emotions is given.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
>> decrease in literary prod is not stated.
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1902
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 1122 [0], given: 1

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 19:21
yavasani wrote:
This question is all about choices A & C. My pick is C

A is for assumption question, not for Reference question, I think so!

C
_________________
Manager
Joined: 21 Mar 2008
Posts: 81
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 19:56
Thanks for the explanations. The OA is C. I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer.
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1443
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 285 [0], given: 0

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 20:10
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1902
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 1122 [0], given: 1

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 20:26
bkk145 wrote:
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.

Yeah, you are right! This is conditional reasoning!

lucyqin wrote:
I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer

Try this way!

only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced
1.
first primise: If A, then B
second premise: A
---------------------------
correct Assume that: B

2.
first premise: if A, then B
second premise: B
---------------------------
WRONG assume that: A

The case here belongs to the second.

From If A, then B, you will have two CORRECT reference
1. if not B, then not A
2. repeated from: if A, then B

You should recognize the two WRONG reference:

1. if not A, then not B
2. if B, then A

Let apply to the case here!
_________________
Director
Joined: 18 Feb 2008
Posts: 792
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 25

Re: CR: societal instability and great literature [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 20:47
sondenso wrote:
bkk145 wrote:
lucyqin wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throuhgout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uinterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

A. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
B. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
C. During the second century A.D., no great workds of literature were produced in Rome.
D. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
E. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.

C too.

Although the statement suggests that great works can only be made under instability societal conditions, it doesn't mean that the works will be made when those conditions occurred. Eliminate A.

Yeah, you are right! This is conditional reasoning!

lucyqin wrote:
I wasn't sure why A is not the correct answer

Try this way!

only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced
1.
first primise: If A, then B
second premise: A
---------------------------
correct Assume that: B

2.
first premise: if A, then B
second premise: B
---------------------------
WRONG assume that: A

The case here belongs to the second.

From If A, then B, you will have two CORRECT reference
1. if not B, then not A
2. repeated from: if A, then B

You should recognize the two WRONG reference:

1. if not A, then not B
2. if B, then A

Let apply to the case here!

yep, C
Re: CR: societal instability and great literature   [#permalink] 19 May 2008, 20:47
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Roland: the alarming fact is that 90% of the people in this 1 16 Jun 2011, 12:20
1 The fact that several of the largest senior citizens 5 13 Sep 2009, 06:28
Despite the fact that the health-inspection procedures for 7 22 Nov 2008, 09:40
Reviewing historical data, medical researchers in California 1 22 Aug 2008, 16:24
CR_conditional statement 6 25 Mar 2008, 04:12
Display posts from previous: Sort by