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It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers

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It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 02:48
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It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers in particular, to have a discerning view of the basic social and political arrangements of the society in which they live. Therefore, the greater a writer one is, the more astute one will be in perceiving the basic social and political arrangements of one’s society.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning above?


(A) It assumes, without providing justification, that members of a group that is part of a larger group possess all of the characteristics possessed by members of the larger group.

(B) It assumes, without providing justification, that because something is sometimes the case it must always be the case.

(C) It assumes, without providing justification, that those artists with political insight do not have insight into matters outside of politics.

(D) It assumes, without providing justification, that only great individuals can make discerning criticisms of their societies.

(E) It assumes, without providing justification, that because people who have one quality tend to have a second quality, those who have more of the first quality will have more of the second.

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Re: It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 03:05
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Bunuel wrote:
It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers in particular, to have a discerning view of the basic social and political arrangements of the society in which they live. Therefore, the greater a writer one is, the more astute one will be in perceiving the basic social and political arrangements of one’s society.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning above?


(A) It assumes, without providing justification, that members of a group that is part of a larger group possess all of the characteristics possessed by members of the larger group.

(B) It assumes, without providing justification, that because something is sometimes the case it must always be the case.

(C) It assumes, without providing justification, that those artists with political insight do not have insight into matters outside of politics.

(D) It assumes, without providing justification, that only great individuals can make discerning criticisms of their societies.

(E) It assumes, without providing justification, that because people who have one quality tend to have a second quality, those who have more of the first quality will have more of the second.



PREMISE
characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers in particular -- to have a discerning view of the basic social and political arrangements of the society in which they live.
CONCLUSION
the greater a writer one is, the more astute one will be in perceiving the basic social and political arrangements of one’s society.

FLAW---??
It has to be something with the shift in scope of conclusion. Premise talks of a characteristics in a certain set of people but the conclusion further divides the group on basis of comparative standing on that characteristics..

E tells you exactly that

(E) It assumes, without providing justification, that because people who have one quality tend to have a second quality, those who have more of the first quality will have more of the second.
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Re: It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 04:15
nightblade354 generis VeritasKarishma GMATGuruNY

Please help with my validation of PoE:

Quote:
It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers in particular, to have a discerning view of the basic social and political arrangements of the society in which they live. Therefore, the greater a writer one is, the more astute one will be in perceiving the basic social and political arrangement of one’s society.


Conclusion: more exp a writer is; more clever he is in perception about societies
Premise: Imagine two concentric circles; bigger one of artists(A) and smaller one of writers (W)
Both A and W have a particular set of views about perceiving societies in which they live.


Quote:
Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning above?

What is incorrect in deducting the above claim from the premise?


Quote:
(A) It assumes, without providing justification, that members of a group that is part of a larger group possess all of the characteristics possessed be members of the larger group

True, bigger group: artists
smaller group: writers
characteristics: perception about society in which they live

Quote:
(B) It assumes, without providing justification, that because something is sometimes the case it must always be the case

Incorrect because of above formated text

Quote:
(C) It assumes, without providing justification, that those artists with political insight do not have insight into matters outside of politics

Out, no mention of a particular set of artists.


Quote:
(D) It assumes, without providing justification, that only great individuals can make discerning criticism of their societies

No such claim is ever made in the argument. Completely out of scope

Quote:
(E) It assumes, without providing justification, that because people who have one quality tend to have a second quality, those who have more of the first quality will have more of the second

Out, no two qualities about a set of people mentioned in the argument.
The argument talks about two sets of people : writers and artists as in (A)
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Re: It is characteristic of great artists generally, and of great writers &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2018, 04:15
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