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# It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective

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It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 08:22
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10
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:44) correct 39% (02:15) wrong based on 383 sessions

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Lenore: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective. In evaluating evidence, historians are always influenced by their national, political, and class loyalties.

Victor: Still, the very fact that cases of biased thinking have been detected and sources of bias identified shows that there are people who can maintain objectivity.

Victor's response does not succeed as a rebuttal of Lenore's argument because his response

(A) displays the same kind of biased thinking as that against which Lenore's argument it directed

(B) does not address the special case of historians who purposely distort evidence in order to promote their own political objectives

(C) fails to provide examples of cases in which biased thinking has been detected and the source of that bias identified

(D) does not consider sources of bias in historical explanation other than those that are due to national, political, and class loyalties

(E) overlooks the possibility that those who detect and identify bias are themselves biased in some way

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It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 09:57
Lenore: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective. In evaluating evidence, historians are always influenced by their national, political, and class loyalties.

Victor: Still, the very fact that cases of biased thinking have been detected and sources of bias identified shows that there are people who can maintain objectivity.

Victor's response does not succeed as a rebuttal of Lenore's argument because his response

(A) displays the same kind of biased thinking as that against which Lenore's argument it directed - Both have their own independent thinking.

(B) does not address the special case of historians who purposely distort evidence in order to promote their own political objectivesIncorrect

(C) fails to provide examples of cases in which biased thinking has been detected and the source of that bias identified --Cases are not required when the argument is glaringly weak

(D) does not consider sources of bias in historical explanation other than those that are due to national, political, and class loyalties He doesnt need to do that.

(E) overlooks the possibility that those who detect and identify bias are themselves biased in some wayCorrect. Its either this or something that tells us that the biases that are caught are just a drop in the ocean
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Re: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2016, 13:31
souvik101990 wrote:
Lenore: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective. In evaluating evidence, historians are always influenced by their national, political, and class loyalties.

Victor: Still, the very fact that cases of biased thinking have been detected and sources of bias identified shows that there are people who can maintain objectivity.

Victor's response does not succeed as a rebuttal of Lenore's argument because his response

my ideas were that those who identified those biased sources are actually driven by their own national, political, and class loyalties, thus making them biased as well.

only answer choice E directly states that. other ones do not come even close.

(A) displays the same kind of biased thinking as that against which Lenore's argument it directed
two opposed ideas, so not same kind of thinking.

(B) does not address the special case of historians who purposely distort evidence in order to promote their own political objectives
irrelevant.

(C) fails to provide examples of cases in which biased thinking has been detected and the source of that bias identified
examples are not needed.

(D) does not consider sources of bias in historical explanation other than those that are due to national, political, and class loyalties
irrelevant. biased source is biased, regardless of what are the presumed causes.

(E) overlooks the possibility that those who detect and identify bias are themselves biased in some way
good.
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Re: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2016, 20:45
Victor adds only one additional point and that is "the evaluating committee who evaluates the biased thinking"
If these individuals are also as biased as the historians , then Victor's point is corrupted
So ans E
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Re: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 10:42
Well victor is actually trying to rebut Lenore's argument that historians' explainations are not objective.
I attempting to do so, Victor says that the very fact that people can detect such bias proves that people are objective. But to be able to successfully rebut Lenore's argument, Victor should have given examples of some historian who detected a bias in the past with objectivity.

In case of (E) even if he did not overlook the possibility of biased thinking by the detectors of bias, thereby acknowledging the bias' bias would that be a strong rebuttal to Lenore's argument?
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Re: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2019, 20:34
Why is E correct? How do I eliminate other option choices?
Re: It is naive to think that historical explanations can be objective   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2019, 20:34
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