It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where

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11 Jun 2013, 06:22
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It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly, is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where peopl [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 07:38
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It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly, is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

Structure of the sentence:
The city is home to two separate things:
-the largest hospital for falcons
-the largest veterinary clinic
Since those two thing express a similar attribute of the city, they must be parallel:

"Riyadh (...) is home to the largest hospital for falcons, (a place...description), and to the largest veterinary clinic, (a place...description)"

In B E they are not parallel, eliminate them. D uses an wrong structure:

D to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

This sentence uses parallelism to describe the hospital and not to put on the same level the hospital and the clinic: wrong structure.

A and B are left

A an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
B an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

B says that the city is home to the largest hospital, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic. By using "to a pox area", B places it at the same level as the hospital and the clinic, so the clause "a pox area" is no more part of description of the hospital itself.

Hope it's clear.

Use parallelism to put on the same level things that express a similar concept.( a parallel idea)
Example:
1)I lived in Miami, a city in Florida, and in Boston. From this sentence you get that I lived in Miami and in Boston.
2)I lived in Miami, in Florida and in Boston. From this sentence you get that I lived in Miami, in Boston AND in Florida(unspecified city).
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where peopl [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 09:04
It's a parrallelism question.

You have to interpret the meaning:

The largest hospital for falcons has 1. An opthamology dept and 2. The pox area. Then the camel hospital, which is seperate from the hospital for falcons, is the place where camels are expertly cared for.

If you can put the items in the proper order, and know which are subordinated to which, the answer should become clear. (E).
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where peopl [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 17:06
fozzzy wrote:
It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly, is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

Wow this sentence exemplifies parallelism construction.

The core parallel elements are :

It is no surprise that Riyadh is home

A ) to to the largest hospital for falcons,a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms
an ophthalmology department, and
a pox area[/highlight]
B) and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for

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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where peopl [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 17:11
dave785 wrote:
It's a parrallelism question.

You have to interpret the meaning:

The largest hospital for falcons has 1. An opthamology dept and 2. The pox area. Then the camel hospital, which is seperate from the hospital for falcons, is the place where camels are expertly cared for.

If you can put the items in the proper order, and know which are subordinated to which, the answer should become clear. (E).

You are correct in identifying the list here, but their is a parallelism error in E. Check my earlier response.
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where peopl [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 21:17
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Bluelagoon wrote:
dave785 wrote:
It's a parrallelism question.

You have to interpret the meaning:

The largest hospital for falcons has 1. An opthamology dept and 2. The pox area. Then the camel hospital, which is seperate from the hospital for falcons, is the place where camels are expertly cared for.

If you can put the items in the proper order, and know which are subordinated to which, the answer should become clear. (E).

You are correct in identifying the list here, but their is a parallelism error in E. Check my earlier response.

whoops, you're right. I went totally ADD and put the wrong answer in my post even though I got it right on the question.

I should probably stop posting here from work haha
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2013, 22:27
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Lets breakdown the sentence

It is no surprise
where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly,
is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in 1)operating rooms, 2)an ophthalmology department, and 3)a pox area,
and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

The important part is to realize there are 2 lists and shouldn't mix them up

1,2 and 3 are different elements and the portion highlighted in red are the main elements of the sentence!

The main sentence talks about it is home to the largest hospital and is home to the largest vet clinic for desert animals

There is a description of the first element ( highlighted in bold black color) of the second element describes that falcons all over the world are treated in operating rooms, opthalmology dept and a pox area.

once you understand the meaning and structure this sentence is a cake walk
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 09:57
It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly, is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

This focuses on Parallelism. B E they are not parallel, eliminate them. D uses an wrong structure
Let's look at why A is right:
.....is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2014, 07:40
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07 Sep 2015, 06:00
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looks like the sentence is conveying that the falcons are treated in 3 places -
"a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in 1)operating rooms, 2)an ophthalmology department, and 3)a pox area"

Is this the reason why these 3 should not be made parallel to "to the world's largest hospital" and "to the largest veterinary clinic".
Could somebody clarify this.
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 18:34
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Success2015 wrote:
looks like the sentence is conveying that the falcons are treated in 3 places -
"a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in 1)operating rooms, 2)an ophthalmology department, and 3)a pox area"

Is this the reason why these 3 should not be made parallel to "to the world's largest hospital" and "to the largest veterinary clinic".
Could somebody clarify this.

Exactly.

One more short trick is that, in American English whenever we have 3 or more items in list, there is a comma before "and". e.g. X, Y, and Z
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 18:24
fozzzy wrote:
It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly, is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

First things first. We need to understand the structure of the sentence by cutting the fluff.
Riyadh is home to two things:
-the largest hospital for falcons
-the largest veterinary clinic
Both these things express a similar attribute, hence they have to be parallel.
Thus we need a to before "the largest veterinary clinic"

Eliminate B and E
Option C brings "pox area" to the same level as largest hospital and falcon. This is incorrect.
the pox area is a description of the hospital.

Option D brings the ophthalmology department and the pox area in the same level by making them parallel.
This is again incorrect as the ophthalmology department and the pox area are the descriptions of the hospital

Correct Option: A
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 19:57
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1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

Its is imperative that we undertstand the meaning and structure of the entire paragraph here.

Riyadh is home to the largest hospital for falcons +modifiers for the hospital + and to the largest vetenirary clinic for the clinic

Once you understand the above structure this question becomes very easy to crack, there is no other answer choice to confuse the test taker.
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 08:32
devbond wrote:
1 an ophthalmology department, and a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
2 an ophthalmology department, a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
3 an ophthalmology department, to a pox area, and to the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
4 to an ophthalmology department, and to a pox area and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.
5 an ophthalmology department and a pox area, and the largest veterinary clinic for desert mammals, a place where camels and other desert species are expertly cared for.

Its is imperative that we undertstand the meaning and structure of the entire paragraph here.

Riyadh is home to the largest hospital for falcons +modifiers for the hospital + and to the largest vetenirary clinic for the clinic

Once you understand the above structure this question becomes very easy to crack, there is no other answer choice to confuse the test taker.

Riyadh is home to the largest hospital for falcons +modifiers for the hospital + and to the largest vetenirary clinic for the clinic…

I see this parallelism; however I do not see the parallelism in the modifiers; no one explains how the modifiers are parallel.

Is home to the largest hospital for falcons: (three elements)
- a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms,
- an ophthalmology department,
- and a pox area,
-
Not parallel in meaning: the first describes “hospital”, the other two do not.

or modifiers of rooms (two elements)

Is home to the largest hospital for falcons. a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms,
- an ophthalmology department,
- and a pox area,

department and area are not rooms.

or places where they are treated:(three elements)

Is home to the largest hospital for falcons. a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in:
- operating rooms,
- an ophthalmology department,
- and a pox area,

This could be a correct parallelism; However, for the sake of clarity, all the elements of the list should include the preposition “in”.

… is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated [color=#ff0000]in operating rooms, in an ophthalmology department, and in a pox area[/color], and to the largest …

Even this option is confusing; are the falcons treated in all three places, or in only one? If it is treated in only one of these places, then the coordinator should be or.

… is home to the largest hospital for falcons, a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms, in an ophthalmology department, or in a pox area, and to the largest …
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Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 09:00
Imperative to use the "slash and burn" here.

Sentence before underline should read: It is no surprise that Riyadh, (the Saudi capital where people revere birds of prey and ride camels regularly), is home to the world's largest hospital for falcons, (a place where falcons from all over the world are treated in operating rooms) ...

What you should be thinking is: is this a list? and if so, what kind of list?
The list begins with: "is home to the world's largest hospital for falcons," ... since the "veterinary clinic for desert mammals" is the last item of the list, it should also contain "to" right before it.
- Elim B, D, E

Between A & C,
- Notice "ophthalmology department" and "pox area" modify the hospital, whereas the veterinary clinic is modified by "a place where camels ...". A/C C tries to make them all parallel to fit 1 list of items, but understand we have 2 separate lists of items: 1) related to the hospital, 2) related to the veterinary clinic

Correct Ans: A
Re: It is no surprise that Riyadh, the Saudi capital where   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2017, 09:00
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