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# It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a

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Director
Joined: 20 Apr 2005
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It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 16:06
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11. It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it
(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it
(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied

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Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2005
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12 May 2005, 11:07
MA wrote:
Not sure but go with B and D.

You're right MA, B and D look fairly good options, but since the statement talks about a "general principle" while the passage talks about it as an "idea", I'm more inclined to drop D and go with B.

My take is that a general principle is an idea that has been mooted before and has found at least some acceptance already.
_________________

Who says elephants can't dance?

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Senior Manager
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12 May 2005, 11:52
I pick D.

first, there is no "evidence" as stated in B, second, the stem doesn't mean "usually", it just means there are some possibilities.

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Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
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12 May 2005, 21:12
D. The undesirable result is stated in the second sentence.

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Director
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14 May 2005, 06:52
The OA is D.

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Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2004
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14 May 2005, 09:02
should be D, B as someone else pointed out, can be removed because there is no evidence

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14 May 2005, 09:02
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# It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a

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