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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in

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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2012, 11:45
12
9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

65% (02:00) correct 35% (02:15) wrong based on 695 sessions

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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
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Re: It is often thought that  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2012, 12:11
3
mun23 wrote:
It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
If anyone find this post helpful plz give me+1 kudos


"our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age" is an assumption/position. The last two sentences of the argument provide information counter to this position so you know the author opposes it (use of "However"). A can be eliminated since it states "author supports" the first bold.

The argument also did not present the first bold as a "finding", but presents it as a thought and counters it. B can be eliminated

" in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population" is counter to the first bold. The first says the "modern age" would be the only ("it is unique") age to have people live into old age. If 10% of the population in 17th Century Europe lives into their 60's, then living into old age is not unique to the modern age. Therefore, the second bold counters the first bold and supports the author's position.

C can be eliminated - The second bold does not validate the first bold; it does the opposite.
E can be eliminated - The second assumption does not counter the author's view; it supports the author's views.

D Correct
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2016, 07:37
mun23 wrote:
It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
If anyone find this post helpful plz give me+1 kudos



What type of question is this in CR where answer choices are about conclusions, assumptions, conclusions, position, generalizations etc i find them quite challenging for non native English speakers.
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2016, 07:44
Bafflepitch wrote:
mun23 wrote:
It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
If anyone find this post helpful plz give me+1 kudos


"our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age" is an assumption/position. The last two sentences of the argument provide information counter to this position so you know the author opposes it (use of "However"). A can be eliminated since it states "author supports" the first bold.

The argument also did not present the first bold as a "finding", but presents it as a thought and counters it. B can be eliminated

" in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population" is counter to the first bold. The first says the "modern age" would be the only ("it is unique") age to have people live into old age. If 10% of the population in 17th Century Europe lives into their 60's, then living into old age is not unique to the modern age. Therefore, the second bold counters the first bold and supports the author's position.

C can be eliminated - The second bold does not validate the first bold; it does the opposite.
E can be eliminated - The second assumption does not counter the author's view; it supports the author's views.

D Correct



How did you define that author opposes he is just giving information in my opinion, isn`t it ...i would say he has neutral position
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 09:18
Bafflepitch wrote:
mun23 wrote:
It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age. It has frequently been assumed that plagues, wars, and harsh working conditions killed off most people in previous ages before they could reach old age. However, recent research shows that in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population. The studies also revealed that although infant mortality remained high until the 20th century in Europe, people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old.

The portions in boldface play which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. The first is a conclusion that the author supports. The second is data that contradicts that conclusion.
B. The first is a finding that the author contests. The second is a finding that the author accepts.
C. The first is an assumption that the author thinks is invalid. The second is data that validates that assumption.
D. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is a finding that supports the author’s position.
E. The first is a position that the author opposes. The second is an assumption which, if valid, negates the author’s view.

Need explanation..........
If anyone find this post helpful plz give me+1 kudos


"our own modern age is unique in having a large number of people who live into old age" is an assumption/position. The last two sentences of the argument provide information counter to this position so you know the author opposes it (use of "However"). A can be eliminated since it states "author supports" the first bold.

The argument also did not present the first bold as a "finding", but presents it as a thought and counters it. B can be eliminated

" in 17th century Europe, for example, people over sixty comprised 10 percent of the population" is counter to the first bold. The first says the "modern age" would be the only ("it is unique") age to have people live into old age. If 10% of the population in 17th Century Europe lives into their 60's, then living into old age is not unique to the modern age. Therefore, the second bold counters the first bold and supports the author's position.

C can be eliminated - The second bold does not validate the first bold; it does the opposite.
E can be eliminated - The second assumption does not counter the author's view; it supports the author's views.

D Correct



Bafflepitch : can you please explain how is D correct.
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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 16:20
When the author uses however he is oppossing the premise in the first boldface. The second boldface supports author’s position that “people who survived to adulthood could expect to live to be old”. Answer: D

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Re: It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 16:20
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It is often thought that our own modern age is unique in

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