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It is true of both men and women

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2015, 20:23
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(A) Repeats the info and doesn't strengthen.
(B) Contradicts the claim that newly engaged couples are just as safe as young adults who are married.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

If you don't have bad habits, you live longer. That relationship is further established with a control group of adults who have never married and have healthy habits. This attempts to causally relate healthy habits with longevity, just as the argument's premise is based on. Answer E.

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It is true of both men and women [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2015, 06:53
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry.
This does not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the
same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a
person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
(B) A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the
same habit who is unmarried.
(C) A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of
marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
(D) Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage
do not resume the habit later in life.
(E) Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry
live as long as those who marry.
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Re: It is true of both men and women [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2015, 08:10
This is a great Q. I got i wrong, deviating form the main conclusion.
The conclusion says that marriage is not the reason. That's it. We need to bolster this statement.
E is the clear winner.

Thanks for the Q.

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2016, 02:50
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manojkumarmatala wrote:
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Conclusion : Marriage is not responsible for prolonged life expectancy. (Be careful about NOT)
Assumption: To improve that life expectancy, some other factors such as having a sports background in college, being genuinely fit before marriage could be the reason for improved life expectancy.

Looking at options with conclusion "Marriage is not responsible" (Anything else beyond is out of scope)
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.--- Marriage is responsible.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Gives up because of marriage. (infact true with most men and women outside as well. Marriage is the cause
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
We are not running a marriage bureau :) Who marries whom is obviously out of scope
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. - This is the most tricky answer. We can assume that people end up giving up unhealthy habit after marriage mostly because of the pressure from spouse and thus this is also saying that marriage is responsible for the increase life expectancy. Has it been an inference question we can not assume this cause and effect . But, here we can safely eliminate this.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
Bingo. .!. I don't drink alchol or smoke, and so as my friend. We both hit a century. Only difference is he married and died unlike me. Thus, marriage is NOT the reason for increased life expectancy and thus strengthens the conclusion that marriage doesn't impact your life expectancy. (in real world it is likely to reduce :) .


So in conclusion, we have to find an option which says marriage didn't cause improved life expectancy. I was confused between b,d and e. Thanks for the explanation. B and D options are out, so left with correct option E. Kudos!
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2016, 13:25
A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately. Nope. Prompt says that this group is less likely to get married. Also, the statistic would have already taken this into account.

D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry. Winner winner chicken dinner. Strengthens argument by showing if certain characteristics are the same, married and non-married folk live to be, on average, the same age

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2017, 17:05
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
the choice presents an example that those who do not have the habbit of smoking or chronic drinking or any harmfull habit live as long as those who were married young and therby as stated by the argument that people quite harmful activities after gatting married at a younger age,therfore they tend to live longer than those who are not married.

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 06:56
bsv180985 wrote:
barakhaiev wrote:
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

Please, provide your explanations



Choose E here.

E affirms that marriage doesn't impact on life expectancy prolongation. Hence, the conclusion that marriage causes people to live longer is strengthen.


Aren't you self-contradicting yourself by saying that E confirms that marriage doesn't affect life expectancy and thus supports the conclusion that marriage causes people to live longer? Am I missing something here? Your sentence seems to say one thing and then completely opposite thing in the next line but somehow the first line is proving the second one!
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Re: It is true of both men and women [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 00:16
This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer.

We have to find the option which shows that marriage is not the reason why person live longer .

Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry

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Re: It is true of both men and women [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 10:51
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
Sports? Irrelevant

B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
This is a wekner. It is correlating the marriage to giving up of bad habits.

C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
Irrelevant

D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
So they are getting rid of the bad habits after the marrige, but the premise is talking about the people with unhealthy habits before the marrige.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
Correct. Unhealthy habits before marriage = No healthy habits + No marriage (correct comparison)
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Re: It is true of both men and women   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2017, 10:51

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