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# It is true of both men and women that those who marry as

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Manager
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2009, 11:05
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 01:47
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Conclusion : Marriage is not responsible for prolonged life expectancy. (Be careful about NOT)
Assumption: To improve that life expectancy, some other factors such as having a sports background in college, being genuinely fit before marriage could be the reason for improved life expectancy.

Looking at options with conclusion "Marriage is not responsible" (Anything else beyond is out of scope)
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.--- Marriage is responsible.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Gives up because of marriage. (infact true with most men and women outside as well. Marriage is the cause
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
We are not running a marriage bureau Who marries whom is obviously out of scope
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. - This is the most tricky answer. We can assume that people end up giving up unhealthy habit after marriage mostly because of the pressure from spouse and thus this is also saying that marriage is responsible for the increase life expectancy. Has it been an inference question we can not assume this cause and effect . But, here we can safely eliminate this.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
Bingo. .!. I don't drink alchol or smoke, and so as my friend. We both hit a century. Only difference is he married and died unlike me. Thus, marriage is NOT the reason for increased life expectancy and thus strengthens the conclusion that marriage doesn't impact your life expectancy. (in real world it is likely to reduce .
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21 Oct 2009, 00:58
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barakhaiev wrote:
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

Choose E here.

E affirms that marriage doesn't impact on life expectancy prolongation. Hence, the conclusion that marriage causes people to live longer is strengthen.
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21 Oct 2009, 23:31
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A) Incorrect- weaken the argument
B) Incorrect- Irrelevant
C) Incorrect- Out of the scope
D) Incorrect - Here the sentence is people who marry as young adult. But in the premises it is " young adults who are about to get married".
E) correct
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2016, 02:50
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manojkumarmatala wrote:
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Conclusion : Marriage is not responsible for prolonged life expectancy. (Be careful about NOT)
Assumption: To improve that life expectancy, some other factors such as having a sports background in college, being genuinely fit before marriage could be the reason for improved life expectancy.

Looking at options with conclusion "Marriage is not responsible" (Anything else beyond is out of scope)
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.--- Marriage is responsible.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Gives up because of marriage. (infact true with most men and women outside as well. Marriage is the cause
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
We are not running a marriage bureau Who marries whom is obviously out of scope
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. - This is the most tricky answer. We can assume that people end up giving up unhealthy habit after marriage mostly because of the pressure from spouse and thus this is also saying that marriage is responsible for the increase life expectancy. Has it been an inference question we can not assume this cause and effect . But, here we can safely eliminate this.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
Bingo. .!. I don't drink alchol or smoke, and so as my friend. We both hit a century. Only difference is he married and died unlike me. Thus, marriage is NOT the reason for increased life expectancy and thus strengthens the conclusion that marriage doesn't impact your life expectancy. (in real world it is likely to reduce .

So in conclusion, we have to find an option which says marriage didn't cause improved life expectancy. I was confused between b,d and e. Thanks for the explanation. B and D options are out, so left with correct option E. Kudos!
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22 Oct 2009, 04:05
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E it is

D is a Trap Good explanation swathi
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28 Jul 2010, 08:36
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According to my source, OA is not E but D.
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28 Jul 2010, 08:55
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staright E for me
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28 Apr 2011, 11:38
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this is a sub 400 level question so no explanation is needed . the answer though is E
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2014, 03:43
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Prethinking: we are interested in the group of people, who are about to get married --> people who are already married - out of scope
Second: The conclusion says, that people that tend to marry are healthier already before the marriage, it's not a marriage that makes a person healthier.

A) Some causes after marriage -> out of scope
B) already married - out of scope (actually weakens the conclusion)
C) tempting (people who don't smoke/drink are seeking for a partner that shares his or her views and it's unlikely that a person and partner who don't smoke/drink before the marriage, can start smoking or drinking - but it's a further assumption, a weak argument)
D) Again, something happens after marriage -> out of scope
E) Bingo ! It's not a marriage causing young adults live longer, that the healthy way of life, that enables the longer live

Please correct me, i f my reasoning is false.
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2015, 20:23
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(A) Repeats the info and doesn't strengthen.
(B) Contradicts the claim that newly engaged couples are just as safe as young adults who are married.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

If you don't have bad habits, you live longer. That relationship is further established with a control group of adults who have never married and have healthy habits. This attempts to causally relate healthy habits with longevity, just as the argument's premise is based on. Answer E.
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21 Oct 2009, 11:47
I think E is right.
Manager
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23 Oct 2009, 10:19
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA - E

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08 Aug 2011, 12:35
Why is the OA D ,please explain someone , E is not the right answer
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17 Sep 2011, 07:55
Oops. I analyzed it wrongly.
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17 Sep 2011, 07:59
crackHSW wrote:
Why is the OA D ,please explain someone , E is not the right answer

Why do you say E is not the right answer? I understand why E is. And see if my 2 cents helps.

The conclusion of the argument is: Marriage does not improve longevity, but a lack of habits in those people, i.e. young adults whether or not they are about to get married.

Therefore E says that people who do not have the habits and do not marry and live as long as those who do not have the habits and marry. Now seriously, on a lighter note that has to be true! No offence to anybody.
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18 Sep 2011, 02:08
Maybe E is wrong because of the below e.g:
Suppose A and B are two young persons starting off with non vices when young.
A gets married and then picks up vices
B remains a bachelor and then picks up same vices at same age.
Both do not live, long because they only live "as long" as each other according to the option.

Also D stresses on the fact that you have to give up the vice to live longer which strengthens the argument that marriage has nothing to do with long life

A and B weaken the case
C is not relevant I think...
Maybe some expert can comment too...
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28 Dec 2011, 08:20
Izvos wrote:
Maybe E is wrong because of the below e.g:
Suppose A and B are two young persons starting off with non vices when young.
A gets married and then picks up vices
B remains a bachelor and then picks up same vices at same age.
Both do not live, long because they only live "as long" as each other according to the option.

Also D stresses on the fact that you have to give up the vice to live longer which strengthens the argument that marriage has nothing to do with long life

A and B weaken the case
C is not relevant I think...
Maybe some expert can comment too...

I think the most authenticated expert is GMAC. And if this question is from OG, then there is no doubt about the correct answer.

OFFICIAL GUIDE ANSWERS ARE NEVER WRONG

The only thing that is wrong is our logic to understand the argument and solve the question.
E is definitely the correct answer here.
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2013, 17:03
unpacking the argument:
s1 generalizes: young adults who get married live longer
s2 somewhat does not agree and provide more fact saying: young adults who are about to get married have moderately unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking.

we have strengthen this s2:

A: out of scope
B: out of scope
C: provide comparison -- irrelevant
D: out of scope
E: premise says young adults even if they do not smoke or drink, and they get married or stay unmarried live longer. This strengthen S2.

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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2016, 13:25
A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately. Nope. Prompt says that this group is less likely to get married. Also, the statistic would have already taken this into account.

D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. Nope. Says marriage causes x.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry. Winner winner chicken dinner. Strengthens argument by showing if certain characteristics are the same, married and non-married folk live to be, on average, the same age

+1 Kudos if my post helped clarify the problem!
Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2016, 13:25

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