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# It is well documented that people have positive responses to

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Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 268
It is well documented that people have positive responses to [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2012, 01:03
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:10) correct 18% (01:15) wrong based on 278 sessions

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It is well documented that people have positive responses to some words, such as “kind” and
“wonderful” and negative responses to others, such as “evil” and “nausea.” Recently,
psychological experiments have revealed that people also have positive or negative
responses to many nonsense words.
This shows that people’s responses to words are
conditioned not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound. The boldface
portion plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
A) It is a premise offered in support of the conclusion that people have either a positive or a
negative response to any word.
b) It is a conclusion for which the only support provided is the claim that people’s responses to
words are conditioned both by what the words mean and by how they sound.
c) It is a generalization partially supported by the claim that meaningful words can trigger
positive or negative responses in people.
d) It is a premise offered in support of the conclusion that people’s responses to words are
engendered not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound.
e) It is a conclusion supported by the claim that people’s responses under experimental
conditions are essentially different from their responses in ordinary situations.

Main CR Qs link - cr-qs-600-700-level-131508.html

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30 Jul 2012, 10:55
mohankumarbd wrote:
It is well documented that people have positive responses to some words, such as “kind” and
“wonderful” and negative responses to others, such as “evil” and “nausea.” Recently,
psychological experiments have revealed that people also have positive or negative
responses to many nonsense words.
This shows that people’s responses to words are
conditioned not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound
. The boldface
portion plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
A) It is a premise offered in support of the conclusion that people have either a positive or a
negative response to any word.
b) It is a conclusion for which the only support provided is the claim that people’s responses to
words are conditioned both by what the words mean and by how they sound.
c) It is a generalization partially supported by the claim that meaningful words can trigger
positive or negative responses in people.
d) It is a premise offered in support of the conclusion that people’s responses to words are
engendered not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound.
e) It is a conclusion supported by the claim that people’s responses under experimental
conditions are essentially different from their responses in ordinary situations.

Main CR Qs link - cr-qs-600-700-level-131508.html

Red ------> Conclusion

So the bold part can't be a conclusion and a generalization (due to a concsequence of an experiment). B C and E are out

Only A and D. reading the conclusion only D has sense
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30 Jul 2012, 16:28
we can see that the bold face statement is introduced by the keyword "recently " so it is adding another premise to the argument so B,C,&E out.

A Vs D
D wins because A is stating incomplete info about the conclusion mentioned in the argument.

It can be seen from the statement ".....people’s responses to words are conditioned not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound."
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Re: It is well documented that people have positive responses to [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 09:11
The argument is structured as follows: Premise: It is well documented that people have positive responses to some words, such as “kind” and
“wonderful,” and negative responses to others, such as “evil” and “nausea.” Premise: Recently, psychological experiments have revealed that people
also have positive or negative responses to many nonsense words.

Conclusion: This shows that people’s responses to words are conditioned
not only by what the words mean, but also by how they sound. Like many
Method-AP arguments, the conclusion is in the final sentence and is
introduced by the conclusion indicator “this shows that.” As discussed earlier,
you should not expect to be asked about the conclusion if it appears in the
last sentence of a Method-AP question, and indeed the statement referenced
in question stem is clearly a premise used to support the conclusion. With
this in mind, we will examine the answers.

The first few words of each answer
indicate the general role the statement is claimed to play.
and (E) both name the statement as a conclusion, and both are unlikely to be
correct.

choice (C) bears further analysis.

Answer choice (A): We know that the
statement is a premise, so this is answer is possibly correct based on the first
line of the answer. But, the answer claims the statement is used to support a
conclusion that “people have either a positive or a negative response to any
word,” and that is not the conclusion of the argument. Thus, although the
answer starts out correctly describing the statement, it finishes by incorrectly
describing the statement. As we know, half- right, half-wrong answers are
always incorrect.

since the statement is not a conclusion. A further reading reveals that the
answer also characterizes the conclusion of the argument as a premise,
another reason to dismiss this answer.

statement could probably be characterized as a generalization, it is not one
supported by the first premise. This answer tries to claim the statement is a
conclusion, whereas we know that the first two statements are both separate
premises.

statement is a premise designed to support the conclusion, and this answer
choice describes that role perfectly.

is incorrect because it claims the statement is a conclusion. The remainder of
the answer choice would also cause the answer to be eliminated since it
describes a claim that does not occur in the argument.
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Re: It is well documented that people have positive responses to   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2017, 09:11
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