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It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed

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It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jan 2019, 10:17
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A
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It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and the frequency of inventory turnovers can be crucial to profits.


(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be

(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often

(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often

(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often

(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be

Originally posted by grad_mba on 30 May 2007, 07:48.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Jan 2019, 10:17, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2016, 10:35
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Dalinar wrote:
A few other people have mentioned it, but I still haven't seen it addressed - this looks like a flawed question.

Choice A is correct, except that it's not parallel.
Choice E is correct, except that it's not passive. I've seen several people cite this as a point in E's favor, but even GMAT grammar doesn't blindly dictate that "active is better than passive". It depends on who is doing the action. Here, inventory doesn't turn over on it's own. The boxes don't walk off the shelves so the part "the inventory turns over" is technically wrong. "How frequently the inventory is turned over can be" would be correct.

No, yes, why?


perfectstranger wrote:

D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often = How + verb + noun
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be = how + noun + verb

Therefore D out . E is right.




Dalinar

The reason that this flipping is not acceptable follows from a basic grammar rule:

When we frame a question (interrogative sentence), the verb must come before the subject.
Example: How is it done?

However when the same idea is expressed in a statement (declarative sentence), the verb follows the subject:
Example:
Declarative correct: I asked him how it is done.
Declarative wrong: I asked him how is it done.

Compare the above with the sentence given in the problem:
Interrogative: How frequently is the inventory turned over?
Declarative correct: How frequently the inventory is turned over is crucial.
Declaraive wrong: How frequently is the inventory turned over is crucial.
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New post 24 May 2011, 08:20
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brandy96 wrote:
Can some one explain why it is not D and the correct one is E. 'how items are placed' and 'how frequently inventory turned over' seems more parallel against 'turns over'


It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and the frequency of inventory turnovers can be crucial to profits.


(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often
(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be

parallel is kept through : .. how items are placed and how frequently the inventory turns over can be.... crucial to profits

If you'd pick D you'd get: how items are placed and how frequently the inventory turned over are often crucial to profits

If you look closely, you see that the sentence just isn't right.. Compare: how ARE placed (present) + how TURNS (present) and how ARE placed (present) + how TURNED (past)

Good luck everyone
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New post 11 Dec 2012, 14:31
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grad_mba wrote:
445)
It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and the frequency of inventory turnovers can be crucial to profits.


(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often
(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be


I do not how many times that I have answered wrong this in 2-3 years but here is the easy way :

how items are placed = Order how+noun+verb

D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often = How + verb + noun
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be = how + noun + verb

Therefore D out . E is right.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2012, 10:38
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We have to make the clauses parallel. D and E are contenders.

The given construction is how items are placed. Subject +Verb

So the clause to be made parallel should also follow the same structure.

(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often - Verb + Subject
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be - Subject +Verb

E follows the required pattern and hence correct.
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New post 31 May 2007, 17:28
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My pick E

between D & E.
D -> says how frequently is the inventory turned over are often

Thus D is NOT the correct.
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New post 03 Jun 2007, 22:12
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According to OG 10, explanation for the question is given by:

Choice E the best answer, grammatically and clearly makes the statement "x and y can be crucial," in which x and y are parallel clauses, each introduced by the conjunction how. This parallelism is preferable to the use of noun phrase the frequency in A, B and C. Furthermore, the frequency of inventory turnovers in A and B is less clear than how frequently the inventory turns over. In B and C is often does not agree with the plural compound subject. Choice D ungrammatically reverses the subject-verb order with is the inventory
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2011, 01:46
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grad_mba wrote:
445)
It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and the frequency of inventory turnovers can be crucial to profits.


(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often
(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often -
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be
maintains ||ism, conveys the intended meaning

Opening must be with "how" to keep ||ism intact. so D, E- "how items are" is || to "how frequently the inventory turns" (in option D- it just go little off the mark!)
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2013, 15:34
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D is wrong because is not Parallel to original sentence structure. "Frequently" is used as a noun here. Its an adverb, not a noun.

First part: How items are placed on shelves -> How + noun + verb --Original
D -> How frequently is the inventory turned over -> How + noun + verb + noun + verb --Not In Parallel
E -> How frequently the inventory turns over -> How + noun + verb --In Parallel
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 13:36
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
It is well known in the supermarket industry that how
items are placed on shelves and the frequency of
inventory turnovers can be
crucial to profi ts.


(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns
over is often
(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are
often
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be


Parallelism:
It is....that how X are placed....and how Y turns over....

It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and the frequency of inventory turnovers can be crucial to profi ts.

(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
Wrong.

(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
Wrong.

(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often
Wrong.

(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often
Wrong.

(1) In the declarative sentence, you always put auxiliary verb after subject.
(2) "Inventory turns over" is correct. Passive voice form is wrong. Because the inventory can turn by itself.

(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be
Correct.

Hope it helps.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2014, 07:39
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I think in Choice D the meaning is also getting changed , with the usage of are instead of can as used in option A
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2015, 12:47
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(A) the frequency of inventory turnovers can be
is not parallel to "how items are placed". The subordinate clause that is underlined does not have a verb.

(B) the frequency of inventory turnovers is often
same error as in A. Furthermore "can be" is changed with "is", changing the "possibility" to "certainty"

(C) the frequency with which the inventory turns over is often
same error as in A. The frequency is not parallel to "how.."

(D) how frequently is the inventory turned over are often
Although this choice corrects the error present in A, B, and C, it changes the meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that "someone turns over" the inventory. This is clearly not the intended meaning. Hence, the answer choice is incorrect.

(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be
This is the correct answer. The parallelism error has been corrected. It changes as well turnovers (adj) to turns over (verb). Now the subordinate underlined clause has a subject + verb.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2016, 11:22
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Dalinar wrote:
I completely agree; D is irredeemably wrong.
What you say is correct is the same as what I said: "how frequently the inventory is turned over".

However, E puts it in the active voice "the inventory turns over", meaning the inventory is moving itself on and off the shelf. I understand GMAT accepts E as the best answer. They apparently prefer errors in voice (E) over errors in parallelism (A).

I'm just confirming, this is an error in voice? Or, is there an idiomatic thing where we can say the inventory "turns" when it's really being acted on rather than acting?


Dalinar

Here the idiom turn over (used in active voice) means to be replaced by something of the same kind. This is an idiomatic usage - changing to passive voice no longer retains its meaning.

The idiom turn over may be used to express quite a few other meanings - in most of these cases changing to passive voice is acceptable:
to start: The engine turned over.... The engine was turned over.
to earn revenue: The company turns over 6 billion dollars ...... 6 billions dollars are turned over by the company.

Although some think that GMAC prefers active to passive, I cannot recollect coming across any example which is wrong solely because of use of passive.
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New post 21 May 2011, 06:30
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Can some one explain why it is not D and the correct one is E. 'how items are placed' and 'how frequently inventory turned over' seems more parallel against 'turns over'
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New post 01 Jan 2013, 04:09
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Item A : how items are placed on shelves

Item B1 : how frequently is the inventory turned over are often crucial to profits.
Item B2 : how frequently the inventory turns over can be crucial to profits.

The Item A is parallel to Item B2 and not B1
because in case of B1 how frequently is the inventory turned over should be parallel to Item A which doesnot convey the meaning.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jan 2015, 14:28
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(D)how frequently is the inventory turned over are often --> is a question form, we don't ask, whether the inventory is turned over <-> how items are placed on shelves. + Here is a meaning change from CAN BE from the original sentence to ARE.
(E) how frequently the inventory turns over can be --> is parallel to the first part
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Originally posted by BrainLab on 06 Aug 2014, 09:33.
Last edited by BrainLab on 12 Jan 2015, 14:28, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2015, 09:53
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"The frequency of inventory turnover" is a noun phrase, not a clause (noun+verb).
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New post 30 Dec 2017, 17:41
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Shivikaa, "is" in B is wrong because we have a plural (compound) subject. Two different things are crucial: How items are placed and how frequently the inventory turns over. Notice that in B, we also have a parallelism problem. "The frequency" doesn't match well with "how items are placed."
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New post 28 Jun 2019, 19:05
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Bishal123456789 wrote:
AjiteshArun Why option D is wrong here? Is "are" correct in option D?
Hi Bishal123456789,

There are a couple of ways we can take option D out:

1. The placement of is is incorrect. If we ask a question (like something with a question mark after it), we change the normal order of the subject and verb (the normal order is subject first):

How long is the movie? ← Here the verb is placed before the subject.

But if we say that we asked something (like I asked X) then we have to use the normal order:

I ask them how long the movie is... ← Inside the X (how long the movie is), we stick to the normal order.

Similarly, we cannot go with:

... how frequently is the inventory turned over... ← Here the is in the verb is turned over is placed before the subject. This is incorrect.

We can see the same thing in the non-underlined part:

... how items are placed on shelves... ← This is what the sentence uses, and it's correct.
... how are items placed on shelves... ← This is incorrect.

2. Is turned over is passive, and therefore implies that someone or something is turning the inventory over. This is not very likely to be the intended meaning.
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2007, 10:19
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It is E.
This maintains the parallelism of S-V:
how items...are placed and how inventory... turns over
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Re: It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed   [#permalink] 30 May 2007, 10:19

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