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# It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena,

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Intern
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 20
Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 16:39
Guys. Even though each one of you got right answer but the explantion each of you has provided is wrong.
"Due to/caused by"is used to modify nouns and "becuase of" modifies verbs. Here 'caused by' successfully modifies "the formation of nebulas" so usgae of caused by is correct in A,B,D,E but still
A- INCORRECT- likely+ maybe- redundant and usage of 'where' incorrect
B- INCORRECT- likely+maybe- redundant. Interaction between - idiomatically incorrect
C- INCORRECT- 'because off' cant modify noun i.e, "the formation of nebulas"
D- INCORRECT- usage of 'where' incorrect
E- CORRECT- no redundant. 'Caused by' usage correct. 'orbiting' correctly modifies "interaction of two starts"

Hope i am correct.

Kudo it if you like

I think you are partially correct in a sense that "because of" is an adverbial phrase and "due to" is a prepositional phrase.
But as others have indicated above, your explanation isn't perfectly clear, or even incorrect.
Here, the main clause goes: "a number of astronomical phenomena, such as planetary nebulas, may be/are caused by the interaction."
The core subject verb go astronomical phenomena may be/are ____________________.
the word "are" is a form of verb "to be", here functioning as a link verb. Hence, the only words that can come after a link verb are noun and adjectives (including participles).
In sum, C is wrong not because "because of" cannot modify "formation of nebulas" but because the word "are" cannot be followed by anything other than nouns or adjectives.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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29 May 2016, 18:18
Well here is my explanation : "Due to" can only be used to modify nouns and can interchangeably used with "Caused By".
Eg : His high GMAT score is due to relentless hard work.

Here "His high GMAT score" is a noun entity with a bunch of noun modifiers. and Due to modifies it further or gives a reason. We can use "caused by" in lieu of "Due to" and it must make sense.

Eg: His high GMAT score is caused by relentless hard work.

"Because of" can only modify verbs or actions.

Eg: The State of Texas was flooded because of heavy rains. Because of "modifies the action".

In this question:

It seems likely that ( Clause Marker) a number ( Plural Subject /noun)of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be ( Likely is used so may be is redundant) caused by ( Due to used to modify noun entity "A number") the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

POE:

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other --- May be is redundant and "which/where/that/these" cannot be used to modify action
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other -- May be is redundant/ each orbit the other is awkward
C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other -- Because of cannot be used to modify noun ( C trap)
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other -- This actually changes the meaning and where is used to modify interaction
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other - Correct Choice
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 23:54
Amit0507 wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other
C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other

Option 'C' is wrong because "a number of astronomical phenomena" is a noun and "caused by" or "due to" goes with a Noun. Had is been "The occurrence of astronomical phenomena" then "because of" would have been an acceptable solution. Verbs go with "because of".

yes, i agree with you, regarding c
our delay is because of you. this is logic and correct
the phenomina is because of you. this is not logic.
the occurence of the phenomena is because of you . this is logic

so, c is wrong just because logic probem. from one sentence which combine a noun with because of, we can not combine any similar couple . we need to consider their meaning before we combine them.

i think this is the reason why c wrong.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2017, 01:49
1) 'a number of' is plural and thus will have a plural verb.
2) 'caused by' and 'due to' is used when they modify a noun and in this case (noun phrase)' a number of astronomical phenomena'.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2018, 02:25
A & B because likely and maybe both in same sentence create redundancy.
C - because of is used to present reason for actions. Not appropriate here as we are talking about "formation of planetary nebulas" (noun phrase).
D - where refers to formation (it should refer to actual place). Incorrect usage.
E - correct
Hope I have contributed correct reasons.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2018, 22:20
garimavyas wrote:
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other
C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other

E is our answer likely and may used in the same sentence make the sentence redundant as they both convey the same meaning .
A and B out based on the above reasoning .
C there is no verb for the passive voice.
D redundant for the use of each is orbiting other
E correct short and succinct .
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2018, 19:39
garimavyas wrote:
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other
C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other

WITHOUT looking at other problems, we can see only "each other " to find error

in A, "where " is wrong because it refers to "interaction". meaningless
in B, "two star that each orbit the other" means the two star orbit the third star. wrong
in C , similar to B
in D, "where is refer to two stars. wrong.
Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena,   [#permalink] 11 Feb 2018, 19:39

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